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ACADEMIC STANDARDS OF REFERENCING AND CITATION Includes examples of referencing from books, periodical publications, and Internet for one, two and several.

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Presentation on theme: "ACADEMIC STANDARDS OF REFERENCING AND CITATION Includes examples of referencing from books, periodical publications, and Internet for one, two and several."— Presentation transcript:

1 ACADEMIC STANDARDS OF REFERENCING AND CITATION Includes examples of referencing from books, periodical publications, and Internet for one, two and several authors Gives examples of building up a list of references at the end of the text and the academic standards of referencing in the text

2 IMPORTANT! AVOID PLAGIARISM Do not be tempted to copy whole sentences and paragraphs from literature. This is regarded as theft and serious offence Cite other peoples ideas and acknowledge the source in the text Build-up a list of references at the end of the text

3 REFERENCES include author's name, complete title of the cited work, title of the source, volume, issue, year of publication, and pages cited.

4 Building up a list of references at the end of the text APA (American Psychological Association) style alphabetical listing by name Numerical listing /1/ /2/ /3/

5 Example 1: Books Smith, A.J. (1989). Database Booklet. New York: J.J. Press.

6 Example 2: Single author periodical publication. Smith, A.J. (1993). Databases and organizations. Database Ideology Review. 16(2), 1-15.

7 Example 3: Two authors periodical publication. Smith, A.J., & Brown, CJ. (1991). Organizations and Database Management. Data Source, 10(4),

8 Example 4:Multiple Authors periodical publication Chin, K.S., et al.(2004). Force-guided robot in automated assembly of mobile phone: overcoming component misalignment. Assemby Automation, Vol 24, Nr 1, pp , available from:

9 Example 5: using the source from the Internet Dragemark, A. (2004). The Use of Self Assessment in the LENTEC project.

10 Example 6:using the source from the Internet Mortimer, J.(2004). Adhesive bonding of car body parts by idustrial robot. Industrial Robot: An international Journal. Vol 31, Nr 5. pp Available from:

11 referencing in the text superscript numbers/ numbers in parentheses: Results of laboratory tests/1,2/ have shown discipline specific: mathematics, mechanics authors name, year of publication The case of shrinkage has been treated successfully by Miller (1998), (see also Straubing, 1999) discipline specific: social sciences, some natural sciences

12 Referencing in the text Example 1: one source only Brown (1989) states that the value of data is recognized by most organizations.

13 referencing in the text Example 2: two sources In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major resource (Brown, 1992; Smith, 1993).

14 Quotations in the text Example 1: Brown (1989) states that "the value of data is realized by most organizations" (p. 45).

15 Quotations in the text Example 2: "In most organizations, data resources are considered to be a major organization asset" (Smith, 1993, pp ) and must be carefully monitored by the senior management.


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