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The EPEAT® Standard and LCA

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1 The EPEAT® Standard and LCA
Wayne Rifer Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool Green Electronics Council

2 Two Dimension of EPEAT IEEE 1680 family of American National Standards
1680 umbrella standard – the rules of the game environmental criteria for computers & monitors environmental criteria for imaging equipment (under development) environmental criteria for TVs (under development) System for identifying and verifying product claims EPEAT Registry at Self-declaration with after-market verification 2

3 EPEAT Standards and Workgroups
Environmental Assessment Standards Committee (EASC) 1680 Umbrella Standard Computers and Monitors Imaging Devices Televisions Handheld Devices Servers

4 EPEAT Tiers EPEAT Bronze EPEAT Silver – Meets all required criteria
and at least 50% of the optional criteria EPEAT Gold – Meets all required criteria and at least 75% of the optional criteria 4

5 EPEAT Registered Products
As of 09/15/09. See for current numbers.

6 32 Participating Manufacturers
Acer Apple Arquimedes Automatacao AsusTek CIARA-TECH Corporativo Lanix CTL Dell EIZO NANAO Fujitsu Gammatech General Dynamics Itronix GETAC Hewlett Packard Howard Technology Solutions Hyundai IT America Lenovo LG Electronics M&A Technology MDG Computers NCS Technologies NEC Display Solutions Northern Micro Panasonic Philips Electronics Positivo Informatica Samsung Sony Electronics Toshiba TPV Transource Viewsonic As of 05/11/2009. See for current list.

7 Environmental Performance Categories
Environmentally Sensitive Materials Materials Selection Design for End of Life Product Longevity/Life Cycle Extension Energy Conservation End of Life Management Corporate Performance Packaging There are 23 required criteria and 28 optional criteria. They are divided into the following eight categories:   Reduction/Elimination of Environmentally Sensitive Materials (3 required; 8 optional) Material Selection (3 required; 3 optional) Design for End of Life (5 required; 6 optional) Product Longevity/ Life Extension (2 required; 2 optional) Energy Conservation (1 required; 3 optional) End of Life Management (2 required; 1 optional) Corporate Performance (3 required; 2 optional) Packaging (3 required; 4 optional) For additional details, a summary of the IEEE 1680 standard, which is the foundation of the EPEAT system, is available on the EPEAT website at Copies of the full IEEE 1680 standard must be purchased from IEEE. To purchase a copy of IEEE 1680 visit < Simply search for 1680. 51 criteria 23 required 28 optional

8 EPEAT Development New product standards International Registry
Imaging equipment (printers, copiers, MFDs, etc.) TVs Update of computer standard Servers Mobile devices International Registry 40 countries Initially dedicated to institutional market Moving into consumer market

9 EPEAT and LCA Stakeholder consensus is the essence of EPEAT
Consensus-based criteria versus science-based LCA & stakeholder judgments focus differently Sensitive materials – stakeholders judgments are precaution-based DfEoL and take-back are priorities Can LCAs inform environmental priorities? Energy efficiency in use versus life extension Elimination of toxins (Pb) versus LC impacts

10 EPEAT and LCA Held LCA seminar for stakeholders – Key messages
Limitations of LCA or LCI results are too great (data quality, boundary variability, etc.) to base quantitative thresholds on them Reward the process, not the result Use established third-party tools Use tools that lock in data and boundary variability

11 Proposed LCA-based Criteria for New Standards
Corporate performance Perform LCA or corporate carbon footprint, water footprint Achieving x% reduction in carbon footprint LCI or LCA of product’s carbon footprint (various LC boundaries) Per ISO 14040/ or PAS 2050 Annual carbon disclosure scope 1 & 2 integrate life cycle &/or DfE thinking into product design Materials selection LCA for embodied/used energy on 90% of the materials/ components in product LCA-based demonstration that materials use x% less energy cradle to cradle than previous generation

12 Proposed LCA-based Criteria for New Standards
Environmentally sensitive materials LCA-based tool to assess alternative FRs Energy conservation LCA-based demonstration that product uses/ embodies x% less LC energy than previous generation, as alternative to ENERGY STAR Other proposed science-based assessments Health exposure/risk Resource depletion Recyclability analysis

13 Contact Wayne Rifer Manager of EPEAT Standards and Verification
Co-Chair of IEEE 1680 Standards Sponsor EPEAT Product Registry IEEE Standards Development

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