Presentation on theme: "AULÃO INGLÊS - UDESC 2013/2 - MIGUEL ARCANJO. I you he she it we you they Subject Pronoun me you him her it us you them Object Pronoun myself yourself."— Presentation transcript:
AULÃO INGLÊS - UDESC 2013/2 - MIGUEL ARCANJO
I you he she it we you they Subject Pronoun me you him her it us you them Object Pronoun myself yourself himself herself Itself ourselves yourselves themselves Possessive Adjective my your his her its our your their Possessive Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun mine yours his hers - ours yours theirs Personal Pronouns I love you! This is my problem, not yours. Judy can take car of herself.
that which who (whom) which whom whose where what when Relative Pronouns que qual quem cujo onde que quando You are the professional whom Im looking for. This is the policy in which I believe. John is the man whose car was stolen. This is the moment when I say goodbye.
aboard about above across after against along amid among anti around as at before behind below beneath beside besides between beyond but by concerning considering despite down during except excepting excluding following for from in inside into versus via with within without of off on onto opposite outside over past per plus regarding round save since than through to toward towards under underneath unlike until up upon Prepostions
time place agent device These words come within my heart. This poem was written by Edgar Allan Paul. Getting around by bus seems very difficult. Classes will be over within a week.
Linking Words although though even though However, yet hence therefore thus because since For as for example for instance like as yet nonetheless nevertheless plus moreover whats more besides furthermore and In spite of despite notwithstanding
Articles indefinite definite A car destroyed in an accident. The real problems are yet to come.
Gerund Noun Verbo na Forma ING Adjective Continuous
Indefinite Pronouns some any no none Have you had any problems? I have no money to lend you. None of you will understand what is in my head. I have some money in the back. thing – where – time – body - one. compounds
Nouns Countable Uncountable Trained dogs can become lethal weapons. Make love, not war. gerund Dancing is really restoring!
Adverbs time place manner frequency We saw you there. You must drive your car carefully. I wont be home very often. The train hasn't arrived yet.
Verb Tenses Simple Present Simple Past Simple Future Immediate Future She sang in a band last year. She will sing in a band. She had sung in a band. She sings in a band. Continuous = verb be + ing. Present Perfect She is going to sing in a band. She has sung in a band. Past Perfect She would sing in a band. Future of the Past
Modal Can Could May Might Mark could ride a bike when he was 8. Studies may prove you are wrong. You ought to show respect to the elderly. We all can attain our goals. Should It might rain tomorro. Sammy should see a doctor too. Ought to Mark must see a doctor. Must
Phrasal Verbs make up go without hand smth down pass away When I was young, we went without winter boots. I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin. His uncle passed away last night after a long illness. We had to make up a story to convience him to come. Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party. wear off
Comparative of Superiority long adjectives short adjectives good bad Jane is taller than Sue. Water is better than soda. Winter is worse than summer. Josh is more handsome than Jerry. Hawaii is farther than Japan. far
Superlative of Superiority long adjectives short adjectives good bad That tower is the highest bulding in the city. Physics is the best subject in school. Randys is the worst restaurant in town. Sally is the most attractive girl that I know. Hawaii is the farthest place on Earth. far
Passive and Active Voice Active Voice Passive Voice They have cut more trees. You are loved by Shirley very much. Passive Voice More trees have been cut. Active Voice Shirley loves you very much.
1. (2010-1) The words We (line 1), our (line 5), us (line 6), are consecutively: a) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun, object pronoun b) object pronoun, possessive adjective, personal pronoun c) object pronoun, personal pronoun, possessive adjective d) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun, possessive adjective e) personal pronoun, possessive adjective, object pronoun e
2. The infinitive of the verbs: learned (line 1), met (line 2), brought (line 9), tried (line 15), is consecutively: a) to learn, to meet, to bring, to try b) to larne, to met, to broug, to trie c) to learn, to met, to bring, to tri d) to learne, to meet, to brough, to try e) to lear, to meet, to bring, to tri a
3. Mark the alternative which represents the correct grammar use of the vocabulary in the text. a) surmounting (line 15) is a substantive b) Best of all (line 5) is a comparative of superiority c) powerful (line 10) is an adverb d) thus (line 21) is an adverb e) back (line 11) is a part of the body d
4. The two underlined sentences are consecutively: a) question tag and present perfect. b) simple past question and simple present question. c) tag question and simple present question. d) simple past question and imperative. e) tag question and imperative. a
5. (2010-1) The words: yearly (line 2), higher (line 10), rainy (line 16), which (line 10), are used consecutively in the text as: a) adverb, comparative of superiority, pronoun, adverb. b) noun, adverb, relative pronoun, adjective. c) comparative of superiority, noun, adverb, comparative of superiority. d) adverb, comparative of superiority, noun, adjective. e) adjective, comparative of superiority, adjective, pronoun. e
6. (2010-1) The words even though (line 17), a three-way (line 18), upon (line 19), are used consecutively in the text as: a) idiom, adjective, preposition. b) noun, number, preposition. c) substantive, noun, preposition. d) noun, adjective, conjunction. e) idiom, number, noun. a
7. (2011-1) The correct verb tense used in the sentence … others have been bitten by the travel bug… (lines 2 and 3) is: a) past perfect. b) present simple. c) present perfect. d) past simple. e) active voice. c
8. (2011-1) Some of the prepositions we find in the text are: a) for, also, that, the. b) to, the, of, for. c) of, the, or, and. d) and, that, from, into. e) into, of, from, for. e
9. (2011-1) The words collecting (line 7), processing (line 7) and remanufacturing (line 7) are being used in the text as: a) negative inversion. b) gerund. c) simple present. d) subjunctive. e) present perfect continuous. b
10. (2011-2) The words roughly (line 11), lighter (line 10), nearby (line 21) and Plus (line 10) are used in the text as: a) an adverb, a comparative of superiority, an adjective, a conjunction. b) an adverb, a superlative, an adverb, a conjunction. c) a conjunction, a comparative of inferiority, a verb and an adverb. d) a subjunctive, comparative of superiority, preposition and an adjective. e) a conjunction, a superlative, a preposition, an adverb. a
11.(2012-1) The words biggest (line 6) and brightest (line 6) are examples of: a) inferiority b) comparative of superiority c) superlative d) equality e) synonyms c
12. (2012-1) The verb tenses have speculated (line 4), have determined (line 7) and have known (line 16) are: a) Past perfect b) Simple present c) Present perfect d) Past participle e) Gerund c
13. Mark the correct alternative which replaces the underlined expression in: We made stuff up. a) invented b) destroyed c) controlled d) sold e) reached a
14. Analyze the sentences which contain the correct grammar definition from words, as used in the text, then mark the correct alternative. I. Outside: adverb of place; stuff: noun. II. Commercially: adverb of manner; until: adjective. III. Turned out: gerund; overnight: adverb of time. IV. Stuff: noun; commercially: adjective. V. Were used and applied: passive voice; turned out: phrasal verb. a) I and V are correct. b) I, II and V are correct. c) III and IV are correct. d) II and IV are correct. e) All options are correct a
15. (2011-1) The negative inversion of …you will be scandalized by seeing good… (line 1) would be: a) not only you will be scandalized by seeing good… b) hardly will you be scandalized by seeing good… c) you will not be scandalized by seeing good … d) since will not you be scandalized by seeing good… e) as you will be scandalized by seeing good … e
Recycle – Reduce – Reuse Easier – Recycle means to process old, used items in order that the material can be used to make new products. Examples of things that are often recycled are glass, plastic, newspapers, aluminum cans, used motor oil, and batteries. Here, reduce refers to lessening the amount of items or resources that are consumed, using only the amount that is needed, and looking for alternatives that will lessen our use. And reuse means extending the 'life' or repurposing an item rather than discarding or throwing it away. Harder – Recycling is the processes of collecting, processing, remanufacturing, and reusing materials instead of discarding them. This helps conserve raw materials and energy that manufacturers would otherwise use in producing new products. Recycling also reduces the amount of material going into landfills. Recycling helps lessen the pollution that may result from waste disposal. Reducing our consumption of materials and reducing the waste of materials also adds to the conservation of our resources.
16. The word lessening (line 3) means: a) to become stronger. b) to throw things away. c) to help. d) to take care of something. e) to become weaker. e
17. Mark the correct alternative. a) Reuse materials won ́t sum up resources. b) Plastic, paper and batteries are seldom recycled. c) To search for new possibilities of using things, would lessen the consumerism. d) Throwing things away would reduce consumerism. e) Recycle is throwing away things into landfills. c
18. Mark the incorrect alternative. a) Recycle is the process of discarding materials. b) If we recycle we will have less materials going into landfills. c) Using things longer means extending their life. d) We can recycle cans, glass and newspapers. e) Some pollution may come from waste disposal. b