Home Alone 1 Joe and Amy have been married less than a year. Last month, Amys mother had an operation......so Amy went back to her hometown to take care of her. When Amy returned, the house was a mess!
Home Alone 2 You shouldnt have gone away. You could have stayed at home. You should have taken care of me, not left me on my own. You could have paid the phone bill. You ought to have fed the cat! You might have taken out the trash. Whats so hard about that?
Home Alone 3 Youve made it very clear. I really need a maid. Go back to your mothers, dear. Thats where you should have stayed. You should have done the laundry. You might have washed the car! At least you could have mowed the lawn. SPOILED! Is what you are!
Modals of Advisability Use modals to talk about actions and states that were advisable in the past, but did not happen. should have ought to have could have might have You should have done the laundry. + past participle
Contractions Use contractions in informal writing and speaking. Joe could have mowed the lawn. He might have washed the car. You should not have gone away. Joe couldve He mightve You shouldnt
Negative Statements Use should not have and ought not to have for negative statements. shouldnt have gone You shouldnt have gone away. ought not to have Amy ought not to have left.
Practice 1 Robbery at 1301 Maple Street, June 7, 2005. Estimated loss: Substantial. No forced entry. No alarm. Door opened with key found under welcome mat. Neighbors report empty garbage cans at curb for several days. Lawn overgrown. Newspapers piled up on front steps. Curtains open and electronic equipment visible from street. Car unlocked. Read the police report about a robbery. Discuss what this family should or shouldnt have done. Example: They shouldnt have put a key under the mat. Thats the obvious place to look.
Questions Should have is the most common form used in questions. Should Amy have stayed at home? Should Joe have done the laundry?
Short Answers Use the modal and have to make short answers. Should Amy have stayed at home? Should Joe have done the laundry? Yes, she should have. No, he shouldnt have.
Joe might of taken out the trash. Pronunciation 1 In informal speech, have in modal phrases is often pronounced like the word of. Do not write of instead of have. Joe might have taken out the trash.
ought to Joe ought to have fed the cat. Pronunciation 2 In informal speech, to in ought to is pronounced like the word a. ought to He ought to have trimmed the hedge.
Practice 2 Here are some problems you faced yesterday morning. What should you have done? Example: You overslept and were late to work. I ought to have set the alarm. I might have gone to bed earlier. I shouldnt have gone to that party! 1. According to the scale, you gained five pounds. 4. You couldnt find the car keys. 3. There was no hot water. 5. You forgot to feed the dog. 2. You had no clean socks.