# 1 Dudin Maxim Lyceum 130 Problem 5 Car. 2 Problem Build a model car powered by an engine using an elastic air-filled toy-balloon as the energy source.

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1 Dudin Maxim Lyceum 130 Problem 5 Car

2 Problem Build a model car powered by an engine using an elastic air-filled toy-balloon as the energy source. Determine how the distance travelled by the car depends on relevant parameters and maximize the efficiency of the car.

3 Investigation plan Investigate properties of toy-balloon drive Analyze movement of balloon-car Build the car Investigate the influence of relevant parameters on movement of car and maximize travel path Rate the energy efficiency

4 Pressure inside the balloon h Balloon usagePressure, Pа 13700 63500 93400 243300 Balloon Air pump Manometer

5 Movement of the car Nozzle Balloon Rolling friction force Drag force Air Reactive force

6 Efficiency

7 Car building To build the car, which will have the longest travel path we should: Reduce the friction Reduce the drag Use optimal nozzle Use optimal balloon Build a car with little mass and big wheel radius Build a car with little contact area between car and air This parameters will be investigated after first car building N f is the normal force

8 Car building Mass of the car is 76 gram Reference area (without balloon) is about 20 cm 2 Radius of the wheel is 1.5 cm Smaller radius of the wheel will cause slippage

9 Experiment We used: Equal value of balloon – 1,4 liter Finger to start the car Video and movement sensor 5 different nozzles

10 Investigation of influence of nozzle diameter

11 Explanation of nozzle efficiency little middle velocity little drag work big friction between walls of nozzle and moving air little friction between walls of nozzle and moving air big drag work not absolutely horizontal direction of air movement Optimal nozzle is nozzle with 10 mm diameter Small nozzleBig nozzle

12 Energy efficiency rate Energy efficiency is a ratio between sum of friction, drag and loses inside the nozzle to full balloon energy We should rate friction, air resistance and full energy of air inside the balloon

13 Experiment to rate the friction Friction force is 0,004 N Car without balloon

14 Experiment to rate the drag Car with half reference area (in comparison with pervious experiment)

15 Drag and friction rate Blue letters were found Green letters is results and constants of experiments We may find green letters from experiment with nozzles Drag work for car with 10 mm nozzle is 0,113 J Friction work for car with 10 mm nozzle is 0,028 J

16 Efficiency The biggest energy efficiency is 4,5 %, for car with 14 mm nozzle

17 Results of the research 3 parameters were investigated Friction Drag Nozzle Travel path was maximized Efficiency was rated

18 Air-resistance rate Dependence of drag work on maximum

19 Balloon optimization

20 Experiment to rate the air- resistance Car with half reference area (in comparison with pervious experiment)

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