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Thesis Statements. It is typically one sentence; however, sometimes you may needmore than one sentence.It states the main idea or argument of your essay.It.

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Presentation on theme: "Thesis Statements. It is typically one sentence; however, sometimes you may needmore than one sentence.It states the main idea or argument of your essay.It."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thesis Statements

2 It is typically one sentence; however, sometimes you may needmore than one sentence.It states the main idea or argument of your essay.It lets your reader know what to expect.It is the basis for your entire essay.It is the most important part of your essay.It is awesome (kinda ).

3 What does a thesis statement do? A thesis statement… provides the point you want to prove. Presents your argument in a concise form. gives the structure your essay will follow. can provide the opposite point of view.

4 Are there different types of thesis statements? Open vs. Closed An Open Thesis does not contain the body points. i.e. Everyone should drive a hybrid car. A Closed Thesis includes the body points. i.e. Everyone should drive a hybrid car because they pollute less, they get better mileage, and they help reduce gasoline costs.

5 Your thesis is the foundation of your essay The entire essay attempts to prove that your thesis is correct. Constantly refer back to your thesis to make sure that your essay is staying on track If you used a Closed Thesis, your body paragraphs should cover one of the points mentioned in your thesis. Your body paragraphs should go in the same order as the points they cover were mentioned in the thesis.

6 How do I write a thesis statement?

7 Just as E = mc²… Subject + Opinion = Thesis

8 Simple or Complex? A beginning THESIS STATEMENT: A is B. A better THESIS STATEMENT: A is B because of x, y, and z A more complex THESIS STATEMENT: Although C is D, A is B because of x, y, and z.

9 Thesis Formula Although, ________ because _,_____________ and _______________________. gasoline-powered cars are popular people should drive hybrid cars they cut down on pollution they save you money on gas, hybrid owners receive special tax breaks

10 _________________________ + __________________________ SubjectOpinion because _____________________________, _____________________________, reason 1 reason 2 _________________________________________ reason 3 Although _________________________________________________, counter argument (opposite of your opinion) the war on drugsis a travesty of justice sentencing laws are discriminatory more prisons than colleges are built and addition is treated as a crime rather than a disease. most politicians support ongoing funding for the DEA

11 Thesis Formula Although, ________ because _____. many people remain skeptical the govt should fund research on bigfoot compelling evidence suggests it exists

12 Simple or Complex? Examples: BASIC THESIS (just alright!): Community colleges are an important part of Californias educational system. MORE COMPLEX THESIS (much better!): Community colleges are an important part of Californias educational system because they are a more cost-effective way to attain a degree, classes are smaller, and they prepare students for the demands of University life.

13 Simple or Complex? Examples: VERY COMPLEX THESIS (perfect!!): Although many students want to go straight from high school to a four-year university, community colleges are an important part of Californias educational system because they are a more cost-effective way to attain a degree, classes are smaller than at most four-year universities, and they prepare students for the demands of University life.

14 A Few Examples The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was written by Mark Twain in Some people think that The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is Mark Twains best novel. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is Mark Twains best novel. Although some scholars argue that Huckleberry Finn is Twains crowning achievement, the Adventures of Tom Sawyer is Mark Twains best novel because of its use of satire, imagery, and symbolism. WEAK STRONG STRONGER

15 Once all necessary and relevant background knowledge is stated, it is typically then that a thesis statement can be declared in the last sentence of the introduction paragraph.

16 Try it!

17 Prompts What do you believe are the benefits of daily exercise? Are online courses better than traditional course? Why or why not? Do you believe that television has more of a negative or positive impact on society? Why or why not? What age do you think is more appropriate for someone to be able to get their drivers license, and why? What do you think should be the main priorities for Californias budget? Should marijuana be legalized in CA?

18 The Five Paragraph Essay Although dangerous martial arts beneficial because they teach discipline, patience, and character.

19 The Five Paragraph Essay In defense of the 5 paragraph essay Ill Effects of the Five Paragraph theme The length of your essaythe number of paragraphs, the sentences in each paragraph, etcdepends on the audience. Dont make the mistake of thinking that essays should only be five paragraphs long. Even if you list three points in your thesis, you may need 20 paragraphs to explain those three points.

20 Strategies for Introductions Controversial statement Rhetorical Question Story or anecdote Startling statistic Statement of popular opinion that is contradicted or shown to be untrue Comparison or analogy Rhetorical Devices: poetic, repetition, anticipation, emphasis

21 Introductions Scan some website, news sites, blogs, etc., and look for an article with an engaging introduction. What makes it engaging? Why do you want to read it?

22 Individual Work Exercise: Try it!

23 Group Work Exercise: Write the first few sentences of an introduction using rhetorical device(s). Topic: What would you change about Valley College?

24 Where Does the THESIS STATEMENT Go?

25 Strategies for Conclusion Aristotle, in The Rhetoric, tells us a good writer should do this in the conclusion: "make the audience well-disposed towards ourselves and ill-disposed to our opponent." Go beyond restating and/or summarizing. One way to achieve this is to explain the benefits if the audience accepts our view. It's a good opportunity to make inferences or predictions. Ask the audience to consider what would happen if they dont accept our point of view. Make a connection to society in general, the bigger picture, the human condition.


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