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Aurélien Duret Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Young Researchers Seminar 2009 Torino, Italy, 3 to.

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Presentation on theme: "Aurélien Duret Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Young Researchers Seminar 2009 Torino, Italy, 3 to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aurélien Duret Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Young Researchers Seminar 2009 Torino, Italy, 3 to 5 June 2009

2 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Context Empirical evidence = traffic stream is heterogeneous Developpement of microscopic models Need to know the drivers behavior distribution Need some microscopic data (trajectories)

3 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June I80, USA (NGSIM Program) x t Lane Id Vehicle Id Position Time Leader Id Follower Id Class /Length Vehicle width ExitInsertionHeavy vehicleShockwavesFluid area IdentificationTrajectorySurrounding conditionsGeometric characteristics

4 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June space Large gapfree-flow (i) (i+1) Car-following model

5 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June space Car-following model Small gapCongestion (i) (i+1)

6 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Car-following model time space (i) (i+1)

7 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Car-following model time space (i) (i+1)

8 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June NEWELL Car-following model Spacing Speed Spacing 0 (i) (i+1)

9 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June A MoE1 d tau MoE1(tau i ) tau i MoE1(tau i ) A First method d

10 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June A MoE1 d tau MoE1(tau i ) tau i MoE1(tau i ) tau i First method

11 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June A MoE1 d tau MoE1(tau i ) tau i MoE1(tau i ) tau i First method

12 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE1 A d tau MoE1(tau i ) tau i MoE1(tau i ) tau i First method

13 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June tau A MoE1 d tau MoE1(tau i ) First method

14 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE 1 tau tau 1 * A d d1*d1* d 1 * tau 1 * w 1 * First method

15 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June tau(w 2 *) w* u u u tau(w 2 *)=constant std(tau)=0 tau 2 *=mean(tau(w 2 *)) Second method

16 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June tau(w) w tau(w)=variable std(tau)0 u u u MoE 2 (w)= std(tau(w,u)) tau(w) Second method

17 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE w w2*w2* d 2 * tau 2 * w 2 * tau 2 *= mean(tau(w 2 *)) Second method

18 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Two pairs of trajectories 5 stop-&-go shockwaves Travel time : 150s No stop-&-go shockwave Travel time : 65s Couple1 Couple2

19 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE1 Couple1 Couple2

20 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE2 Couple1 Couple2

21 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE1 & MoE2 Couple1Couple2 d1*d1*tau 1 *w1*w1*d2*d2*tau 2 *w2*w2* First method Second method Efficiency?Accuracy?

22 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Efficiency MoE MoE* More efficient! Parameter

23 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Accuracy MoE* 1.05 x MoE* 5%-LoA MoE Parameter

24 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June MoE* 1.05 xMoE* 5%-LoA More accurate! Accuracy MoE Parameter

25 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Couple1Couple2 MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) First method 1.8m3.4 m/s1.2m 4.4 m/s Second method 11%2.8 m/s7% 3.8 m/s 1 : the LoA has been normalized Comparison

26 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Couple1Couple2 MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) First method 1.8m3.4 m/s1.2m 4.4 m/s Second method 11%2.8 m/s7% 3.8 m/s 1 : the LoA has been normalized The second method is more accurate! Comparison

27 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Couple1Couple2 MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) First method 1.8m3.4 m/s1.2m 4.4 m/s Second method 11%2.8 m/s7% 3.8 m/s 1 : the LoA has been normalized Both methods are more accurate for couple1 Comparison

28 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Couple1Couple2 MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) MoE*LoA 1 (Interval width) First method 1.8m3.4 m/s1.2m 4.4 m/s Second method 11%2.8 m/s7% 3.8 m/s 1 : the LoA has been normalized Both methods are more efficient for couple2 Comparison

29 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Identify a simple CF-model consistent with observations Explore two methods for estimating individual parameters Compare of the results in terms of efficiency and accuracy Conclusion

30 IntroductionDataMethodologyResults Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June Distribution (method2)

31 Measurement of variability involved in the car-following rules Aurélien Duret ECTRI – FEHRL – FERSI Young Research Seminar 2009, Torino, 3-5 June REFERENCES [Ahn2004]Soyoung Ahn, Michael J. Cassidy and Jorge Laval (2004). Verification of a simplified car-following theory. Transp Res. 38B, pp [Cassidy1998]Cassidy, M.J. and Windover, J.R. (1998). Driver memory: motorist selection and retention of individualized headways in highway t raffic. Transp Res. 32A, pp. 129–137. [Chiabaut2009a]Chiabaut, N., Leaclercq, L. and Buisson, Ch. (2009). From heterogeneous drivers to macroscopic pattern in congestion. Accepted for publication in Transp. Res B. [Chiabaut2009b]Chiabaut, N., Buisson, Ch. And Leclercq, L. (2009). Fundamental diagram estimation through passing rate measurements in congestion, accepted to publication in IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems. [Duret2008]Duret, A., Buisson, Ch. and Chiabaut, N. (2008). Estimation individual speed-spacing relationship and assessing the Newell's car-following model ability to reproduce trajectories. Transportation Research Record. [Hoogendoorn2005]Hoogendoorn S.P., and Ossen S. (2005). Parameter estimation and analysis of car-following models. Proceedings of the 16th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (H.S. Mahmassani, ed.), 2005, pp [Newell1993]Newell, G.F. (1993). A simplified theory of kinematic waves in highway traffic I-General Theory II-Queueing at freeway bottlenecks III- Multi-destination flows. Transp. Res. 27B, pp. 281–313. [Newell2002]Newell, G.F. (2002). A simplified car-following theory: a lower order model. Transport. Res. 36B, pp. 195–205. [NGSIM]http://www.ngsim.fhwa.dot.gov/ [Ossen2008] Ossen, S. and Hoogendoorn, S., Validity of Trajectory-Based Calibration Approach of Car-Following Models in Presence of Measurement Errors. Transportation Research Board 87 th annual meeting 2008, Paper # , Washington D.C., USA. [Ossen2009]Ossen, S. and Hoogendoorn, S., Reliability of Parameter Values Estimated Using Trajectory Observations. Transportation Research Board 88 th annual meeting 2009, Paper # , Washington D.C., USA. Thank you!!!


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