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Communications Interoperability down to the desk level !? AFCEA Europe 16 June 2010 Mons (SHAPE) Belgium Gerard Elzinga NATO HQ C3 Staff/CINNB.

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Presentation on theme: "Communications Interoperability down to the desk level !? AFCEA Europe 16 June 2010 Mons (SHAPE) Belgium Gerard Elzinga NATO HQ C3 Staff/CINNB."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communications Interoperability down to the desk level !? AFCEA Europe 16 June 2010 Mons (SHAPE) Belgium Gerard Elzinga NATO HQ C3 Staff/CINNB

2 6/12/20142 UNCLASSIFIED Outline NATO Environment Communications environment Communications Interoperability / Developments: Deployable tactical networks New Concepts Security Wireless networks Software Defined radio SATCOM 2

3 6/12/20143 UNCLASSIFIED Military Context Expeditionary operations - Out of Area Multinational and multi-agency Coalition of NATO and non-NATO nations High multinational mix and fine level of granularity Non-military organisations and elements play a key part Broad spectrum of conflict Humanitarian to Peace Making/War Often at the same time in the same Theatre of Operations Difficult to predict threat (Plan for worst case) Driving need for increased levels of agility, flexibility and mobility Dispersed in Theatre 3

4 6/12/20144 UNCLASSIFIED NCW / NEC / NNEC Tenets: Robustly networked forces Information sharing Shared understanding Improved effectiveness Networking of sensors, command and control nodes and effectors This requires a Networking and Information Infrastructure - Federated Technology – People - Information 4 The NATO Network Enabled Capability (NNEC) is the Alliances cognitive and technical ability to federate the various components of the operational environment from the strategic level (including NATO HQ) down to the tactical level, through a networking and information infrastructure

5 6/12/2014 Federation of Networks NATO Nation C3 Static e.g. NGCS C2 Fixed Deployed Extending Static Domain into Theatre, e.g. FOC+ C2 Deployable e.g. Tactical WAN C2 Mobile (Sensors/ Effectors) e.g. CNR

6 6/12/20146 UNCLASSIFIED Communications Interoperability Tactical Level NATO Assets NCCAP Deployable CIS National Assets Bulk of the Equipment Interoperability non assured Different Operational requirements Various Implementations of same equipment types Security Are all systems in theatres result of proper planning or simply crisis acquisitions Role of NATO in Improving Interoperability

7 6/12/20147 UNCLASSIFIED Deployable CIS NATO CIS Contingency Assets Pool (NCCAP): Set up in the Past to support land deployments (ACCAP), Part for maritime NATO HQs afloat (MCCAP) Concept revisited, now transformed into Deployable CIS Modules (DCM) T/D SGTs, HF, RR LOS, COM and IS Modules Equipment added, replaced, modernized and/or upgraded Interim Solutions (LINC(E)) implemented However….Interim ??

8 6/12/20148 UNCLASSIFIED Communications Interoperability Policy level Standards Concepts of Employment Interoperability Policies Architectures Key multinational initiatives: TACOMS (Post 2000) Security Waveform development Software Defined Radio SATCOM But also note: Large installed base of national systems, not easily changed 8

9 6/12/20149 UNCLASSIFIED Communications Interoperability (Policy) Standards The beauty of our current sets of Standards is that there are so many to choose from Identification of those standards that will be key to achieving interoperability within NNEC (IP capable, modern technologies) Life Cycle of Standards: Concept to Implementation Standards themselves are not sufficient (too many options, context): Concepts of Employment Concepts of Employment Defines context (Operational) Communications Profiles Standards Implementation options 9

10 6/12/201410 UNCLASSIFIED Communications Interoperability (Policy) Architectures Operational, System, Technical Views Provides guidance on how to implement Capabilities Not prescriptive for nations, applicable for NATO, nations can benefit from it Policies Communications Profiles to de defined depending on Role Enforcement at appropriate levels and by relevant directives MC Documentation – e.g. MC 195 Coordination Defence/Force Planning 10

11 6/12/201411 UNCLASSIFIED TACOMS TACOMS Vision: Robust, highly available federated network based on interconnectivity via converged, high-speed IP interoperability points that support any application and multiple simultaneous classification levels Wired, Tactical Level but nothing would limit wider implementation (e.g. in Strategic Systems) Based on Mature Commercial Technologies and Standards Phase 1 STANAGs Promulgated – Implemenmtations ongoing Phase 2 started: Evolution (IPv6, Mobility…) 11

12 6/12/201412 UNCLASSIFIED Security Secure Communications Interoperability Protocol End-to-End Security over heterogeneous networks Strategic down to Tactical Level Based on a nationally developed set of specifications SATCOM, IP, TDM, Tactical radio Networks TACOMS NII IP Network Encryption (NINE) Future standard for IP – encryption Based on Commercial IPSec specifications Using National Standard (HAIPE) as a basis for a Alliance standard Strategic down to Tactical Domain

13 6/12/201413 UNCLASSIFIED Protected Core Network PCS (WAN segment) PCS (WAN segment) PCS (WAN segment) LAN (e.g. HQ) LAN (e.g. HQ) LAN (e.g. HQ) LAN (e.g. HQ) Z Z Z Z E E E E E E EE E PCS= Protected Core Segment

14 6/12/20141414 Jan 09 UNCLASSIFIED Wireless Communications 3-Apr-08 HF UHF VHF UHF SHF EHF VLF UHF HF 14

15 6/12/201415 UNCLASSIFIED 15 UNCLASSIFIED Waveforms HF Well Defined set of Limited HF Waveforms Upgrade to IP Wide Band HF BLOS (Non HF, Non SATCOM) Troposcatter revival ?? UAV, balloons ?? V/UHF Limited Interoperability (Capacity, Services) SATCOM Standards defined: UHF, SHF, EHF SHF being Upgraded Never Forget: Large Installed Base, need sound Business Case to support implementation new waveforms, radios and alignment of national plans !! 15

16 6/12/20141614 Jan 09 UNCLASSIFIED BLOS MITF ref ELOS AITF ref LOS LITF ref ELOS LITF ref BLOS LITF ref SATCOM LITF ref LOS LITF ref ELOS LITF ref 16 Wide Band Waveform (WBWF) Narrow Band Waveform (NBWF)

17 6/12/201417 UNCLASSIFIED 17 UNCLASSIFIED NBWF Requirements 17 RBCI

18 6/12/201418 UNCLASSIFIED 18 UNCLASSIFIED NBWF Basic Requirements: Secure voice and data communications Radio Based Combat Identification (RBCI) Basic networking capability, sharing of situational awareness Spectrally efficient Initially a non-EPM version, then EPM Basis of solution: Contributors: CAN, GBR, NLD, NOR, NC3A Physical layer based on CPM, fixed frequency, frequency hopping Time based media access layer Basic routing protocols Overall waveform architecture Draft STANAG for Physical Layer Work ongoing for MAC Layer Security Principles under discussion 18 Physical Layer Media Access Layer Network Layer On air encryption

19 6/12/201419 UNCLASSIFIED 19 UNCLASSIFIED WBWF Operational Requirements: Draft Available Discussions ongoing with other intl initiatives COALWNW 9 Nations, USA Lead ESSOR 6 Nations, European Lead Secure voice and data communications RBCI not part of requirements 19

20 6/12/2014 Mobile Network Evaluation NCOIC Working Group Technology Tenets: IP architecture tenets Information Assurance tenets Mobility tenets Use Cases: Coalition Defence Mobile Emergency Communications Interoperability (MECI) Evaluation of existing standards 20 UNCLASSIFIED

21 6/12/201421 UNCLASSIFIED Software Defined Radio Strands of work within NATO: NATO Industrial Advisory Group study Business Models for SDR Cooperation Aim to improve Interoperability Report: Waveform standardization, IPR, Security etc. Research and Technology Organization (RTO) Regular Task Group Demonstrate Portability SDR SCA Compliant Waveform (ST 4285) & Interoperability SDR Users Group Framework for sharing of waveform software Working new model for SDR standardisation (w/ EDA), architectectural bits: 3 baskets model: 1 part open, 1 part restricterd to coalition partners, 1 private for nations Interaction EDA, OCCAR, ESSOR, Wireless Innovation Forum (SDRForum)

22 6/12/201422 UNCLASSIFIED SDR UG - Sharing Framework Framework addresses: Waveform definition Waveform implementation Interoperability testing Waveform use Each step in life cycle needs to address same issues but their impact differs: Software quality and performance Compliance with open software architecture Intellectual Property Rights Security WF Definition WF Implementation WF Use Interoperability Testing requirements CONEMP WF Spec Fn Ref s/w IoP ref s/w radios WF comps WF Spec iteration WF prototype Base WF s/w Tgt WF s/w Tgt WF s/w Tgt WF s/w IoP Ref s/w s/w Base WF s/w Tgt WF s/w acceptance Base/ target s/w tes t Natl sy accred NATO sy accred radios National Use NATO Use architecture requirements architecture WF SpecCONEMP Test results feedback

23 6/12/201423 UNCLASSIFIED SATCOM Standards developed in UHF, SHF, EHF Frequency bands UHF – Making more Efficient use of Available Spectrum (DAMA – IW) SHF – Updating existing Standards to be fully NNEC Compliant, IP capable Comms On The Move: Multiple approaches to use COTM – SHF EHF – Existing Set of Standards, likely to be expanded

24 6/12/201424 UNCLASSIFIED Summary Operating in a complex environment which is difficult to predict Several initiatives underway to improve multinational communications capabilities especially interoperability down to the lower levels Wired Wireless Domain However whilst technical challenges exist the greater challenges are political and organizational

25 6/12/2014 Questions


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