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Published byMiriam Hollingshed Modified over 2 years ago

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As you come in… Sign in (in back) and pick up Badge Name Card – on computer… Log in: Launch/Start Alice Any questions? (of any kind) DOWNLOADS FOR TODAY: CylinderStarter.a2w Online student textbook (at bottom of each page below) Module 9.2 Magnet World with Other Objects.a2w Module 9.4 SpaceShipGame.a2w

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Todays plan While loops (penguin race, timer) Create your own function with a parameter (timer) Compound boolean expressions and if statements – can solve same problem multiple ways Or – car magnet And – space ship take off

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Hint to getting while loops right Humans naturally think until Ill keep spending until I run out of money (balance <= 0) Ill keep dancing until I fall asleep Computers use while loops – the opposite Ill keep spending while I still have money (balance > 0) Ill keep dancing while I am not asleep While I have a dirty dish, Ill keep washing dishes

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Lets have a race… A Wind up penguin (he just goes) While loop with walk and spin inside it Jet-pack penguin2 (controlled by <- event) Moves forward.5 meters Race to a stop sign (within 2 meters) Whenever someone gets within 2 meters Stop looping (going)

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While loops in Alice tend to be used when… You have a user controlled (hence, not predictable) event So you dont know when the user might Click on an object Type a key, User types a number (pick a number between 1-10, etc. You have (not predictable) actions controlled by, for example, random numbers E.g. the lunchlady/zombie or fish/shark case

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When should we keep going? e.g. while loop expression true (P1: wind up, P2: jet pack) CasesABCD P1, P2 outsideTTTT P1 inside, P2 outsideTTTF P2 inside, P1 outsideTTFF P1, P2 insideTFFF

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Which while loop header (tile) would you use to control the going?

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Lets Build the Code! Download from Meeting 4: JetPackPenguinTeacherStart.a2w Plan: Explore object positions Create event that moves jet pack penguin 0.5 meters whenever is pushed. (Test) SIMPLIFY: Create loop that makes windup penguin move repeatedly (forever), 0.35 meters (at same time as walks and windupKey rolls 0.25 revolutions) CORRECT: change loop to have the game end (e.g. windup penguin stops walking) when either penguin wins (gets within 2 meters of stop sign) WHILE:_________________________________________

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Game keeps playing while… A. Either penguin is close to the stop sign B. Neither penguin is close to the stop sign What does the other one do?

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Useful tool: Timer Use: to count down time in a game 2 cylinder objects set on top of each other Grey is background Yellow is in front Yellow moves down a bit each time step (loop iteration) The game is over when the yellow cylinder is Distance to the ground >= cylinder height. (So while not, game is ongoing…)

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Timer Coding Plan SIMPLIFY: Loop forever (while true) move yellow cylinder down. COMPLETE: Loop should stop after yellow cylinder disappears – say should take 4 steps Hint: cylinder is 2 meters tall After loop: have 3-D Text (originally set to opacity 0) become visible saying Game Over IMPROVE: Regardless cylinder size, calculate how many steps before cylinder gone 10 steps? 4 steps? NEW PROGRAMMING CONCEPT: Functions – perform (complex) calculations

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Compound Boolean Expressions – OR Car Driving Game (watch video 9.2) Modify: Car should only turn to head towards MAGNETS One of the 4 magnets Two ways if…

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Compound Boolean Expressions – OR Car Driving Game Two ways if…

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Compound Boolean Expressions – OR Car Driving Game Two ways if…

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Compound Boolean Expressions – AND Spaceship takes off Space ship only takes off if all spheres are blue Two ways if…

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Compound Boolean Expressions – AND Spaceship takes off Two ways if…

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Compound Boolean Expressions – AND Spaceship takes off Two ways if…

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Functions: Calculate a Value and Return it. Hides away complex calculation When program executes that line/tile: change of control flow! Jump to code/function that does the calculation It returns the calculated value, which replaces the function call tile Finally, that line/tile is executed

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Examples you know Return number values: Move forward distanceTo Random Create our own – which return boolean values isAMagnet areBallsBlue

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Coming Up… Week 5: Compound Boolean Expressions and if statements and while loops Week 6: Functions, Mathematical expressions, parameters, methods Week 7: Functions, parameters, methods and events Week 8: Lists

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