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Smart Cars By Michio Kaku. Time allotment Warming Up Text Explanation Writing strategy of Resume.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart Cars By Michio Kaku. Time allotment Warming Up Text Explanation Writing strategy of Resume."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart Cars By Michio Kaku

2 Time allotment Warming Up Text Explanation Writing strategy of Resume

3 Warming Up Automobile ( ) Car ( ) ( ) Sedan ( )

4 Types of Automobile Convertible SUV-Sports Utility Vehicle Off-road vehicle Sports Coupe

5 Types of Automobile MPV-Multi-Purpose Vehicle Classical car Recreational Car Conceptual Car Pick-up ( )

6 Automobile Brands Ferrari Citreoen Peugeot Mitsubishi Honda Toyota Porsche Chevrolet Volkswagen Ford Buick Lamborghini Rolls Royce BMW-Bavarian Motor Works Jaguar Benz Hummer ( ) Cadillac the Cadillac of sth

7 Brainstorming What functions do you think a smart car should have? Discuss and list Lets take a look at an intelligent car in a movie.

8 Unit 2 Text A Smart Cars Excerpted from Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21 st CenturyExcerpted from Visions: How Science Will Revolutionize the 21 st Century Michio KakuMichio Kaku An internationally recognized authority in theoretical physics and environmentAn internationally recognized authority in theoretical physics and environment A professor of theoretical Physics at the City College and Graduate Center of City University in New YorkA professor of theoretical Physics at the City College and Graduate Center of City University in New York

9 Smart Cars Text Organization Part One(Paras 1-3)Part One(Paras 1-3) Part Two(Paras 4-9)Part Two(Paras 4-9) Part Three(Paras 10-13)Part Three(Paras 10-13)

10 Part One, Paragraph 2 Language Points Lucrative (L4): adj. producing much money syn.profitableLucrative (L4): adj. producing much money syn.profitable -lucrative business / market / contract / job The lobbies of Baghdad's five-star hotels are packed with businessmen fighting over lucrative contracts. There is still an illegal but lucrative trade in ivory between Africa and South-East Asia.

11 Part One, Paragraph 2 Language Points presently (L5): adv. especially American English at the present time, (syn.-now); in a short time, (syn-soon)presently (L5): adv. especially American English at the present time, (syn.-now); in a short time, (syn-soon) -This is a relatively clean source of energy compared to presently available nuclear power. -Tea will be served presently.

12 Part One, Paragraph 2 Language Points Manufacture (L7): v. 1) make goods on a large scale using machineryManufacture (L7): v. 1) make goods on a large scale using machinery -The car was designed, developed, and manufactured in collaboration with Honda. 2) n. -During World War II, steel supplies were used in the manufacture of weapons. -This country imports many foreign manufactures. (pl) Cf- manufacturer

13 Part One, Paragraph 3 Background Information ITS (L13): Intelligent transportation systems; eITS (L13): Intelligent transportation systems; encompass a broad range of wireless and wireline communications-based information, control and electronics technologies. -Functions of ITS: Help monitor and manage traffic flow Reduce congestion Provide alternate routes to travelers Enhance productivity Save lives, time and money. -Examples of Intelligent transportations systems include: Advanced Traveler Information Systems Advanced Traffic Management Systems Incident Management Systems

14 Part One, Paragraph 2 Exercise L4: The automobile industry ranks as among the most lucrative and powerful industries… =rank as one of …L4: The automobile industry ranks as among the most lucrative and powerful industries… =rank as one of … Rank as / among Today's match ranks as one of the most exciting games that these two have ever played. We rank among the safest countries in the world.Rank as / among Today's match ranks as one of the most exciting games that these two have ever played. We rank among the safest countries in the world. -Double prepositionEx P52

15 Part One Question How important was the automobile industry in the twentieth century? How important was the automobile industry in the twentieth century? What will happen to cars and roads in the twenty-first century?What will happen to cars and roads in the twenty-first century? Main idea of Part One:Main idea of Part One: New technology will have a dramatic impact on cars and highways in the 21 st century. New technology will have a dramatic impact on cars and highways in the 21 st century.

16 Part Two, Paragraph 4 Language Points eliminate (L19): v. to completely get rid of sth. that is unnecessary or unwanted; to defeat a team or person in a competitioneliminate (L19): v. to completely get rid of sth. that is unnecessary or unwanted; to defeat a team or person in a competition ~ sth: eliminate a need/possibility/risk/problem~ sth: eliminate a need/possibility/risk/problem -The credit card eliminates the need for cash or checks. eliminate sth/sb from stheliminate sth/sb from sth -Their team was eliminated from the World Cup in the first round. Cf-Select the superior and eliminate the inferior (survival of the fittest)

17 Part Two, Paragraph 4 Language Points vapor (L21): n.vapor (L21): n. -The atmosphere always contains some moisture in the form of water vapor. in the air (L21): in the earths atmosphere; if a feeling is in the air, a lot of people feel it at the same timein the air (L21): in the earths atmosphere; if a feeling is in the air, a lot of people feel it at the same time Or be (up) in the air: uncertain, not yet decidedOr be (up) in the air: uncertain, not yet decided -There is a strong smell of burning in the air before the eruption of the volcano. -There was a sense of excitement in the air. -Our trip is still very much (up) in the air. Cf- be on / off (the) air / Cf- be on / off (the) air / put on airs airs and graces put on airs airs and graces

18 Part Two, Paragraph 4 Language Points start up (L21): if an engine, car etc starts up, or you start it up, it begins working;start up (L21): if an engine, car etc starts up, or you start it up, it begins working; if you start up a business, company etc, or it starts up, it begins to exist; if you start up a business, company etc, or it starts up, it begins to exist; if a sound, activity, or event starts up, it begins to exist or happen; if a sound, activity, or event starts up, it begins to exist or happen; -Tax breaks help new companies start up. -The anti-virus icon should appear whenever you start up your computer.

19 Part Two, Paragraph 4 Language Points alert (L22) v. alert sb; alert sb to sthalert (L22) v. alert sb; alert sb to sth -One fireman alerted the residents and helped them to safety. -Campaigns have been carried out to alert the public to the dangers of HIV. adj. be alert to sth. -The authorities should have been alert to the possibility of invasion. n. be on the alert for sth. / sb. -Be on the alert for anyone acting suspiciously. on full alert / on high alert (=completely ready to deal with a dangerous situation) on full alert / on high alert (=completely ready to deal with a dangerous situation)

20 Part Two, Paragraph 4 Background Information The latest personal police system that prevents drunk drivingThe latest personal police system that prevents drunk driving

21 Part Two, Paragraph 5 Background Information Blind spot (L27): 1) the part of road that a driver cannot see from the rear-view mirrorBlind spot (L27): 1) the part of road that a driver cannot see from the rear-view mirror 2) sth that you are unable or unwilling to understand I have a blind spot where computers are concerned. 2) sth that you are unable or unwilling to understand I have a blind spot where computers are concerned.

22 Part Two, Paragraph 6 Language points prototype (L29): n. the first model or design of sth. from which other forms are copied or developedprototype (L29): n. the first model or design of sth. from which other forms are copied or developed -Bell uttered to his assistant the words, Mr. Watson, come here; I want you, using a prototype telephone.

23 Part Two, Paragraph 6 Language points monotonous (L31): adj. boring because of always being the samemonotonous (L31): adj. boring because of always being the same -Robots are used in repetitive, monotonous tasks in which human performance might degrade over time. -The explorers lived on monotonous diet of rice and vegetables.

24 Part Two, Paragraph 6 Language points grossly (L32): adv. extremelygrossly (L32): adv. extremely -Medical records were found to be grossly inadequate. Cf- gross adj. 1) ant.– net Gross profit / weight GDP GNP Gross profit / weight GDP GNP 2) clearly wrong and unacceptable soldiers accused of gross violations of human rights soldiers accused of gross violations of human rights

25 Part Two, Paragraph 6 Language points hazard (L33): n. a danger or riskhazard (L33): n. a danger or risk Hazard to/for sth. -Polluted water sources are a hazard to wildlife. health/safety hazard - The lead in old paints is a real health hazard. Cf.- hazardous adj. be hazardous to health

26 Part Two, Paragraph 6 Language points train sth on/at sb/sth. (L34): aim sth such as a gun or camera at sb or sthtrain sth on/at sb/sth. (L34): aim sth such as a gun or camera at sb or sth -She trained her binoculars on the bird. -Train ones gun on the enemy

27 Part Two, Paragraph 7 Language points Get/be stuck in sth. (L38): impossible or unable to move; informal unable to escape from a bad or boring situationGet/be stuck in sth. (L38): impossible or unable to move; informal unable to escape from a bad or boring situation -Getting stuck in the traffic for two hours, John was late for his first date with Annie. -Mum resented being stuck at home with two young kids.

28 Part Two, Paragraph 7 Cultural Notes Navstar- 24 navigation satellitesNavstar- 24 navigation satellites GPS- Global Positioning SystemGPS- Global Positioning System

29 Part Two, Paragraph 7 Exercise They make it possible (L43): review the sentence structurev + it + adj. + to do sth.They make it possible (L43): review the sentence structurev + it + adj. + to do sth. it: used as object of a verb when the real object is later in the sentenceit: used as object of a verb when the real object is later in the sentence -P52 structure exercise

30 Part Two, Paragraph 7 Language points vibrate (L46): v. (cause sth to) move rapidly and continuously backwards and forwards; shakevibrate (L46): v. (cause sth to) move rapidly and continuously backwards and forwards; shake -The floor was vibrating to the beat of the music. -Microwave ovens operate by agitating the water molecules in the food, causing them to vibrate, which produce heat. -Cf- n. vibration

31 Part Two, Paragraph 8 and 9 Language points convert (L52): v. to change sth into a different form of thing, or to change sth so that it can be used for a different purpose or in a different wayconvert (L52): v. to change sth into a different form of thing, or to change sth so that it can be used for a different purpose or in a different way Convert sth. into/to sthConvert sth. into/to sth -Stocks can be easily converted to cash. -Solar cooking requires a dark pot to absorb the suns rays and convert them into heat energy. -Cf- adj. convertible a convertible currency a convertible sofa

32 Part Two, Paragraph 9 Background information Japans smart car system Associated Press December 27, 2004Japans smart car system Associated Press December 27, 2004 Our Country V-type Smart Car by Qinghua UniversityOur Country V-type Smart Car by Qinghua University

33 Part Two, Paragraph 8 and 9 Language points Correlate (L54): v. have a mutual relationship or connection, in which one thing affects or depends on anotherCorrelate (L54): v. have a mutual relationship or connection, in which one thing affects or depends on another Correlate (strongly/significantly/closely) with/to sthCorrelate (strongly/significantly/closely) with/to sth -Poverty and poor housing correlate with a shorter life expectancy. -Obesity correlates closely with increased risk of stroke. -Cf- n. correlation There is a direct correlation between the best-known brands and the best-selling brands.

34 Part Two Text Organization Functions brought by Advanced technologyFunctions brought by Advanced technology eliminate traffic accidents warn of traffic jams determine cars precise locations Paras 4-6 drunk electronic sensors drunk electronic sensors driving warning radars driving warning radars sleepy driving monitoring camera sleepy driving monitoring camera Paras 7 Paras 8-9 time taken for signal from satellite to arrive time taken for signal from satellite to arrive rotations in the steering wheel and position on map rotations in the steering wheel and position on map sensors in cars tuned to radio signals from Navstar for traffic jams sensors in cars tuned to radio signals from Navstar for traffic jams Main idea of part twoMain idea of part two

35 Part Three, Paragraph 10 Language points drastically (L56): adv. Drastic adj: extreme and sudden, having a strong or violent effectdrastically (L56): adv. Drastic adj: extreme and sudden, having a strong or violent effect -The size of the government was drastically cut. ( ) -Drastic changes are needed if environmental catastrophe is to be avoided.( ) -NATO threatened drastic action if its terms were not met.( )

36 Part Three, Paragraph 10 Language points Be poised to (L57): be ready to take action at any momentBe poised to (L57): be ready to take action at any moment -The automobile company is poised to launch its new advertising campaign. -The company seems poised for success. -The economy is poised on the edge/brink of collapse.

37 Part Three, Paragraph 10 Language points explode (L58): v. 1) to suddenly increase greatly in number, amount, or degree syn.-rocketexplode (L58): v. 1) to suddenly increase greatly in number, amount, or degree syn.-rocket -Florida's population exploded after World War II. 2) to suddenly express strong feelings such as anger -He told a joke which made Hank explode with laughter.

38 Part Three, Paragraph 11 Exercise telematics (L62): abbreviation Exercise P49 Word Formationtelematics (L62): abbreviation Exercise P49 Word Formation Abbreviation InitialismWTO, WHO Acronym NATO, APEC, AIDS ClippingAd, lab, math BlendingSmog, motel

39 Part Three, Paragraph 11 Cultural Notes Highway (L63):Highway (L63): ExpresswayExpressway Underground / subwayUnderground / subway Light rail (elevated railway)Light rail (elevated railway) Inner-ring roadInner-ring road Outer-ring roadOuter-ring road Elevated road; viaductElevated road; viaduct Over-passOver-pass Mag-lev train: Magnetically levitated trainMag-lev train: Magnetically levitated train

40 Part Three, Paragraph 11 Language Points mount (L65): v. 1) to fix (sth.) in position for use, display or studymount (L65): v. 1) to fix (sth.) in position for use, display or study The ship mounts eight cannons.The ship mounts eight cannons. 2) go up stairs A car suddenly mounted the pavement to avoid a vehicle coming in the opposite direction.A car suddenly mounted the pavement to avoid a vehicle coming in the opposite direction. 3) to plan, organize, and begin an event or a course of action Guerrillas have mounted an attack on the capital.Guerrillas have mounted an attack on the capital. 4) to increase gradually in amount or degree Casualties on both sides of the battle have continued to mount.Casualties on both sides of the battle have continued to mount.

41 Part Three, Paragraph 12 Language Points magnetic (L70): adj. having the properties of a magnetmagnetic (L70): adj. having the properties of a magnet magnetic forcemagnetic force magnetic fieldmagnetic field magnetic personality/charm (qualities that make other people feel strongly attracted to you)magnetic personality/charm (qualities that make other people feel strongly attracted to you) -To be a successful businessman you must be enthusiastic and magnetic.

42 Part Three, Paragraph 12 Language Points bunch (L71): v. group together (both active and passive)bunch (L71): v. group together (both active and passive) bunch together, bunch upbunch together, bunch up -They bunched together to allow others to squeeze into the crowded elevator. cf- n. cf- n. -a bunch of flowers / keys / grapes -a bunch of people = a group of people

43 Part Three, Paragraph 13 Language Points incorporate (L75): v. to include sth as part of a group, system, plan etcincorporate (L75): v. to include sth as part of a group, system, plan etc incorporate sth. into/in sth.incorporate sth. into/in sth. -We've incorporated many environmentally- friendly features into the design of the building. -They laid down a health club incorporating a gym, sauna and steam room.

44 Part Three, Paragraph 13 Language Points boon (L79): n. sth that is very useful and makes your life a lot easier or betterboon (L79): n. sth that is very useful and makes your life a lot easier or better -A recently acquired photo-copier has proved a great time-saving boon for note taking. -Torontos loss is a boon to the other candidate cities hoping to host the 2012 Summer Olympics. -boon companion: literary a close friend -boon companion: literary a close friend

45 Part Three Questions What technology is used in building smart highways?What technology is used in building smart highways? What are the advantages of smart highways?What are the advantages of smart highways? Main idea of Part Three:Main idea of Part Three: GPS and telematics will make it possible to build smart highways, which will benefit us in more than one way.GPS and telematics will make it possible to build smart highways, which will benefit us in more than one way.

46 Writing Strategy How to write a resume A resume is a concise business-style report that displays your job qualifications to a prospective employer. Typically, information is grouped under six headings. P69A resume is a concise business-style report that displays your job qualifications to a prospective employer. Typically, information is grouped under six headings. P69 -Headings -Employment Objective -Education -Employment Experience -Professional Interests -References

47 Writing Strategy How to write a resume Some tips:Some tips: -Keep your resume brief and to the point -Try to fit your resume on one page. Use two pages only if your experience is extensive -Avoid personal pronouns (dont use I) -If you are using the chronological format, list your most recent experience -If you are using the skills format, begin with your strongest and most relevant experience

48 Writing Strategy How to write a resume Useful websites for job-hunting :Useful websites for job-hunting : -www.zhaopin.com.cnwww.zhaopin.com.cn -www.51job.com.cn Has a printed newspaper named career post (Qian Cheng weekly)www.51job.com.cn -www.china-hr.comwww.china-hr.com -www.1stjob.net the target reader is graduate studentwww.1stjob.net -www.onchina.comwww.onchina.com -www.chinacareer.comwww.chinacareer.com -www.jobcenter.com.cn focus on IT talent, links to other job-hunting web sitewww.jobcenter.com.cn -www.hr.com.cnwww.hr.com.cn

49 Exercises Multiple ChoicesMultiple Choices


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