Presentation on theme: "Is 2012 the year when the Volt and the Leaf become commonplace? Where can I charge my vehicle and how far will it go? Moderator: James Boyle- President."— Presentation transcript:
Presented by: Franklin J. Riesenburger, Esq. Pennsylvania | Philadelphia New Jersey | Cherry Hill Linwood Vineland Delaware | Wilmington Sustainability Symposium PA/NJ 2012 Electric Cars – The Future Is Now
Electric Cars – The Future Is Now Columbia was noted for early and mass production of electric cars. Through a series of bankruptcy and subsequent mergers, Columbia wound up in 1920 as part of the new Chrysler Motors Corporation.
Phase I Whether by changing stations or exchangeable batteries, the first phase of the electric car was from the late 1890s to WWI. During this time, electric automobiles were competing with petroleum fuel cars in an urban setting. Cities, such as NYC, had numerous charging stations available for electric automobiles. The first commercial application was in 1897 when a fleet of electrical NYC taxi cabs hit the streets.
Phase II The second significant phase of electric cars was the result of the energy crisis of the 1970s and 1980s. In the early 1990s, the California Air Resources Board began to push for more fuel efficient, lower emission vehicles with the ultimate goal of moving to zero emission vehicles, such as electric vehicles. During this phase, very few units were ever produced, sold, or released to the public; nearly all of them were destroyed.
Phase II Contd Some of these vehicles include: RAV4 EV EV1 Honda EV Plus Ford Electric Ranger Nissan Altra Chevrolet S-10 Electric Chrysler Epic Electric Minivan Phoenix Motorcars Sport Utility Truck Solectria Force Chevy S-10 Electric
Where Are We Now?
Phase III – The Future Is Now BMW Megacity BYD E6 Chevy Volt Coda (Electric Sedan) Ford Transit Connect Electric Mercedes BlueZero Mini E Mitsubishi iMiEV Nissan LEAF Pininfarina Blue Car Renault Fluence Smart ED Subaru R1E Toyota FT-EV Tesla Model S Tesla Roadster Think City Volvo C30 Electric Wheego Whip Life The eBox Aptera 2e Bad Boy Buggies BG C100 Dynasty IT Flybo or XFD-6000ZK GEM Kurrent Myers NmG Reva/G-Whiz Tango T600 VentureOne ZAP Xebra ZENN Car Electric cars are now available for purchase or exclusively by lease:
Plug-In Hybrids Plug-in Hybrids are now available for purchase or exclusively by lease: Chevy Volt Fisker Karma Ford Escape Plug-In Hybrid Volvo V70 Plug-in Hybrid Toyota Prius Plug-in Hybrid Mitsubishi PX-MiEV Ford C-MAX Energi
Hybrid Cars Hybrid cars are now available for purchase or exclusively by lease: Toyota Prius Liftback Honda Civic Hybrid Honda Insight Lexus CT 200h Toyota Camry Hybrid Ford Fusion Hybrid Ford Fusion Hybrid Lincoln MKZ Hybrid Honda CR-Z Hybrid Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Kia Optima Hybrid Lexus HS 250h Ford Escape Hybrid Lexus RX 450h Infiniti M35h Hybrid Buick LaCrosse eAssist Toyota Highlander Volkswagen Up! Concept Series Nissan Altima Hybrid Lexus GS 450h GMC Sierra Hybrid Mercedes ML 450 Hybrid Mercedes S400 BlueHybrid Volkswagen Touareg Hybrid Chevrolet Tahoe Hybrid Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid Lexus LS 600h L Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid Cadillac Escalade Hybrid GMC Yukon Hybrid BMW ActiveHybrid BMW X6 Hybrid Toyota Prius V Audi Q5 Hybrid Porsche Panamera S Hybrid Ford C-MAX Hybrid Toyota Sienna Hybrid Audi Q7 Hybrid
EV and CNG Fueling Stations in the Tri-State Area Pennsylvania 42 Electronic Charging Stations42 33 Compressed Natural Gas Stations New Jersey 84 Electronic Charging Stations84 24 Compressed Natural Gas Stations Delaware 0 Electric Car Charging Stations 1 Compressed Natural Gas Station Alternative Fueling Station Total Counts by State and Fuel Type Electric Car Charging and CNG Station Locator
Electric Vehicle Car Charging Stations Level II Single Port 208/240 V Service Dual Level II 208/240 V Simultaneous Service Community Multi-Level Dual Port 110/120 V and 208/240 V Simultaneous Service Park and Charge Station – Coming Soon
At Home Electric Vehicle Car Charging Stations Chevy Volt Specific Voltec $ Power Xpress $ ChargePoint – Only Available Through Incentive Programs Blink - Only Available Through Incentive Programs
Vehicle to Grid Concept The V2G technology concept, developed by the University of Delaware, allows users of electric, hybrid electric, and alternative fuel vehicles to sell back to the electric utility excess energy storage from their cars.
Sociology 101 As the experience in Phase III with electric cars, hybrids and plug-in hybrids plays out, the potential for a significant change in transportation using electric motors for propulsion will continue to be limited, as it has been, in the past, by a natural, individual and societal reluctance to change.
Sociology 101 Contd Pure and simple, not only is Phase III governed by financial considerations, the desire for independence from oil, but the limitations of society and its individuals to change behavior patterns The Future is Now is enjoying its best start ever over the course of at least 120 years of the development of electric propulsion vehicles. However, where it goes is very much up to you.
Questions? Franklin J. Riesenburger
Electric Vehicle Charging Stations for Commercial Properties Mark Pastrone, SemaConnect, Inc
Mass market electric vehicles have arrived - Nissan, GM, Toyota, Mitsubishi, Ford Why buy them? Cost Saving: Reduce fuel bills from 16 cents a mile to 3 cents a mile Performance: Excellent acceleration with constant torque Sustainability: Less pollution, reduce dependence on oil Ideal commuter car The New Mass-Market Electric Vehicles
The EV Industry is Expected to Grow Rapidly There has been a breakthrough in battery technology Lithium ion technology is driving this new industry Cost of battery: substantial reduction past 10 years Lifetime: 8 year, 100,000 mile warranties The mass market EV industry started December, 2010 Consumer demand has been strong All major auto makers are launching EVs Nissan Leaf Chevy Volt EV Industry is Technology Driven vs Government Driven
New Gas Pump is an Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Takes multiple hours to charge battery So need charging stations where cars are parked Electric Vehicle range is approximately 100 miles So want charging stations at office and on-the-road Electric Vehicles are popular commuter cars So want charging stations in metro regions Where Will Drivers Want to Charge ? Home Office On The Road Single Family Multifamily Parking Lots are the New Gas Stations
Power Levels Level I – 120V, 12 Amps Level II – 240V, 30Amps Fast Charging – 480V, Greater than 100Amps Time to Charge (for 100 mile range battery) Level I – 20 hours Level II – 4 to 8 hours Fast Charging – 20 minutes Standard Connector New connector called J1772, developed by Society of Automotive Engineers All major car companies have agreed to use Includes safety features to protect drivers and general public Overview of Electric Vehicle Charging Level II is Most Popular
Commercial Electric Vehicle Charging Value to Commercial Property Owners Environmental Value: Reduce carbon footprint, oil dependency Marketing Value: Enhance property value for tenants, customers Operational Value: EV charging will become expected Financial Value: Can generate income from charging services
Web-Based Driver Messaging Station Management Tools Electricity Metering Automatic Payment System Smartcard User Access SmartGrid Enabled Driver Host $ Commercial Charging Station Features
Two pole 40Amp breaker Install in low voltage 120/208 or 120/240 panels Dedicated circuit for each station Size wire to carry a maximum of 30Amps May want to increase conduit size for expansion May install 2 stations but have conduit ready for 6 Check on need for data cabling Some commercial systems require data cabling Permitting Permit authorities are increasingly treating charging stations as a traditional appliance Installation Requirements
Thank You! Questions? Mark Pastrone VP, Business Development (410) 384 – 4223
42 Community Energy, Inc. Electric Vehicle Charging Jay Carlis Vice President, Retail Division March 29, 2012
Clean energy market pioneer Experienced wind and solar developer Clean energy supplier to – 115,000+ residences and businesses – 21 utility green power programs Building a Clean Energy Future Community Energy
Bear Creek Wind Farm
Behind-the-Meter Solar Eastern University Solar
Wayne EV Charging Station
Public Charging Station Pilot Program
Why Electric Vehicles? 1/3 of smog-producing air pollution from cars 27% of U.S. CO2 emissions from transportation 35% of U.S. oil use for cars and trucks
Why Electric Vehicles? The Future of Transportation is Fuel Free with 100% Renewable Energy