Presentation on theme: "Getting Started in Operations Presented by Bob Weinheimer MMR National Model Railroad Association Mid Central Region Convention April 2012."— Presentation transcript:
1 Getting Started in Operations Presented by Bob Weinheimer MMR National Model Railroad Association Mid Central Region Convention April 2012
2 What Do I Mean by Operations? This is MY view, others may see things differently!Operations means running the trains using rules, adapted as needed for model purposes, in much the same way done on the prototypeSpecific trains run at a specific time based on a logical reason
3 What Do I Mean by Operations? Cars, both freight and passenger, are moved between shipper and consignee with some sort of logical systemA credible fleet of cars is used reflecting the needs of shippers and logical connecting railroadsAll this can happen on a freelanced or prototype based layout
4 Topics for Discussion Layout setting Era Rolling stock Train schedules Car forwardingTrain dispatchingStaffing
5 The Global PictureFew railroads operate without connections to other railroadsWhere does you layout fit on a map of prototype railroads in the part of the world you are modeling?Which railroads connect to your railroad?
6 The Global PictureConnections allow places for cars to go, something like a large industryConnections allow the possibility of jointly operated trains that feature connecting line powerConnections allow logical places for foreign line cars to come from or go toOn a freelance layout, do not be afraid to rewrite railroad history as needed to make operations work better
7 The Global Picture To Cheyenne To Julesburg La Salle Jim Rollwage’s Denver PacificModeled portion Denver to La SalleDenverKansas Pacific, Rock Island
8 The Global Picture Union Pacific by Jim Rollwage Denver Pacific line north from Denver to transcontinental main lineModeled portion Denver to La Salle, COBeyond the basement connections to eastward main line at Julesburg, CO, westward main line at Cheyenne, WY, eastward via Kansas Pacific and Rock Island from Denver
9 The Global Picture Pittsburgh CR, B&O, N&W, P&LE Bridgeville Real N&W Wheeling, WVWashingtonPS Wheeling BranchFreelance N&WWaynesburg, PA
10 The Global Picture Pennsylvania Southern Pittsburgh to Chattanooga Modeled portion Pittsburgh to PA/WV state lineOn layout, connects with CR, N&W, P&LE, B&O, and MontourBeyond layout, connects with C&O, N&W, B&O, G&G, CRR, L&N, SOU, possibly others
11 The Global Picture “Beyond the Basement” Staging yards A source for trainsA destination for trainsCan be open or hidden, sceniced or not, stub ended, double ended, or loops.
13 Setting What will your layout look like? Depends on layout location and conceptPS runs from urban Pittsburgh to rural area with heavy industry on the north end fading to mines and much less industry to the southDenver Pacific is high western plains, few trees, lots of agriculture
14 Era What year is it on your layout? Era can dictate of rolling stock choicesEra can dictate scenic elements such as track arrangement and structure selectionEra can dictate which industries may be appropriateEra can help determine what dispatching system is used
15 Rolling StockOnce an era is established, try to avoid anachronisms such as truss rod boxcars running with double stack cars1980 as an exampleLots of Incentive Per Diem, Railbox carsConrail cars in paint transitionGP-50s have arrived, no SD-50sNo SBD, CSX, NS
16 Rolling Stock Fleet composition Many home road cars Fewer cars from direct connectionsEven fewer cars from secondary connectionsPossible exceptions for unit trainsAppropriate car types to meet industry needs
17 Rolling Stock – Car Types Identify your car types.Most car forwarding systems use some method for describing car types.AAR Mechanical DesignationsConvenient two to four letter codes for describing cars.Easily adapted to model railroads since most model cars already have the code on it.
18 Common AAR Mechanical Designations XM – General boxcarXL – Boxcar equipped with special loading devicesXP – Boxcar designated to haul a certain commodityHM – Two bay hoppersHT – Hoppers with three or more baysGB – Gondola with fixed sides and endsGT – High side gondolaRP – ReeferRB and RBL – Insulated boxcarsLO – Covered hoppersLP – Pulpwood carsFM – General flatcarsFC – Flatcars equipped to handle containers or trailersFA – Auto-racksFB – Bulk head flatcars
19 Train Schedules Highly dependent on era and location Prototype passenger train schedules can be used as a guideFreight trains can be scheduled or run as neededPS schedule was developed using mathematical models for car flowDenver Pacific uses UP timetables
27 Car Forwarding – Software Commercial ProductsShip It!ProTrakRailOpOpen Source Products (free)JMRIFolks can be very partial to their favoritesSome see problems with all of these
28 Dispatching Systems Mother, may I? Very informal, limited paperwork, simpleTimetable and Train Order (TTTO)PrototypicalMay be intimidating to new operatorsSteep learning curve for someTrack Warrants/Direct Train ControlPrototypical, easier than TTTO
29 Dispatching Systems Centralized Traffic Control Requires signals and detection equipmentCan be expensive to implementAllows high traffic levelsCombinations of all the above
30 Dispatching Systems PS uses track warrant system Denver Pacific uses TTTO
31 StaffingDispatcherAuthorizes train movements by writing orders, or warrants or by setting CTC signalsYardmasterClassifies inbound cars, builds trainsTrain CrewOperate road trains, switch industries as needed
32 Learn More Observe the prototype Visually from a safe location Radio traffic via scanner or internetVisit operating layouts, more than one if possibleWhat did you like about each?What did you dislike about each?Decide what makes sense for you
33 Summary Fit your layout into the real world Define the layout era Develop a credible settingWrite a train scheduleChoose a dispatching systemDevelop a car forwarding systemObserve layouts and the prototypeDo all of this then operate and you will earn the Chief Dispatcher certificate
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