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Supporting students on placement: developing observational skills using mobile technology Sue Sentance, Philip Howlett, Debbie Holley, Mark Miller and.

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Presentation on theme: "Supporting students on placement: developing observational skills using mobile technology Sue Sentance, Philip Howlett, Debbie Holley, Mark Miller and."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Supporting students on placement: developing observational skills using mobile technology Sue Sentance, Philip Howlett, Debbie Holley, Mark Miller and Catherine Lee Department of Education Learning and Teaching Conference June 2013

3 Overview Background Teacher training overview Linking theory to practice Cognitive apprenticeship Design and development Theory on the move Supporting observational skills Design and demonstration Evaluation Trials and evaluation Future work

4 Teacher Training Overview Trainees spend 120 days in school Work closely with a mentor in a school Teach between 6 and 13 hours per week Complete 5 university assignments including a substantial professional development portfolio Need to evidence 8 teacher standards to qualify Trainees can be isolated from their peers whilst on placement

5 Linking Theory to Practice Theories, Themes and Issues – Specific aims of the module (Learning Outcomes) – Link to Teachers Standards: Motivation Progression Subject Knowledge Planning and teaching Responding to learners needs Assessment Managing behaviour Wider professional responsibilities

6 Trainees need … To develop good observational and reflection skills when observing experienced teachers To be able to relate theory to practice To understand the Teacher Standards To identify key theories/theorists

7 Observation Our trainees spend most of their time at the beginning of their placement observing and taking notes while observing experienced teachers delivering lessons. Training is needed to gain the maximum amount from observation (Borich, 2011) and mobile technology can help in providing some scaffolding to this training.

8 Cognitive Apprenticeships What is a cognitive apprenticeship? Specific domains of cognitive apprenticeships – Content – Method – Sequence – Sociology

9 Cognitive Apprenticeships (2) Content – Conceptual, factual, procedural and strategic knowledge Method – Modelling, coaching, scaffolding and fading Sequence – Integrate and generalise knowledge and complex skills Sociology – Situated learning, culture of expert practice, becoming part of the community of practitioners

10 Design of a mobile app for trainees The app has two main features: Although designed for trainees, these features could be applied to other domains Tagging key events which relate to theory Theory on the move

11 Using the app 1.Click on a Teachers Standard 2.Listen to relevant audio/ read short description 3.Repeat as necessary 1.Click on a Teachers Standard 2.Listen to relevant audio/ read short description 3.Repeat as necessary 1.Observe practice relevant to standard/theory 2.Click Tag Event and choose standard 3.Enter brief details and click Send 4.Details ed to you for looking at later

12 Theory on the move 8 Teacher Standards Click to select

13 On android

14 Click on a Standard ….. Audio example (Standard 4) Audio example (Standard 4) Brief description 5-10 minute audio clip Return to Standards screen

15 Tagging actual events Tag if you observe something related

16 Tag an observed event…

17 Receive an

18 Evaluation App will be tested with > 200 new trainees in October 2013 as they begin their placements Usage can be monitored by having an additional address receiving all s during pilot Focus group will be held with trainees in November to gather feedback

19 Further work Develop similar apps for secondary subject areas : ML, Maths, English, Computer Science, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. These could be used in the same way but this time for developing pedagogical content knowledge (Shulman)

20 Summary Mobile technology has been deployed for two learning purposes – Reinforcement of academic work on the move – Relating real-world events to theory (and assessed work) This style of app could be utilised in a number of subject areas, e.g. anywhere where students undertake work experience, or need to collate evidence outside university of real events (e.g. business)

21 Any Questions?


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