Presentation on theme: "MOBILE ABUSE A Real Friend but ……. inconsiderate, annoying discourteous and stupid in public places."— Presentation transcript:
1 MOBILE ABUSEA Real Friend but ……. inconsiderate, annoying discourteous and stupid in public places
2 Mobile AbuseLike millions of others, you may be the victim of cell phone abuse.What is cell phone abuse?
3 Imagine ….. You are in a public place trying to concentrate on something or in serious discussion with your friend or enjoying a peaceful moment……A stranger 5 to 10 feet away starts talking on his cell phone
4 Your concentration breaks or your conversation ends or your peaceful moment disturbs……. Now you are a victim of cell phone abuse.
5 Cell phone abuse results in 1. Cyber crime 2. Invasion of privacy3. Health hazards4. Social problems5.Psychological problems6. Financial loss
6 Cyber crimeIncludes traditional activities such as fraud, theft or forgery ,when ever a telecommunication system is involved
7 CyberCyber-, derived from the Greek word Kubernetes meaning Steersman , is used in the terms cybersex, cybernetics, cyberspace, cyberpunk, cyberhomes and cyberhate, but has been largely surpassed by e-
8 It is used in the computer or electronic context to denote control of the thing represented by the word it precedes- CYBERCRIME
9 1.Internet auction fraud 2. Internet service provider fraud The various forms of Cyber crime are1.Internet auction fraud2. Internet service provider fraud3. Fraudulent web designing4. Multilevel marketing fraud5. Health care fraud6. Mobile phone fraud
10 Computer and Mobile network intrusion 1.Password SnifferProgrammes that monitors and record the name and password of network users as they log in2. SpoofingOne computer is electronically' looks like’ another computer to gain access
11 3. Cyber fraudStock manipulation, fraudulent business opportunities, web auctions, credit card fraud4. Cyber stalkingSending harassing or threatening e –mail or unwanted files and obscene messages or images
12 Cyber stalkers usually target women and children who are inexperience in online activities. Stalkers generally lose interest if they don’t get the reactions they seek
13 Cyber terrorismUse of computers or mobile phones or programmes in attack against others. It is a form of ‘Info war”Computer sabotageUse of internet to hinder the normal functioning of a computer through the introduction of worms, viruses logic bombs etc
14 Mail BombsSoftware that will instruct a computer to do almost anything so that it will send mails for the trackerCredit card fraudHacking of credit card pin number to withdraw moneyIdentity theftTheft of one’s identity for criminal use
15 PhishingIntroduction of Malicious codes into linksEg. Spoofed Bank web sitesPharmingProgramme that direct the user to another Mocked link
16 How to escape Stay anonymous- choose a genderless name 2. Never give name or full address to strangers3. Don’t respond to harassing or negative messages4. Avoid uncomfortable situation quickly
17 6. Learn more about internet privacy 5. Watch what you say- don’t flirt online6. Learn more about internet privacy7. Don’t give ID to strangers8. Frequently change your password and answer to the ‘secret question’9. Don’t disclose your password to any one, not even to your friends10. Don’t hesitate in filing a complaint with the police if there is any cyber fraud
18 IT Act 2008 Computer Related Offences If any person, dishonestly, or fraudulently, does any act referred to in section 43, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two three years or with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees or with both.
19 IT Act Section 66 APunishment for sending offensive messages through communication service, etc.any electronic mail or electronic mail message for the purpose of causing annoyance or inconvenience or to deceive or to mislead the addressee or recipient about the origin of such messages.
20 IT Act Section 66 E Punishment for violation of privacy. Whoever, intentionally or knowingly captures, publishes or transmits the image of a private area of any person without his or her consent, under circumstances violating the privacy of that person, shall be punished with imprisonment which may extend to three years or with fine not exceeding two lakh rupees, or with both
21 IT Act Section 67Punishment for publishing or transmitting obscene material in electronic formWhoever publishes or transmits or causes to be published in the electronic form, any material which is lascivious or appeals to the prurient interest or if its effect is such as to tend to deprave and corrupt persons.
22 CELL PHONES Perry Long invented First Cell phone in 1940. The first fully automatic mobile phone system, called MTA (Mobile Telephone system A), was developed by Ericsson and commercially released in Sweden in 1956
23 Mobile PhoneThe Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and the Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) Systems are digital mobile phone services.
24 The system consist of a Base station antenna which communicates with the mobile phones through Radio Frequency (RF) transmission.
25 The mobile phone system is referred to as “cellular telephone system because the coverage area is divided into “cells “each of which has a base station antenna.
26 Mobile phones use Electromagnetic radiation in the Microwave range around 2.5 GHz
27 When we talk on mobile phones, the transmitter takes the sound and encodes on to a continuous “sine wave”. The sine wave radiates out from the antenna and fluctuates evenly through space.
29 Once the encoded sound has been placed on the sine wave, the transmitter sends the signal to the antenna which then sends the signal out.
30 The encoded signals are made up of electromagnetic radiations The encoded signals are made up of electromagnetic radiations. These waves are picked up by the receiver in the base station tower. The base station antenna emits radiations continuously to make a link with the subscribers.
33 GSM & CDMA PhonesGSM (Global System for Mobile communications: is the most popular standard for mobile phones in the world.Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) is a channel access method utilized by various radio communication technologies.
35 GPS PhoneA GPS navigation device is any device that receives Global Positioning System (GPS) signals for the purpose of determining the present location. These devices are used in military, aviation, marine and consumer product applications.
37 Smart PhoneA smartphone is a mobile phone offering advanced capabilities, often with PC-like functionality.a smartphone is simply a phone with advanced features like , Internet and e-book reader capabilities
39 SIM Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) The SIM is a detachable smart card containing the user's subscription information and phone book.
40 This allows the user to retain his or her information after switching handsets. Alternatively, the user can also change operators while retaining the handset simply by changing the SIM.
41 SIM Securely stores the service subscriber key having 15 digits First 3 digits – Mobile country codeSecond 2 digits – Mobile network codeThird 10 digits – Mobile station identification number
42 EV DOEV-DO (Evolution-Data Optimized), often abbreviated as EV-DO or EV, is a telecommunications standard for the wireless transmission of data through radio signals, typically for broadband Internet access.
45 Mobile Phone Terminology URL – Universal Resource LocatoriPod – intelligent Portable occular deviceMPEG – Moving Picture Expert GroupMP3 – Moving Picture – 3( Audio layer 3)Wi-Fi – Brand name of Wi-Fi Alliance-WLANBlue tooth – Open wireless protocol
46 GPS – Global Positioning System GPRS – General Packet Radio Service - Blackberry systemVoIP Phone – Voice over Internet ProtocolMost common type is Skype
47 Symptoms of Mobile abuse Inability to concentrate on what you are doing2. Mild or severe irritability or annoyance3. Sensitivity to stupid ring tones4. Initially thinking that the cell phone user is actually talking to you
48 5. Wishing the user would finish the call 6. Wishing the user would leave the place7. Wishing that the battery would die
49 HEALTH HAZARDSMobile phones uses electromagnetic radiation in the microwave rangePart of the radio wave emitted by the mobile phone handset will be absorbed by the headThe radiation from a standard GSM handset has a peak output power of 2watts
51 SARThe rate at which human body absorbs radiation is known as Specific Absorption RateMaximum level of SAR is set as 2 w/kg averaged over a volume of 1 gm tissue for the head
52 THERMAL EFFECT Microwave causes “dielectric heating” Human tissue is rich in water and exhibit dielectric property(+ and – ve ions)Living tissue heat up through the rotation of polar molecules such as waterFriction causes heating of tissue
53 Thermal effect Thermographic images – Before and After 15 minutes of cell phone use Red and yellow patches- Heated tissues
54 Head is in the “near field “ of radiation, so that most of the heating effect occurs in the head Temperature in the internal ear, brain increases 1 degree or moreThis adversely affect the functioning of these organs since these have fluid filled cavities
55 Blood-Brain BarrierThe blood vessels in the brain and the surrounding tissue forms the BBB that can easily dispose heatBut prolonged heating effect can alter brain functions and hearing ability
57 Thermal effects Burning sensation in the Scalp and Ear pinna Mood alteration and lack of concentrationLethargy and lack of sleepWhistling sound in the ear
58 Premature Cataract- Cornea of eye lacks blood supply and heat cannot be disposed Confusion and loss of memory since the microwaves interfere with the mood controlling brainwavesAlters sleep physiology and biological rhythm by changing the level of Dopamine, Serotonin hormones
62 Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity Unspecific symptoms during and after the use of cell phone. Tingling sensation, fatigue, dizziness, loss of mental attention, reduction in reaction time, memory retentiveness, tachycardia etc.
63 EM Radiation penetration into brain Fig. 1. 5 year old brain Fig. 2 EM Radiation penetration into brain Fig.1.5 year old brain Fig year old brain Fig.3. Adult brain
64 Hearing impairments Heating effect in the fluid of internal ear Piercing sound from the speaker causes irritability in the ear drum and internal sensory cells of earHuman ear is highly sensitive to waves between 1000 and 6000 Hz
71 Microwave Auditory Effect Clicks and Buzzing sound in the headMicrowave induces electric current in the hearing centre of the brain and causes Auditory illusionThis may happen if music is heard using ear phone or Bluetooth for long time
73 The human ear has a peak sensitivity of 3000 Hz, which causes a sense of unease. Alarms and Mobile ring tones are designed to sound at 3000 Hz. The ear has a very low threshold of hearing for 3000 Hz. A sound of this frequency is very penetrating.
74 After Call Symptoms Burning sensation in the ear pinna Irritation in the scalpConfusionLethargyAuditory illusion
75 Social Problems In attention blindness Caller Hegemony Cognitive load Mobile Phone in public places creates social problems also….In attention blindnessCaller HegemonyCognitive loadAccidentse-waste
76 Inattention blindness Cell phone use in social situations may result in overload.Local interaction and remote interaction demands certain attentionCell phone use in public places makes the user “ blind “ to local cues due to cognitive overload
77 Cell phone use in public places reduce the reaction time to events around the user Reduced attention to local situation may disturb others since the user is not attending the social situationUse of Mobile phones in gatherings, meetings, entertainment places etc disturb others through inattention blindness
78 Caller HegemonyThe alarming ring tone may demand higher attention to the phone rather than the local settingsCaller Hegemony is the asymmetric relationship between the caller and answerer
79 Cognitive loadMobile phone use in public places makes the user overloaded and become unaware of the details of communicative behavior of co- located individuals as well as other relevant features of the social situation
80 AccidentsMobile phone use while driving may cause accidents due to inattention blindness and cognitive loadCell phone conversation distracts the driver’s attention, increase reaction time, and reduce visual field attentionCognitive load raises above visual sensation and diverts attention
81 Reaction to and memory of visual inputs while driving will drastically reduce if the cognitive load increases.The same negative effects may also happens if the driver uses a hands free phone.
83 Psychological problems NoMophobia ( No Mobile phobia When we run out of credit or battery, lose of phone or are in an area with no reception, being phoneless can bring a panic symptom referred to as NoMo Phobia or No Mobile phobia
84 Ringxiety- Ringtone anxiety Term introduced by David Laramie CaliforniaRingxiety is the sensation and false belief that one can hear his or her mobile phone ringing or fell it vibrating.Humans are sensitive to auditory tones between 1000 and 6000 Hz. The ring tone frequency falls with in this range
86 Precautions Do not use mobile phone more than 15 minutes per day Do not allow others to click photos without your permissionDo not reply to sms(short messaging service) and mms(multimedia messaging service)from strangers
87 Do not send obscene text or images though mms Do not give your numbers to strangers while chatting onlineDo not keep the Bluetooth open to allDo not give mobile to unauthorized service centre to avoid ‘Cloning”Use security pin code to avoid misuse
88 Use mobile phone only for communication Avoid using it in public places, hospitals, trains, buses etc for long time.
89 Do not hear mobile music for long time Do not hear mobile music for long time. It will create auditory illusionRemove irritant ringtones and replace it with soft standard ring tonesSwitch off mobile in silent zones.
90 Do not share your photos to strangers to avoid misuse such as Morphing Do not keep the mobile in bedside while sleeping. It will alter your sleep physiologyConsider Mobile phones similar to your land phone. So that you will use it only for communication
91 Chat RoomsTake extreme care during online chatting and browsing blogs and web pages like Orkut. Hackers are waiting for youDo not reply to anonymous messages and do not give mail ID or full address in such web pagesUse a genderless login nameFrequently change passwords
92 Do not use mobile Phone while it is plugged in Safety MeasuresDo not use mobile Phone while it is plugged in
93 Safety MeasuresDo not use mobile phones when there is lightning
94 Safety MeasuresDo not use Mobile phone near Petrol outlet
95 Safety MeasuresDo not use Mobile phone near LPG gas cylinder
96 Safety MeasuresDo not keep mobile phone close to body while sleepingIts radiation will alter your biorhythms and sleep physiology
97 Cell phone abuse is a world wide epidemic which is now affecting millions of men ,women and children especially teen age students
98 To the cell phone abusers we say ………….. Try a little cell phone courtesy…. and do not burden others with your pseudo social behavior.
99 On behalf of the millions of us who suffer cell phone abuse everyday Thank you