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Mobile Databases for Health Informatics Web Conference 2003 Dr. Stanley G. Aungst Assistant Professor of IST, Penn State University Karen E. Fleagle Senior,

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Presentation on theme: "Mobile Databases for Health Informatics Web Conference 2003 Dr. Stanley G. Aungst Assistant Professor of IST, Penn State University Karen E. Fleagle Senior,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mobile Databases for Health Informatics Web Conference 2003 Dr. Stanley G. Aungst Assistant Professor of IST, Penn State University Karen E. Fleagle Senior, School of IST, Penn State University June 18, 2003 1:00 - 2:00PM

2 Mobile Database Management System IBMs DB2 Everyplace An Introduction to DB2e Basic Components Environments Security Handheld Form Factors Palm OS Emulator (POSE) Palm m500 Future Form Factors (Palm Tungsten, Smartphones, etc.) Practical Applications for DB2e Virtual Coconuts Project Hershey Medical Center - Pain Management Database Project Pennsylvania Governors School for Information Technology Acknowledgements – Steve Kellogg and the AIT Group

3 DB2e stores, retrieves, organizes and manages data on a handheld device The data on the handheld device is synchronized to a server-based relational database management system (RDMS) DB2e is currently available for Palm OS, EPOC, Neutrino, Windows CE and embedded Linux An Introduction IBMs DB2e

4 Limitations of todays small form factor technology System memory Power consumption Processor speed DB2e accommodates for this limitations DB2e is a thumbprint DBMS ( ~ 180k ) Sync small amounts of data to server database DB2e was first introduced in August 1999 Could be downloaded from IBMs website in 1999 (version 7.0) Presently, must join Advanced Developers Group of IBM Silicon Valley Initially only available on Palm OS and Windows CE Current version: 8.1.1

5 Basic Components IBMs DB2e DB2e on the handheld device Database Engine IBM Sync Query By Example (QBE) Synchronization Server Allows synchronization between DB2e and server database Mobile Device Administration Center (MDAC) Table encryption for version 8.1.1 J2 MicroEdition (J2ME) Sync Client for cell phones and pagers Mobile Application Builder (MAB) CASE Tool Creates custom applications for the handheld device DB2 Universal Database (UDB2) Server database

6 Environments IBMs DB2e Two-tier environment Database Engine (DB2e) Sync Server and UDB2 Three-tier environment Database Engine (DB2e) Sync Server UDB2

7 Security on the Handheld IBMs DB2e Version 8.1.1 added the ability to encrypt local data on: Windows CE / Pocket PC Windows 32-bit Palm platforms Secure encryption (56 or 128 bit) and compression during data transfer Encryption access is handled via a connection to the database with a valid user ID and password

8 Sync Server IBMs DB2e Cross platform, database independent, bi-directional synchronization server Running in a two-tier or three-tier environment Allows synchronization between handheld device and enterprise server

9 Control Database (DB2) – for management of the Sync Server Data Staging Tables – to increase throughput Mirror Database – where conflicts are resolved DB2 Log Writer – records update activity Data Capture Program – moves data between mirror database and the enterprise database (UDB2) Components of the Sync Server IBMs DB2e

10 Sync Server Process IBMs DB2e User authentication by control database Input into staging table Moved to mirror database Activity recorded in DB2 Log Writer Data capture program updates enterprise database

11 Sync Connection Options IBMs DB2e

12 Mobile Device Administration Center IBMs DB2e Graphical User Interface (GUI) administers the Sync Server Sets up user accounts and defines what data each user can synchronize

13 IBM Sync IBMs DB2e Located on the handheld device Initiates the syncing process User name and password must be typed into IBM Sync for process to continue Device ID is registered with the Sync Server during the first sync

14 Overview of Sync Server Components IBMs DB2e

15 Mobile Application Builder (MAB) IBMs DB2e GUI for creating custom applications The application allows users to create, delete, and update records in a database via their handheld device

16 Rapid prototyping capability Includes samples (Virtual Nurse) Visually create and edit forms by selecting controls from the palette Define alerts based on user entries (Creation Successful!) Add images to forms Add menus to forms Features of the MAB IBMs DB2e

17 Palm OS Emulator IBMs DB2e Effective for testing custom applications Different Palm OS versions Can be buggy Great instructional tool

18 Small Form Factors Palm m500 Memory: 8 MB Screen Resolution: 160 x 160 Weight: 4 oz. Expansion Slot Palm OS Software: v4.0 Price: $149

19 Small Form Factors Xircom® Wireless LAN Module High-speed access to network resources (up to 11 Mbps) for handheld PCs Compatible IEEE 802.11b high-rate standard Compatible with Palm m500 series, Palm m125 handheld computers Priced between $220 - $250

20 Small Form Factors Palm Tungsten C Memory: 64 MB (51 MB actual) Screen Resolution: 320 x 320 Weight: 6.3 oz. Wi-Fi 802.11b Radio Palm OS Software: v5.2.1 Price: $499

21 Small Form Factors Palm Tungsten W Memory: 14.8 MB actual storage capacity Screen Resolution: 320 x 320 Weight: 6.4 oz. GSM/GPRS Voice and Data Palm OS Software: v4.1.1 Price: $549 (AT&T wireless service sold separately)

22 Small Form Factors Kyocera 7135 Smartphone 16 MB of RAM Weight: 6.6 oz. Palm OS Software: v4.1 Trimode CDMA digital wireless phone CDMA PCS (1900 MHz) CDMA cellular (800 MHz) Analog cellular networks Price: $499.95 with contract

23 Virtual Coconuts IST 240 Project Built a two-tier solution with IBM's DB2 Everyplace Their Virtual Solution: selling Hawaiian shirts, grass skirts and paper-mache coconuts for the luau Allowed the user to: set up an online password account order products check the status of their orders using Palm Pilots. A CRM system gives the customer the status of their product via any handheld PDA or WAP enabled phone

24 PAIN Management Database Hershey Medical Center Project - 2003 A Mobile DB2 Everyplace Wireless Database Solution Hershey Medical Center - Anesthesiology Department Opportunity to have patient records on handheld devices in operating rooms Wirelessly transmit records to access/update patient information Goal was to integrate: Wireless technology Handheld devices Mobile PAIN Management database DB2 Everyplace

25 UDB2 Enterprise Database Server Wireless Access Points Small Form Factor PDA Smartphone Virtual Private Network (VPN) – Tunneling Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) In compliance with HIPAA requirements PAIN Management Database Hardware & Software Requirements

26 The wireless process would include: Doctors carry mobile devices to access patient records Access Points are located throughout the department Patient records are accessed/updated inside the department Passwords (2 deep) to verify user (HIPAA regulations) Mobile device wireless request for information Doctor is notified when transaction is completed PAIN management research capabilities PAIN Management Database Wireless Processes

27 Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) The HIPAA legislation has four primary objectives: Assure health insurance portability by eliminating job- lock due to pre-existing medical conditions Reduce healthcare fraud and abuse Enforce standards for health information Guarantee security and privacy of health information PAIN Management Database HIPAA Regulations

28 All healthcare providers, health plans, payers, clearinghouses, and other entities that process health data must comply with HIPAA HIPAA applies to all communication that is stored or transmitted electronically, or that has been stored or transmitted electronically in the past. Media includes, but is not limited to: »Computer databases »Tapes »Disks »Telecommunications »Fax »Internet »Networks PAIN Management Database HIPAA Compliance

29 PAIN Management Database Database Tables & Relationships (Appended Tables) Surgery Table (1,1) Surgeon ID Patient ID Surgeon Last Name Surgery Date Surgery / Injury Code Patient Table (1,M) ID Patient Last Name Patient First Name Sex Date of Birth Weight

30 Refine the customer requirements Make the system wireless 802.11x and/or Cellular with Palm Tungstens and Smartphones Make the wireless system secure Use Movian VPN / Cisco Hardware or software solution PAIN Management Database Next Steps

31 PA Governors School for IT Mobile Database Skill Track Last year, each student: Designed and created a mobile database Built a mobile application for a Palm m500 Contacted the enterprise database – wired Contacted the Internet wirelessly via 802.11b This year, we plan to: Focus on mobile databases for health informatics Use different form factors such as: »Blackberries »Palm Tungsten »Smartphones Travel to Hershey Medical Center to visit the Life Lion pilots and emergency medical team

32 Hershey Medical Center – Anesthesiology Department staff, especially Gregg Schuler, Jon Chadwick and Dr. Donald Martin MD Steve Kellogg, Mark Campbell, Craig Anthony and the staff of the AIT group at Penn State, University Park Debby Nakamura, IBM Director of the Advanced Development Group at IBM Silicon Valley Paul Zikopoulos, IBM Database Specialist at IBM Toronto Dan Foster and the RIIT Group of the Smeal College of Business, Penn State, University Park Mobile Database Development Acknowledgements

33 Contact Us IBM DB2e Dr. Stan Aungst E-mail: Office Phone: (814) 865 - 0814 Karen E. Fleagle E-mail:

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