2 Outlines are Essential to Effective Speeches An outline for a speech is like the blueprints to a new buildingAn outline helps:a speaker see the full scope and content of their speecha speaker judge whether each part of the speech is fully developedcreate a coherent structure/organization for the speech
3 Creating a Preparation Outline Preparation outline – a detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparationIncludes: title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliographyIts’ process: requires a speaker to bring together all the major elements of the speechWhat will be said in the introHow main points will be stated and supportedWhat will be said in the conclusion
4 Example Outline Introduction Main Point A Main Point B Conclusion SubpointSub-subpointSub-sub-subpointMain Point B1. Sub-subpoint2. Sub-subpointB. SubpointConclusionBody
5 Eight Guidelines for Effective Preparation Outlines 1.) State specific purpose2.) Identify central idea3.) Clearly label the introduction, body, and conclusion4.) Use a consistent visual framework - pattern of symbolization and indentation showing relationships among ideas5.) State main points and subpoints in full sentences6.) Label transitions, internal summaries, and internal previews7.) Attach the bibliography - list of sources used in preparing the speech8.) Provide a title
6 Creating a Speaking Outline Speaking outline - brief outline used to deliver a speechIts’ primary purpose is to help a speaker remember what to sayEspecially effective for extemporaneous speeches -- a speech that is thoroughly prepared and practiced in advanceThe specific wording, however, is selected as the speech is being delivered
7 Speaking Outline Content Key words and phrases from the preparation outlineEssential statistics and quotations the speaker does not want to forgetCues to direct and sharpen a speaker’s delivery
8 Four Guidelines for Effective Speaking Outlines 1.) Follow the same visual framework used in the preparation outline2.) Be legible3.) Be as brief as possible4.) Include delivery cues - directions for delivering key parts of a speech
9 Class Activity!As the defense attorney in a car theft case, you need to prepare your closing argument to the jury before it begins its deliberations. After reviewing evidence from the trial, you decide to stress the following points to demonstrate the innocence of your client.The stolen car was found abandoned 3 hours after the theft with the engine still warm, at the time the car was found, your client was at the airport to meet the flight of a friend who was flying into town.Lab analysis of muddy shoe prints on the floor mat of the car indicates that the prints came from a size 13 shoe; your client wears a size 10.Lab analysis shows the presence of cigarette smoke in the car, but your client does not smoke.The only eyewitness to the crime, who was 50 feet from the car, said the thief “looked like” you client, yet the eyewitness admitted that at the time of the theft he was not wearing his glasses, which had been prescribed for improving distance vision.The car was stolen at about 1 PM; your client testified that he was in a small town 250 miles away at 11 AM.In a statement to police, the eyewitness described the thief as blonde; your client has red hair.Compose an outline which organizes your speech into 3 main points, each with 2 subpoints.
10 For next time Reminder: No class Friday For Monday, July 9: Read chapters 7 & 8; Quiz on chapters 5-6, 9-11, and 15Informative speeches will be on Wednesday, July 11 & Friday, July 13You will be assigned your day on Monday, July 9Preparation outlines (bibliography included) due Monday, July 9Speaking outlines and bibliographies (if something changes from prep outline) due on the day you presentSpeech guideline and rubric available on Carmen… let’s take a look!