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ENGLISH LANGUAGE. SYNTAX is concerned with the structure of phrases, clauses and sentences.

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Presentation on theme: "ENGLISH LANGUAGE. SYNTAX is concerned with the structure of phrases, clauses and sentences."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENGLISH LANGUAGE

2 SYNTAX is concerned with the structure of phrases, clauses and sentences.

3 The young boy ate the banana. The banana ate the young boy.

4 The dog chased the ball Chased ball the dog the.

5 Forget what you thought you knew about what a phrase is…

6 A phrase can be defined as a group of words that have a grammatical relationship with each other.

7 Vehicle exhaust fumes are the largest contributor to urban air pollution

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11 In addition to noun phrases there are also: Verb phrases Adjective phrases Adverb phrases Prepositional phrases Vehicle exhaust fumes can cause asthma attacks We need cleaner, healthier, more breathable air. One or two journeys out of the car weekly will help We must move towards a cleaner environment

12 The sly old fox jumped warily over the lazy, brown dog lying in the sun.

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14 The subject of the sentence is the person or thing the sentence is about. The predicate is essentially what is written or said about the subject.

15 The budgie fell of its perch.

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17 The budgie with circles under its eyes fell of its perch.

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19 To determine the subject of a sentence, isolate the verb and then make a question by placing who? or what? before it. The answer is the subject.

20 The students littered the classroom floor with paper and food scraps Step 1: Identify the verb.

21 The students littered the classroom floor with paper and food scraps Step 1: Identify the verb. Step 2: Who or what littered?

22 The students littered the classroom floor with paper and food scraps Step 1: Identify the verb. Step 2: Who or what littered?

23 The students littered the classroom floor with paper and food scraps And what is the predicate? Ask the question - What about the students?

24 The students littered the classroom floor with paper and food scraps And what is the predicate? Ask the question - What about the students? They littered the classroom with paper and food scraps.

25 Phrase? Subject? Predicate?

26 Identify the verb (v), the subject (s) and then the rest of the predicate(x) in the following sentences: Angus threw the letter away The speeding car swerved around the corner She made a beautiful pavlova The people at the convention were amazed

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