Summary of Findings Transit Times (in hours):- Border PostNorthboundSouthbound Beitbridge4118 Chirundu3615 Kasumbelesa9373 Kazungula3025 Nakonde/Tunduma2892 *Figures courtesy TLC Surveys
Summary of Findings – continued... Commercial Traffic Volumes – ADT (average daily traffic):- Border PostNorthboundSouthbound Beitbridge250135 Chirundu120105 Kasumbelesa171 Kazungula110**110 Nakonde/Tunduma**195195 * All figures courtesy of Revenue Authorities **Figures not available - estimated
Summary of Findings – continued... Border Post Statistics:- Border PostLoad Category Split by %Traffic Flow % Empty Returns % 06-12 noon 12-18 pmAfter 18:00 B/BCont.ConsolReferTank Beitbridge651776555321316 Chirundu*****50 21 Kasumbelesa7723---50 8 Kazungula908-11485223 Nakonde/Tunduma16691411188219 * No figures available
Border Post Challenges Beitbridge – Infrastructure, lack of southbound parking, 24/7 border times under utilized and corruption. Chirundu – OSBP (System downtime), IT compatibility (Asycuda System), Staff competence on OSBP procedures. Kasumbelesa – Infrastructure, lack of or non existence of truck parks, delays in customs processing of documentation & corruption.
Border Post Challenges - continued... Kazungula – Ferry Downtime, Infrastructure inadequate for traffic volumes, inland clearance of goods (Livingstone) causes additional delays. Nakonde/Tunduma – Infrastructure inadequate for traffic volumes, Southbound clearances delays & 100% physical examination of containerized loads (exports/imports) is of concern.
Other Corridor Challenges The number of permanent and mobile police checkpoints on route. Zambia – 31 Zimbabwe – 15 DRC – 6 Total - 52 Average delay – 10 min per stop Total lost time – 520 min (8 hrs 30 min) or 1 day driving time This excludes the financial implication to the transporter in bribes when foreign operators are targeted.
Recommendations / Solutions Beitbridge – Open old bridge, increase southbound parking, fully utilize 24/7 operating hours, improve border post operating procedures to minimise corruption opportunities. Chirundu – Sort out system downtime, find an IT solution for interfacing the two Asycuda systems and improve staff training on OSBP system.
Recommendations / Solutions Kasumbelesa – Opening of new border post 11 km into DRC, move ZRA/Immigration to same facility & convert current border post into transit truck park & Clearing Agent facility. Kazungula – Building of new Kazungula bridge, open truck park facilities on both sides of the border. Nakonde/Tunduma – Opening of new OSBP (under construction), do away with 100% PEs of containerized cargo & improve border post operating efficiencies
General Comments Improving Trade Facilitation along a Corridor route is not just about improving border post efficiencies and should include all stakeholders/role players such as: Border Post Stakeholders (Customs, Immigration, Police, Road Fund Agencies etc.) Police (checkpoints) Roads Authorities (development agencies & weighbridge authorities)