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1 1. SIM2CO+ Towards rider training modules on simulator for hazard perception skills S. Espié, S. Aupetit, 2012 A collaborative work sponsored by the.

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Presentation on theme: "1 1. SIM2CO+ Towards rider training modules on simulator for hazard perception skills S. Espié, S. Aupetit, 2012 A collaborative work sponsored by the."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 1. SIM2CO+ Towards rider training modules on simulator for hazard perception skills S. Espié, S. Aupetit, 2012 A collaborative work sponsored by the French Research Agency (ANR) and the French Competitiveness Cluster (MOV'EO)

2 2 1. Rationale of SIM2CO+ Bad figures for the novices accidentality (bimodal histrogram: novices and returning) 20% of accidents in France involved a less than a year licensed rider (ONISR, 2009) 62% of accidents in Paris involved a less than a year licensed rider (ODP, 2005) A 3 years ergonomic study of motorcycle training in France (PhD, Aupetit S.) 2 past experiences in Naturalistic Riding Study (7th FP 2BESAFE & French ANR DAMOTO) The design of a reversible instrumentation (to be used on the riders own motorcycle)

3 3 2. the French licensing system Motorcycle license A After 18 years old All kinds of motorcycles (restriction between 18 & 21 years old) Tests on track and on road Motorcycle pre test training In motorcycle schools Riding after licensing Test on road Training on road Test on track Training on track At least 12h At least 8h

4 4 3. Study of the French licensing system S. Aupetit PhD, collaborative work sponsored by MAIF fundation and région Centre Study 1: Ethnographic analysis in three motorcycle schools Study 2: Participant observation of a training/licensing process and after Study 3: In-depth study of the training process of 15 trainees Study 4: Analysis of experimented riders activity in licensing situations IUT GMP AMAPP

5 5 3. Results of the study (summary) The over concentration on motorbike control Initial training focuses on track training Track training mainly tests manoeuvrability Instructors concerns focus on manoeuvrability Problem: real traffic situations mainly mobilize hazard perceptual skills The over concentration on motorbike control Initial training focuses on track training Track training mainly tests manoeuvrability Instructors concerns focus on manoeuvrability Problem: real traffic situations mainly mobilize hazard perceptual skills The over concentration on motorbike control Initial training focuses on track training Track training mainly tests manoeuvrability Instructors concerns focus on manoeuvrability Problem: real traffic situations mainly mobilize hazard perceptual skills The over concentration on motorbike control Initial training focuses on track training Track training mainly tests manoeuvrability Instructors concerns focus on manoeuvrability Problem: real traffic situations mainly mobilize hazard perceptual skills Track training Road trainingAll the training Mandatory curriculum8 hours12 hours20 hours Real curriculum19 hours6 hours30 hours

6 Hazard perceptual skills are undervalued in training conditions 85% of the trainers interventions concern route directions Trainers avoid complex environment such as city center 3. Results of the study (summary) Riders itinerary Downtown

7 4. SIM2CO+ aims Based on MAIDS (2003): the most frequent errors of riders responsible for an accident are poor perception of danger (36.6%) and poor traffic analysis (27.7%) Haworth and al. (2000); Aupetit (2011): these skills are not sufficiently present in educational context The main objective of the SIM2CO+ project is: to design and validate training modules for hazard perception skills of motorcycle riding, on simulation tools.

8 5. Contents of the SIM2CO+ project

9 9 5. Approach NovicesM/FAgeContextMonitoringKms Novice 1M33Paris region11 weeks3 680 kms Novice 2M26Paris region11 weeks4 100 kms Novice 3M24Paris region11 weeks2 450 kms Novice 4M29Paris region8 weeks300 kms Novice 5F26Provincial12 weeks2 300 kms Novice 6M30Paris region11 weeks1 600 kms TOTAL64 weeks kms TraineesM/FMean AgeContextMonitoringKms 12 / School 111M/1F26Paris region8 weeks720 kms 8 / School 26M/2F24Provincial10 weeks480 kms TOTAL18 weeks1 200 kms NRS monitoring kms / 80 weeks

10 10 6. Data collection Diaries Identification of the risky situations according to the rider One diary per week of experiment Significant work to explain the type of situations to be included 400 risky situations identified

11 11 6. Data collection Camera instrumentation Right camera Data logger set in the top case Rider face camera Forward camera Left camera 140 hours of video recordings Instrumented motorbike

12 12 3. Data collection Sensor instrumentation Turn signal Brake signal 3 axes accelometers/ gyrometers Accelerations/rotations Incremental sensor Steering angle Speed sensor Wheels turn Data logger set under the top case GPS system PTW Localisation 270 hours of data recordings

13 13 6. Data collection Interviews (1) Description of the situations reported in the diary (2) Self-confrontation interview based on videos Footage of past riding activity Researcher Rider Remote control. Used by the researcher and the rider to stop or wind back the video Face and gesture of the rider during the interview 35 hours of interview

14 14 7. Data processing Processing tables combining the collected data A 400 pages document

15 15 8. Example of results 8.1 Characterization of the risky situations 48% during a home-to-work trip 68% on usual routes 44% in built-up area 20% on highway 14% happened on a curve 11% on a roundabout 3% with a pillion 2% with other riders 7% during the night Whole journey Routes Infrastructure Social aspect Weather conditions

16 16 8. Example of results 8.2 Identification of riders weaknesses Represent riders activity in activity graph Identify the typical shortcomings e.g. Controlling the machine on a tight right-hand bend while trying to ascertain some information

17 17 8. Example of results 8.3 Selection of scenarios Clustering risky situations thanks to riders shortcomings / context e.g. Failure to give the right of way by other user in an intersection "A car did not stop at the mark. It stopped in the middle of the road, so I made an emergency brake! " "I approached a car park when a car arrived from the right. I managed to avoid by the left side but I was afraid!" "A car in the opposite lane turned left just in front of me. It crossed my path while I drove at 70km/h! The driver certainly did not see me!" P Rider Driver 14 selected scenarios after matching accident analysis

18 9. Current status of the project Task 1: identification of the typical accidents situations of novices from literature achieved Task 2 :identification of the typical accidents situations of novices from NRS achieved

19 Next steps of the project Task 3, 5: Specification of the scenarios Virtual world (3D base) Interactions between road users ongoing Task 5: Creation of the educational content Turorial feed-backs Progressivity Sequence duration… ongoing Task 4: Design of the technical tools E-learning device (inspired by IRT, 2007) Low-cost simulator(s) ongoing


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