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Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company1 What is it? Company.

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Presentation on theme: "Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company1 What is it? Company."— Presentation transcript:

1 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company1 What is it? Company cars or plans that reimburse expenses for use of personal cars are not employee benefits as such since purpose is not to compensate employee Employers policy regarding business use of cars is often regarded as part of the employers fringe benefit package

2 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company2 Possible Arrangements Business Use of Cars –Company car –Reimbursement plan –No plan Note, for self-employed, all business related car expenses are tax deductible

3 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company3 Company Car - When is it Indicated? When employees use a car substantially for business or commuting Fringe benefit for selected executives

4 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company4 Company Car Advantages 1.A company car can maximize tax benefits for an employee 2.Company retains maximum control over cars used by employees

5 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company5 Company Car Disadvantages 1.Company bears capital investment costs of car ownership 2.Substantial administrative costs

6 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company6 Company Car - Tax Treatment of Employer As car owner, employer entitled to deductions for depreciation and expenses Under employer reporting, employer can either: -report entire value of car availability on employee W-2; or -employee claims as deduction for business

7 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company7 Reimbursement Plans and No Plans 1.Accountable plan - employee must account for expenses to employer return excess reimbursement 2.Nonaccountable plan - employee doesnt account for expenses or employee keeps excess reimbursements

8 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company8 Reimbursement Plans and No Plans 3.No plan –employer does not directly reimburse –employee responsible for paying expenses –employee entitled to any deduction for expenses

9 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company9 Reporting W-2 reporting by employer in certain situations Employee determines deductible amount (Form 2106 or Form EZ) and claims as miscellaneous itemized deduction to extent exceed 2% employee adjusted gross income Self-employed compute and enter car expense on Schedule C, no 2% of adjusted gross income limitations

10 Company Car or Reimbursement Plan Chapter 53 Employee Benefit & Retirement Planning Copyright 2009, The National Underwriter Company10 Discussion Questions 1.What types of getting to work trips are business expenses rather than commuting expenses? 2.Why is it advantageous for a car to be used more than 50% of the time for business rather than 50% or less? 3.When is it advantageous to use the standard mileage rate rather than exact expenses?


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