Presentation on theme: "2 Carolina Blue Skies Project A Clean Cities Recovery Act Project of the U.S. Department of Energy Project Leads Triangle Clean Cities Coalition Triangle."— Presentation transcript:
2 Carolina Blue Skies Project A Clean Cities Recovery Act Project of the U.S. Department of Energy Project Leads Triangle Clean Cities Coalition Triangle J Council of Governments Project Partners -Triangle Clean Cities -North Carolina Solar Center -Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition -Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition -Palmetto State Clean Fuel Coalition Project funding $31,513,885 -Clean Cities: $12 million -Matching Funds: $19.5 million Vehicles -26 neighborhood electric vehicles ( NEVs) -43 compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles -66 hybrid electric vehicles -357 propane vehicles Infrastructure -6 propane fueling stations -11 CNG fueling stations -15 biodiesel fueling stations -21 E85 fueling stations -112 electric vehicle charging stations Triangle Clean Cities Coalition
Carolina Blue Skies What is an NEV? 3 A Neighborhood Electric Vehicle (NEV) is a street-legal, battery-powered electric vehicle. Limited to roads with posted speed limits of 35 mph (60 km/h) or less. Runs at top speed of 25 mph (40 km/h) since it is defined within a category known as low-speed vehicles Well-suited for use in small communities and commercial complexes, and on campuses where getting from one point to another does not require highway access. Generally: Low speed vehicles may be licensed for street use if they have all required safety equipment (windshield with wiper, lights, horn, seatbelts). They do not have all the crash safety equipment of conventional vehicles. They are easy to operate- much like other cars and trucks. They are scaled down versions of conventional vehicles Vantage Crew Cab Truck
Carolina Blue Skies Advantages of an NEV 4 Zero tail pipe emissions Affordable transportation Supports local businesses, need to shop locally Saves money (1-3 cents a mile to operate, depending on the price of electricity per kilowatt-hour in your area) Very low-maintenance Small and maneuverable and may offer better access to worksite than a large vehicle Inexpensive insurance (about half the cost for gasoline cars) The Zebra sedan
NEVs Can Be Used For Landscape maintenance Mail service Maintenance Parking enforcement Shuttling passengers/visitors Security/law enforcement 5 Star Passenger Bus
Current Entities Successfully Using NEVs 6 UNC-Charlotte (97); Chapel Hill (19); Greensboro(30); Asheville (13) ; Wilmington (1) Cape Fear Community College (3) East Carolina University (8) Fayetteville State University (15) NC A & T State University(3) City of Asheville: Parking Enforcement (3); Central Business District Police (3); Public Works crews (1); Administration Mail Courier (1). South Carolina Bureau of Protective Services (2) NC Departments of: Agriculture & Consumer Services (4); Environment & Natural Resources (2); Health & Human Services (1); Transportation (1) Great Smoky Mountains National Park (2) A CT&T E-zone. It will be manufactured in Spartanburg, SC. Currently used by Bureau of Protective Services in Columbia, SC.
Carolina Blue Skies There are Several Top-Selling NEVs 7 Columbia ParCar eRide GEM Miles Star Vantage ZAP Zenn eRideGem Columbia ParCar NEVs come in many shapes, styles, and configurations Zenn
Carolina Blue Skies Battery tips- Lead Acid 8 Most NEVs use batteries that look much like your car battery- they are a bit different. Realize NEW batteries may take about 12 to 15 recharges before they hold a full charge. Lead acid batteries have no recharge memory meaning you do not have to be concerned as to how often and when you recharge. It is best for battery life not to discharge fully though- keeping 30% reserve is a good practice.
Carolina Blue Skies Batteries Need Understanding 9 Very high and very low temperatures may make your NEV seem sluggish. As temperature comes back to normal so will performance. Charge in a well ventilated area away from sparks or flame.
Carolina Blue Skies LOW Maintenance Does Not Mean NO Maintenance 10 Batteries need checking now and then Standard batteries should be topped up with distilled water Some manufactures offer a system to help- for example www.trojanbattery.com/flash/Hydrolink/lowres.html www.trojanbattery.com/flash/Hydrolink/lowres.html Maintenance-free batteries should be examined for damage and corrosion
Carolina Blue Skies Regular Maintenance 11 Tire pressure can seriously affect range of an EV- check them regularly Remember a tagged vehicle is subject to annual state inspection Always use the parking brake- the transmission will not hold on a hill Turn it off when you get out- since there is no noise it is easy to forget! Also turn off accessories Plug in when opportunity arises
GEMs Dash Controls Wheel Lock, Start switch Behind this panel are the fuse box and a master disconnect switch Remember log your mileage Defroster switch gear" selection Trip miles reset The Drivers seat is adjustable 13
Carolina Blue Skies Starting Off 14 Unplug it first! When you put the key in, turn the switch. Youll discover- nothing much happens. The lit instrument cluster may be the only clue the vehicle is ON. Release the parking brake, select a gear, push the accelerator and GO. The steering is not power assisted- being in motion makes it easier to turn the steering wheel. You will use the brake, but notice how lifting off the accelerator noticeably slows the car.
Carolina Blue Skies Rules of the Road Apply Driving Tips 15 Remember, it may look odd but it is a licensed vehicle: wear your seatbelt, have your license, obey the rules Claim your space in traffic, it is a small car Stay off roads with limits over 35mph. An NEV top speed is about 25mph. Be aware: pedestrians may not hear you Be sure to check with your local municipalities for any potential restrictions before purchasing an NEV.
Carolina Blue Skies Gear Selections 16 Some NEVs like Vantage and e-Ride simply have forward or reverse. Others such as Mega and GEM have a "high" and "low" range. Some brands have multiple gears to accommodate loads and hills. Gear selection in an EV is silent and simple. Usually reverse has an audible warning.
Carolina Blue Skies Things Youll Adjust to 17 Controls may seem simple and one switch may share functions. i.e. GEM horn is on the turn signal stalk along with the wiper control. Read the owners manual! Steering and brakes may be manual, not power Silent operation will startle people- be aware when approaching pedestrians or cyclists Plug in for the next time and make sure you have turned it off
Carolina Blue Skies Tips to Extend Driving Range 18 How far can you go? It all depends…. GEM is rated to go 30 to 35 miles between charging. Some go 50 to 60 miles. Plan ahead and dont drain the battery dead. Operating accessories (lights, fan, defroster) will draw current and reduce range. Going fast will draw current faster, reducing range- be smooth, youll go further. You dont always need to go 25 mph. Keep an eye on the green bars indicating charge left.
Carolina Blue Skies NEVs Can Attract Attention 19 It has a 7 hp DC motor, front wheel drive, with 6 - 12 volt maintenance free batteries (under the back seat) so, it is a 72 volt system It can be used in the rain It charges on 110v (household) current and may take 8 hours to fully charge NEVs can usually cover a work days travel requirements (at least 30 miles), and some go further Drivers should be prepared to educate the curious. Answers to sample FAQs about the NC Solar Center GEMe4:
Carolina Blue Skies NEVs in the U.S.-Leading the Way 20 NEVs are excellent choices for compact community driving and offer real value as an alternative to a full size gasoline vehicle. NEVs (and drivers) are also ambassadors to the coming fleet of full size EVs soon to be offered in the U.S. Every major manufacturer will be introducing plug- in electric vehicles (PEVs) over the next 1-3 years. Applications range from passenger vehicles to medium duty commercial vehicles.
Plug in Hybrid or Extended Range EVALL ELECTRIC Production Demo/Concept Ford Escape PHEV VW Golf TwinDrive Toyota FT-EV Mini-E Chrysler/Fiat EV Subaru R1e BMW Concept Hyundai Blue-WillVolvo C30Kia Ray Mercedes BlueCell Tesla Model S GM PHEV Chevrolet Volt Cadillac ConverjBYD 3DFM Toyota Prius ? Fisker Karma Mitsubishi iMIEV Ford Transit Connect Nissan Leaf ? ? Tesla Smart ED Ford Focus Slide; Progress Energy ; Mike Waters 21 Automaker Plug-in Plans
Slide compliments of Duke and Progress Energy 22 PEV forecast from 2007 EPRI-NRDC study PEV Adoption Forecasts Notes: 1.Includes hybrid vehicles Obama Administration has set a goal of achieving 1 million PEVs on the road in five years
PEV Charging 23 Commercial EV charging stations for J1772 plugs will expand significantly over the next fuel years. EVs will also come equipped with a trickle charger and standard plug to take advantage of opportunistic charging at a slower rate A standard for 120v and 240v vehicle charging has been set by SAE. J 1772 connector will be common among EVs in North America and Japan. It has 5 pins: 2 for AC power in, Ground, Proximity detection (car is connected and has not moved), control (for future communication needs) To reduce range anxiety for EVs public charging infrastructure is being installed on work, shopping centers, city parking lots and garages, airports, hotels, government offices, and other businesses.
PEV Charging Level 1 charging uses a common 120-volt, single- phase outlet for a three-prong grounded connector with ground-fault circuit interrupt and requires 8 to 20hours to fully charge a vehicle, depending on the EV and battery type. Advantage of Level 1 charging equipment is that it eliminates the need for upgrades to the current electrical service. Level 2 charging requires 4 to 8 hours, depending on the EV, battery type, and capacity. Electrical specifications include: - 208-240 volts ac single-phase maximum nominal supply - 32 amps maximum continuous current with 40 amps branch circuit protection Level 3 charging still in development, requires high voltage to replenish EV batteries in <30 min 24 NCSU Level 2 charger- J1722 plug on left; 110 volt outlet on right www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/vehicles/electric_charging_equipment.html#level2
Carolina Blue Skies Future Option: Rapid Charging 25 Commercial PEV refill fast as pumping gas? A design has not been standardized but there is hope for charging batteries rapidly at EV service pumps Nissan LEAF SL model includes a rapid charge connection next to the 240v
Carolina Blue Skies Regional Resources Clean Cities Coalitions – Triangle Clean Cities Coalition www.trianglecleancities.orgwww.trianglecleancities.org – Centralina Clean Fuels Coalition (Charlotte) www.4cleanfuels.comwww.4cleanfuels.com – Land of Sky Clean Vehicles Coalition (Asheville) www.landofsky.orgwww.landofsky.org – Palmetto State Clean Cities www.palmettocleanfuels.org/www.palmettocleanfuels.org/ North Carolina Solar Center www.cleantransportation.orgwww.cleantransportation.org Advanced Energy- NC Get Ready www.advancedenergy.org/transportation/programs_and_initiatives/nc_g etready.php www.advancedenergy.org/transportation/programs_and_initiatives/nc_g etready.php Plug In Carolina - www.plugincarolina.org/new_homewww.plugincarolina.org/new_home