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COMESA CLEARING HOUSE MOBILE FINANCIAL SERVICES AND PAYMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN COMESA MEMBER COUNTRIES March 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "COMESA CLEARING HOUSE MOBILE FINANCIAL SERVICES AND PAYMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN COMESA MEMBER COUNTRIES March 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMESA CLEARING HOUSE MOBILE FINANCIAL SERVICES AND PAYMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT IN COMESA MEMBER COUNTRIES March 2012

2 AGENDA COMESA AT A GLANCE BACKGROUND TO MFS & PAYMENT SYSTEMS BENEFITS OF MFS & PAYMENT SYSTEMS BASIC CONDITIONS FOR CROSS BORDER MOBILE PAYMENTS PROGRESS REPSS - OBJECTIVES, FEATURES, BENEFITS PAYMENT & SETTLEMENT FLOWS Q&A

3 COMESA MEMBERSHIP

4 COMESA AT A GLANCE TOTAL AREA12.8 MILLION SQ. KM POPULATION 413 MILLION MEMBERSHIP 19 COUNTRIES 20 CENTRAL BANKS FTA MEMBERSHIP13 COUNTRIES AVERAGE GROWTH RATE OF REAL GDP 5.1% INTRA-COMESA TRADE$ 17.4 BILLION

5 BACKGROUND TO MOBILE FINANCIAL SERVICES & PAYMENT SYSTEMS ACCESS TO FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES LIMITED FOR MOST OF THE WORLDS POOREST – 2.5 BILLION DO NOT USE THESE SERVICES POORER A HOUSEHOLD, STRONGER ITS NEED FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES – SAVINGS, REMITTANCES, CREDIT MOBILE & RETAIL PAYMENT SYSTEMS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES LAG BEHIND DEVELOPED COUNTRIES MOBILE PHONES NOW IN THE HANDS OF BILLIONS, EVEN AT LOW INCOME LEVELS PRESENTS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY TO GROW THE FORMAL ECONOMY THIS WOULD UNLOCK EFFICIENCIES IN MANY AREAS OF DEVELOPING ECONOMIES PAYMENTS SYSTEMS CHANGING FROM PAPER TO ELECTRONIC AT FAST PACE ELECTRONIC PLATFORMS GROWING CROSS BORDER PAYMENTS ARE BECOMING SIMPLIFIED

6 BENEFITS OF MFS REDUCE RISK FOR FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS REDUCE OPERATING COSTS IMPROVE ACCESS TO SERVICES BENEFITS OF PAYMENT SYSTEMS (RETAIL & NATIONAL) CONVENIENCE – EASY ACCESS TO FUNDS SAFETY - MORE SECURE THAN CASH PARTICIPATION IN REGIONAL AND GLOBAL ECONOMY - WIDER REACH COST EFFECTIVE - REDUCES COSTS OF CHEQUE AND TRADITIONAL BANKING METHODS RISK REDUCTION - MOVEMENT OF FUNDS IS MONITORED & LIQUIDITY MANAGED EFFICIENT – FASTER PAYMENTS WITH NOTIFICATIONS

7 BASIC CONDITIONS FOR CROSS BORDER PAYMENTS REGULATORY PROPORTIONALITY blend of different regulatory boundaries to allow a framework that provides room for innovation and safeguards against risks legal act to address standard payment system issues regulations, guidelines to address specific aspects proportionate regulations for payment service providers enable non-bank players to offer payment services MARKET COMPETITIVENESS both the financial service sector and other related service providers need to offer cost effective solutions to encourage use of mobile payments END-USER ACCESS consumers must have a basic understanding of financial issues and no cultural or structural impediments to financial access. Thus financial literacy, financial empowerment and mobile penetration are key

8 BASIC CONDITIONS FOR CROSS BORDER PAYMENTS MARKET CATALYSTS Government usage of mobile payments will provide certainty to private sector players to also use this channel Increased demand for retail cross border trade promotes use of mobile payments Robust data collection and monitoring points to areas where more effort will be channelled to promote cross border mobile payments ICT INFRASTRUCTURE Heavy investment in modern technology to attain interoperability, security and easy customisation of technology Fosters creation of national payment networks Fair and transparent access criteria for using infrastructure Ensures cross network acceptance of payment instruments

9 PROGRESS ACHIEVED COMESA REGION HAS MADE STRIDES IN ACHIEVING - Greater mobile financial service use; - Liberalized financial sector; and - Flow of trade and services across its borders THIS HAS BEEN ACHIEVED THROUGH PROMOTING ENABLERS SUCH AS: - Consumer protection - Legal framework - Infrastructure - Risk management

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13 COMESA - INDIA TRADE IN FIGURES Value in US$ Millions YEAR TOTAL EXPORTS TOTAL IMPORTS TOTAL TRADE , , , , ,345 1, ,192 1, ,612 2, ,131 2, ,948 2,877 4, ,854 3,565 5, ,742 6,511 9, ,401 5,365 7, ,678 6,197 7,875

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15 COMESA TOP TWENTY IMPORTS FROM INDIA IN 2010 RankProducts Value (US$ millions) 1 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (excl. crude… 1,406 2 Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or Boneless, frozen meat of bovine animals Transmission apparatus incorporating reception apparatus, for radio-te Motor-cycles with reciprocating internal combustion piston engine cyli Floor coverings of polymers of vinyl chloride, whether or not self-adh Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, of a width >= 600 mm, Single cotton yarn other than sewing thread of combed fibres, containi Transformers, other than liquid dielectric, having a power handling ca Flat-rolled products of iron or steel, of a width >= 600 mm, cold-roll Paper and paperboard, uncoated, in rolls or sheets as specified in not Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the trans Synthetic filament yarn, incl. synthetic monofilament of < 67 decitex, Cement clinkers Structures and parts of structures, of iron or steel, n.e.s. (excl. br Semi-milled or wholly milled rice Co-axial cable and other co-axial electric conductors, insulated Tractors (excl. those of heading no 8709, pedestrian-controlled tracto Printed books, brochures and similar printed matter (excl. those in lo Polyethylene terephthalate, in primary forms 27

16 COMESA TOP 20 EXPORTS TO INDIA IN 2010 RankProducts Value (US$ millions) 1 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude1,011 2 Cotton, neither carded nor combed Coke and semi-coke of coal, of lignite or of peat, whether or not aggl Commercial ammonium carbonate and other ammonium carbonates31 5 Anhydrous ammonia31 6 Natural calcium phosphates, natural aluminium calcium phosphates and p Leather of whole hides of bovine animals, with a surface area of =< Diamonds, unsorted16 9 Black fermented tea and partly fermented tea, whether or not flavoured Dried, shelled peas pisum sativum, whether or not skinned or split14 11 Dried, shelled leguminous vegetables, whether or not skinned or split Natural gas, liquefied13 Natural calcium phosphates, natural aluminium calcium phosphates and p Alfalfa seed for sowing10 15 Sheep or lambskin leather, without wool on, prepared after tanning, in Articles of asphalt or similar materials, e.g. petroleum bitumen or co Medicaments consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or9 18 Dried, shelled kidney beans phaseolus vulgaris, whether or not skinn Precious stones and semi-precious stones, unworked or simply sawn or r Waste and scrap, of copper (excl. ingots or other similar unwrought sh...7

17 REGIONAL PAYMENT AND SETTLEMENT SYSTEM (REPSS) REPSS IS A MULTILATERAL NETTING SYSTEM WITH END-OF-DAY SETTLEMENT ALLOWS FOR SETTLEMENT IN A MULTICURRENCY ENVIRONMENT TRANSACTIONS ARE SETTLED AT SPOT T+0 VALUE T+1 A SINGLE CURRENCY (US$ OR EURO) IS USED FOR NET SETTLEMENT; A SINGLE NOSTRO CORRESPONDENT FOR THE NET SETTLEMENT CURRENCY; THE COMESA CLEARING HOUSE (CCH) ACTS AS AGENT OF CENTRAL BANKS

18 REPSS Objectives STIMULATE ECONOMIC GROWTH THROUGH AN INCREASE OF INTRA- REGIONAL TRADE REDUCE COST AND DURATION OF CROSS BORDER TRANSACTIONS HOMEGROWN SOLUTION, TO BE OPERATED BY THE COMESA COUNTRIES SYSTEM TO BE RELIABLE, SECURE AND PREDICTABLE LOW INVESTMENT AND OPERATIONAL COSTS SETTLEMENT IN HARD CURRENCIES ($,)

19 REPSS FEATURES SYSTEM IS CENTRALLY LOCATED LOCAL BANKS TO ACCESS SYSTEM THROUGH CENTRAL BANKS PAYMENT SYSTEM LINKING CENTRAL BANKS PAYMENTS TO BE EFFECTED THROUGH CLEARING (NOT REAL TIME) PRINCIPLE OF CREDIT PUSH (PRE-FUNDED ACCOUNT) COMPLIANT WITH BIS CORE PRINCIPLES

20 BENEFITS REDUCES NUMBER OF SETTLEMENT TRANSACTIONS REDUCES FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT BANKING CHARGES REDUCES COST OF INTRA-REGIONAL TRADE REDUCES SETTLEMENT TIME PERIOD GUARANTEES PROMPT PAYMENT TO EXPORTER BUILDS TRUST AMONG TRADERS SETTLEMENT FINALITY LEVELS PLAYING FIELD FOR COMMERCIAL BANKS EVENTUALLY ALLOWS TRADE ON OPEN ACCOUNT

21 PAYMENT & SETTLEMENT FLOWS

22 Traditional Cross Border Payment

23 T+0 T+1 REPSS REPSS Model

24 Q&A


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