2Home Alone 1 Joe and Amy have been married less than a year. When Amy returned, the house wasa mess!Last month, Amy’s mother hadan operation. . .. . .so Amy went back to herhometown to take care of her.
3Home Alone 2 You could have paid the phone bill. You ought to have fed the cat!You might have taken out the trash.What’s so hard about that?You shouldn’t have gone away.You could have stayed at home.You should have taken care of me,not left me on my own.
4Home Alone 3 You should have done the laundry. You might have washed the car!At least you could have mowed the lawn.SPOILED! Is what you are!You’ve made it very clear.I really need a maid.Go back to your mother’s, dear.That’s where you should have stayed.
5Modals of Advisability Use modals to talk about actions and states that were advisable in the past, but did not happen.should haveought to havecould havemight have+past participleYou should have done the laundry.
6Contractions Use contractions in informal writing and speaking. Joe could’veJoe could have mowed the lawn.He might’veHe might have washed the car.You shouldn’tYou should not have gone away.
7Negative StatementsUse should not have and ought not to have for negative statements.You shouldn’t have gone away.Amy ought not to have left.
8Read the police report about a robbery Read the police report about a robbery. Discuss what this family should or shouldn’t have done.Practice 1Robbery at 1301 Maple Street, June 7, 2005.Estimated loss: Substantial.No forced entry. No alarm. Door opened with key found under welcome mat. Neighbors report empty garbage cans at curb for several days. Lawn overgrown. Newspapers piled up on front steps. Curtains open and electronic equipment visible from street. Car unlocked.Example: They shouldn’t have put a key under the mat. That’s the obvious place to look.
9Questions Should have is the most common form used in questions. Should Joe have done the laundry?Should Amy have stayed at home?
10Short Answers Use the modal and have to make short answers. Should Joe have done the laundry?Should Amy have stayed at home?Yes, she should have.No, he shouldn’t have.
11Do not write of instead of have. Pronunciation 1In informal speech, have in modal phrases is often pronounced like the word of.Joe might of taken out the trash.Joe might have taken out the trash.Do not write of instead of have.
12Pronunciation 2In informal speech, to in ought to is pronounced like the word a.Joe ought to have fed the cat.He ought to have trimmed the hedge.
13Practice 2 Example: You overslept and were late to work. Here are some problems you faced yesterday morning. What should you have done?Practice 2Example: You overslept and were late to work.1. According to the scale, you gained five pounds.2. You had no clean socks.3. There was no hot water.I ought to have set the alarm.4. You couldn’t find the car keys.I might have gone to bed earlier.5. You forgot to feed the dog.I shouldn’t have gone to that party!