Presentation on theme: "Overview of a Private Sector review of Border Posts along the"— Presentation transcript:
1 Overview of a Private Sector review of Border Posts along the North/South CorridorPresented by:Mike Fitzmaurice
2 Border Post Monitoring Projects Completed by TLC Beitbridge – FESARTA/SSATP Pilot Project (Sep 2005 – Oct 2006)Chirundu – SSATP Pre – OSBP monitoring (Oct 2006 – Sep 2007)Beitbridge Situational Analysis – RTFP/SADC (Aug 2009)DOT Survey’s – Beitbridge, Lebombo, Tlokweng & Skilpadshek (Sep/Oct 2009)JICA OD (Origin/Destination) Survey’s (Nov 2009 – March 2010) - Beitbridge, Forbes/Machipanda, Zobue/Mwanza, Mchinji/Mwami, Kasumbelesa, Nakonde/Tunduma, Kazungula, Katima Mulilo, Osikango/Santa Clara & Trans Kalahari/Mamuno
3 Border Posts Surveyed on NSC Beitbridge – (South Africa/Zimbabwe)Chirundu – (Zambia/Zimbabwe)Kasumbelesa – (Zambia/DRC)Kazungula – (Zambia/Botswana)Nakonde/Tunduma – (Zambia/Tanzania)
4 Summary of Findings Transit Times (in hours):- Border Post Northbound SouthboundBeitbridge4118Chirundu3615Kasumbelesa9373Kazungula3025Nakonde/Tunduma2892*Figures courtesy TLC Survey’s
5 Summary of Findings – continued... Commercial Traffic Volumes – ADT (average daily traffic):-Border PostNorthboundSouthboundBeitbridge250135Chirundu120105Kasumbelesa171Kazungula110**110Nakonde/Tunduma**195195* All figures courtesy of Revenue Authorities **Figures not available - estimated
6 Summary of Findings – continued... Border Post Statistics:-Border PostLoad Category Split by %Traffic Flow %Empty Returns %06-12 noon12-18 pmAfter 18:00B/BCont.ConsolReferTankBeitbridge651776555321316Chirundu*5021Kasumbelesa7723-8Kazungula9014852Nakonde/Tunduma6914188219* No figures available
7 Border Post Challenges Beitbridge – Infrastructure, lack of southbound parking, 24/7 border times under utilized and corruption.Chirundu – OSBP (System downtime), IT compatibility (Asycuda System), Staff competence on OSBP procedures.Kasumbelesa – Infrastructure, lack of or non existence of truck parks, delays in customs processing of documentation & corruption.
8 Border Post Challenges - continued... Kazungula – Ferry Downtime, Infrastructure inadequate for traffic volumes, inland clearance of goods (Livingstone) causes additional delays.Nakonde/Tunduma – Infrastructure inadequate for traffic volumes, Southbound clearances delays & 100% physical examination of containerized loads (exports/imports) is of concern.
9 Other Corridor Challenges The number of permanent and mobile police checkpoints on route.Zambia – 31Zimbabwe – 15DRC – 6Total - 52Average delay – 10 min per stopTotal lost time – 520 min (8 hrs 30 min) or 1 day driving timeThis excludes the financial implication to the transporter in bribes when foreign operators are targeted.
10 Recommendations / Solutions Beitbridge – Open old bridge, increase southbound parking, fully utilize 24/7 operating hours, improve border post operating procedures to minimise corruption opportunities.Chirundu – Sort out system downtime, find an IT solution for interfacing the two Asycuda systems and improve staff training on OSBP system.
11 Recommendations / Solutions Kasumbelesa – Opening of new border post 11 km into DRC, move ZRA/Immigration to same facility & convert current border post into transit truck park & Clearing Agent facility.Kazungula – Building of new Kazungula bridge, open truck park facilities on both sides of the border.Nakonde/Tunduma – Opening of new OSBP (under construction) , do away with 100% PE’s of containerized cargo & improve border post operating efficiencies
12 General CommentsImproving Trade Facilitation along a Corridor route is not just about improving border post efficiencies and should include all stakeholders/role players such as:Border Post Stakeholders (Customs, Immigration, Police, Road Fund Agencies etc.)Police (checkpoints)Roads Authorities (development agencies & weighbridge authorities)