Presentation on theme: "Car Sharing: Strategies for Sustainability January 8, 2008 American Planning Association."— Presentation transcript:
Car Sharing: Strategies for Sustainability January 8, 2008 American Planning Association
Presentation Overview I. Intro to Car Sharing and I-GO II. Why is Car Sharing Important? III. Results IV. Car Sharing and Planning V. The Future
What is Car Sharing? Fleets of neighborhood-based cars are available to members at hourly rates Pricing includes insurance, gas, and maintenance Computer-based reservation system Smart card self-service car access Trip starts and ends at dedicated parking space
I-GO Program Non-profit, started by Center for Neighborhood Technology in cars and growing 32 neighborhoods in Chicago and two suburbs-committed to serving all neighborhoods individual members 100% low emission cars Serve individuals, businesses, government, five universities, and a variety of organizations
Smart card entry
Members get where they need to go.. I-GO is great for visiting friends and family and its a lot less expensive than owning a car.
Members save money The savings are incredible. I love this program so much it is just the best thing for personal, environmental and economical purposes." Cara Martin Howard and family, members since March 2005"
Car Sharing Industry Today
Different Business Models of Carsharing Extension of Public Transit Environmental cars Serve all communities Local Less expensive Build community for solving social problems Extension of car rental Fun cars Young and Yuppie Market International Chains Higher priced Build community to increase return for investors
Section II: Why is Car Sharing Important?
I am my car
How do we use valuable real estate?
Climate Change Science: The Basics
Travel Matters: US Transportation and Global Emissions Cars and light trucks emit 59% of the CO2 in USA Transportation 33% in US Other 67%
Sprawl is Expensive In the green areas, households own one less car than the regional average Saves $400 per household per month Boosts disposable income % for bottom two income quintiles
Where We Build Matters: Poor Locations Drive Up Emissions and Costs
Section III Results
I-GO Impacts on Travel Each car replaces 17 private cars –Almost half of members sell or postpone purchasing a car –84% have no household vehicle now Biking, walking, and transit use increases Driving decreases dramatically, by 87% Less pollution and greenhouse gas –Replaced 3000 cars –7,823 metric tons of CO2 –26 metric tons of NOx –18 metric tons of VOCs
As We Grow When the Number of I-Go Cars is ,000 We Expect Measured Reduction s in Private Vehicles 1717,000170,000 Annual VMT in Millions ,350 VOCs in Metric Tons ,000 NOx in Metric Tons ,000 CO2 in Metric Tons ,255652,550
Section IV Car Sharing and Planning
TODs and Car Sharing –Developer provides parking spaces and marketing for car sharing program –Great amenity for residents –Can be condos or rentals –Can reduce total number of required spaces Vancouver BC– 3 spaces per project
Benefits for Development Less parking demand LEED credits in 3 categories Amenity for residents and employers Reduces local traffic & pollution If parking requirements are reduced: Lower development costs Lower housing prices Site plan more flexible More room for units, open space, & amenities
LEED Points LEED New Construction 2.2 –Sustainable Sites: Alternative Transportation, Alternative Fueling Stations –Alternative Transportation, Parking Capacity –Innovation Credit LEED ND –Reducing parking demand
I-GO Developer Program Developer commits parking and marketing I-GO provides vehicles on 2 year contract Reduce required parking spaces Benefits of car sharing are built in to land use and title City can potentially provide on street spots at developments
On street parking
Vancouver BC (3:1 ratio for car sharing) San Francisco (requires car sharing) Seattle, WA Arlington County, VA Berkeley, CA * All have lower standard parking requirements than Chicago Leaders
Parking Cash Out: Large projects University of Chicago –Provide free car sharing memberships to staff and faculty who agree to forego a parking pass –Subsidize transit pass –Provide guaranteed ride home
Results of Implementation Lower development and housing costs Less local traffic, congestion, and emissions City captures long-term benefits by reducing parking and increasing amenities
Fleet Programs I-GO Pilot –Two cars at Lake and Franklin –Department permission use any car in fleet
Section V The Future
One Car Share Car per square block 112 cars per square mile 37 users per car 4144 users per square mile, 915,824 users citywide Savings per user = 5,064 VMT/year Savings per user = Metric Tons of CO2 equivalent per year Total annual savings = 1.62 Million MT
Extensions of Car Sharing One way rentals Bike sharing Social networking Ride sharing Carpool/carshare Mobility passes Government/business fleet sharing New types of vehicles Rapid campus expansion