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Pedagogical Issues and Mobile Learning Ben Bachmair, University of Kassel, Germany AERA Symposium "Outside in and inside out: interdisciplinarity and mobile.

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Presentation on theme: "Pedagogical Issues and Mobile Learning Ben Bachmair, University of Kassel, Germany AERA Symposium "Outside in and inside out: interdisciplinarity and mobile."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pedagogical Issues and Mobile Learning Ben Bachmair, University of Kassel, Germany AERA Symposium "Outside in and inside out: interdisciplinarity and mobile learning research"

2 The feature of a culture ecologic approach to mobile learning Mobile devices /media and mobile learning are -cultural resources among others -within a mobile complex of socio-cultural structures (mobile, individualised mass communication, socio-cultural milieus ), agency (habitus) and cultural practices (media use, informal + learning in the school). -They can be assimilated by the school by conversational and contextual options (e.g. naïve expertise) -with the intention to support participation (focus on at- risk learners).

3 Topics of the presentation 1.A culture ecological view on the mobile complex, its structures, agency and practices 2.The schools challenges towards socio-cultural changing and its mobile complex 3.At-risk learners and their cultural participation 4.Assimilation of (4.1) conversational and (4.2) contextual options of students practices into the school.

4 1 A culture ecological view on the mobile complex, its structures, agency and practices

5 The general model for developing educational reactions to socio-cultural changing Anthony Giddens(1984): Structuration; the relation of social structures and agency Stuart Hall (1997): Media in the circulation between cultural practices

6 Structures -The socio-cultural complex of individualisation within the society of individualised risks, socio-cultural milieus - Partial failing of the school for socially specific learners (PISA results; at risk learners) and the increasing informal learning outside the school, - Individualised and mobile mass communication.

7 The changing structures of mass communication: individualised, mobile Away from professionally edited and institutionally delivered content to Web 2.0 and the ubiquitous individualised mobile production of content and contexts by means of the convergent mobile phone which coins and challenges the agency of the people. This leads to cultural practices like to use media internet platforms e.g. YouTube for specific application like the video of the mobile.

8 Agency - Learning as meaning making in a variety of situations which are not restricted to the school, - Habitus for individualized learning within divergent socio-cultural milieus, which leads to informal learning, - Naïve expertise which is individually appropriated on personal definitions of relevance. - Personal definition of relevant contexts within media induced spaces, e.g. Web 2.0.

9 Cultural practices of learning -Increase of informal learning outside the school -curricular learning in traditional modes (driven by a teacher and learning subjects) and in flexible modes (situated, constructivist, collaborative) with at-risk learners as a feature of the individualisation of risks,

10 2. The mobile complex and the schools options

11 The socio-cultural complex of mobile devices *Brought mobile devices into everyday life within media convergence; *Reinforces individualization by mobility; *Transforms agency: mobile expertise; *Transforms mass communication: mobile, individualized and convergence contexts Children and young people as students with their agency and their resources within their cultural practices: *informal learning *mobile expertise *habitus of learning Schools option: Banning of mobiles or Assimilation of *informal learning *mobile expertise *habitus of learning By means of *taking up conversational threads of the students; *docking to the students generated contexts as zones of proximal development

12 3. At-risk learners and their cultural participation 3.1 PISA –Results The school lost its defining power on what is learning. The school necessary U-turn on new cultural resources and the new social inequality. 3.2 New habitus of learning in socio-cultural milieus

13 3.1 The PISA deficit group in reading PROGRAMME FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT Result of the PISA Study: There are risk groups * Boys * from migrant families, * from low levelled school * lower layer of social stratification and income

14 3.2 Habitus of a migrant male students The case of Cyril, a 18 year old boy with a migrant background within the socio-cultural milieu of a hedonistic subculture (Sinus Sociovision): Self idealisation as an underdog, but better than the silly Germans; To investigate the real German underdogs and to have fun by risks; Conflict with the police.

15 4. The idea of assimilation: Bringing outside in Cyrills cultural practice outside Cyrill uploaded mobile videos. Cyrill is brought to court because of a video which shows - among other - the harassment of homeless men and of a video with Nazi symbols.

16 Assimilation of the school by Conversational options (Laurillard 2007, p. 160) = knotting conversational threads Context options = Docking at user generated contexts as zones of proximal development (Vygotsky 1930, 1934) Quelle: http://www.sinus- sociovision.de/grafik/everyday-life- segmente.jpg, 4. September 2007

17 The curricular task = assimilation by * prolonging conversational threads * docking user generated contexts as zone of proximal development into / at to the school practice

18 Still Images from Cyrills mobile video which depicts and harasses homeless drunk

19 Stills from Cyrills Video

20

21 4.1 Assimilative conversational options Conversational threads on regional cultural values taken by police, newspaper, law institutions, institutions of social care for homeless

22 Further conversational threads -Investigation of social situations at the edge of the main stream society = can lead to investigative learning activities. -Professional expertise indicated by the logo in English Cyril pictures. -Peers and software expertise. -Lifestyle and hair designer. -Empathy between the unsavoury old drunk and Cyrill. -Verbal provocation on the web

23 A boy asks Cyrill as an expert for websites: CYRILL wie hasT du dich selber als hinTERgruND gemaCHt? Sag mal bitte peace. Cyrill how did you make yourself as background? Say it please peace. Conversational thread: peers, software expertise

24 Conversational thread: verbal provocation http://www.linktakas.net/video/95654/Augsburg_-_CYRILL_- _Die_Legende_kehrt_zur%FCck.html, 9_Jan_2008 Ünlü Videoları Taglar : Augsburg - - - CYRILL - - - Die - Legende - kehrt - zurück – A?iklamasi : Nachdem alle meine Videos aus YouTube gelöscht worden sind, hab ich einen neuen C.Y.R.I.L.L TRAILER erstellt peace xxx porn slut Jenny McCarthy Jim Carrey Playboy MTV uncensored Carmen Electra bunny Brad Pitt tits til death cock bikini msn webcam hack camera porn tape sex paris hilton in jail analita anal lover anal teen tryouts bangbros assparade blowjob for free eat nuts suck dick carmen electra jessica alba fantastic four uncensored tits nipple slip pussy vagina stick show tits ups upskirt Izlenme : 161 Kere Izlendi

25 4.2 Assimilative Context options for development Docking at user generated contexts as proximal zones of development (Vygotsky 1930, 1934) Context of the peer group of boys in late puberty, during the night, flaneurs looking for cool fun; Occasional contact(s) to a young right wing German male adult; Nazi symbols.

26 Further contextual options for development -Socio-cultural milieu and habitus, -Socio-cultural milieu and lifestyle, -Identity, expertise, self images.

27 Länderübergreifend: Sinus-Meta-Milieus ® http://www.sinus-sociovision.de/grafik/everyday-life- segmente.jpg, 4. Sept. 2007

28 Basic milieu (= context) orientation in habitus and developmental terms of the hedonistic-subcultural milieu (BC3, escapists) in the migration context (Sinus Sociovision 2007, p. 65) -on the basis of the experienced social exclusion (self image of being a Kanak), on the one hand the dream of a rich life in Germany with easy money making, luxury, prestige (Kohle scheffeln und Spaß haben); on the other hand resignation and a defiant (trotzig) underdog mentality: being unemployed, without chances, discouraged;

29 -(partly aggressive) distance to the mainstream of society together with not being adjusted – for example, in the outfit, in behaviour and language –, conflicts with authority and authorities (parents, teachers, supervisor, police); on one hand disapproval of demands for integration and achievement, and on the other hand the desire for success, appreciation, a higher income and a better job;

30 - orientation towards the here and now, hardly any long term and future planning, uncontrolled spending of money, financial problems, often no perspective for the future (Null Bock), insecurity, being passive.

31 The context / zone options in terms of lifestyle and living room Reference: Migranten-Milieus Qualitative Untersuchung der Lebenswelten von Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund in Deutschland. Eine Multi-Client-Studie von Sinus Sociovision. Basisbericht. Heidelberg, Oktober 2007 Sinus Sociovision GmbH Ezanvillestraße 59 / D-69118 Heidelberg Postfach 251265 / D-69080 Heidelberg HRB 332922 Mannheim Geschäftsführer: Dorothea Nowak, Berthold Flaig Telefon: +49 (0) 6221-8089-0 / Telefax: +49 (0) 6221-8089-25 E-mail: sinus@sociovision.de Web: http://www.sinus-sociovision.de

32 Developmental context/ zone options for identity and expertise on myspace.com

33 Developmental zone of self images and identity

34

35 The curricular task = assimilation by * prolonging conversational threads * docking user generated contexts as zone of proximal development into / at to the school practice

36 The planning model 4 parameters for analysis and planning (needs empirical evaluation) (A): Learning set Practice of the school ---- practices of mobile media (B): Relation to the object of learning Mimetic reproduction ---- personal reconstruction (C): Basis of the institutional support for teaching and learning School curriculum ---- personal expertise (D): Media and Modes of representation Discrete (linear; mono medial, mono modal) – convergent


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