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The future of energy in Germany – Towards an age of renewables Dr. Georg Maue, First Secretary Climate and Energy Policy Embassy of the Federal Republic.

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Presentation on theme: "The future of energy in Germany – Towards an age of renewables Dr. Georg Maue, First Secretary Climate and Energy Policy Embassy of the Federal Republic."— Presentation transcript:

1 The future of energy in Germany – Towards an age of renewables Dr. Georg Maue, First Secretary Climate and Energy Policy Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany 2300 M Street NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20037 Tel: +1 (202) 4715 538 Fax: +1 (202) 298 4391 E-mail: wi-6@wash.diplo.dewi-6@wash.diplo.de

2 2 Introducing the Energiewende (1. Message) There is abundance of Renewables – even in Germany in addition: with energy efficiency we only need a fraction of the todays demand! DemandRE Potential

3 3 US, Spain have large solar potentials, but even with Germanys small potential...

4 4...huge installed capacities are possible and efficient (provided a policy support) Todays installed PV Cap. in Germany is over 27.000 MW !

5 5 an example for US

6 6 Introducing the Energiewende (2. Message) The Energiewende is a VERY COMPLEX PROCESS Why? It means transforming almost all of today's energy supply it involves all players in the energy business and all consumers it is about a new design of supply and demand chains and patterns etc. This entails.. mechanisms and costs/benefits are hardly understood misleading messages by politics, lobbies and media

7 7 Introducing the Energiewende (3. Message) The Energiewende offers immense BENEFITS for economy, environment and energy security Why? efficiency saves energy demand and costs new investments, new jobs, more innovation and research costs for traditional fuels and power plants rise, those for RE installations decrease drastic reduction of emissions (GHG and pollutants) This entails: all serious projections show the Energiewende path is clearly advantageous compared to the business as usual for economy, society and climate

8 8 Guidelines for political action The BASIS: A triangle of three energy policy goals Economic efficiency Environmental compatibility Supply security

9 9 Energy supply in Germany today: Not secure We import 70% infinite energy sources Not efficient Fossil fuels cost rise, they have high external costs Not environmentally compatible Greenhouse gases and air pollutants we need to restructure towards sustainable energy supply The status quo

10 10 1.secure: sustainable and reliable energy ressources (less imports) 2.economic: long term at affordable prices (no/less external costs) 3.environmental friendly: no/less emissions of pollutants or greenhouse gases only renewable energies meet these criteria energy concept concentrates on renewable energies and energy efficiency (in order to reduce the denominator (= energy demand)) What does sustainable energy policy mean?

11 11 The Energy Concept:Approach: Long-term, comprehensive and specific: 1. Long-term: Timeline 2050 2. Comprehensive: All relevant sectors 3. Specific: Targets Measures: ca. 180 specific measures Funding Monitoring The Generation-Programme The German Government's Energy Concept

12 12 Targets of the energy concept

13 13 1. Renewable energy sources: Rapid, continuous expansion Cost-efficient and environmentally friendly 2. Future grids: Flexible and powerful Integration of electricity from renewable sources 3. Efficiency: Reduce energy consumption Ensure efficiency Energy Concept: A three-pronged approach

14 14 Effects of the German nuclear phase out In the aftermath of the Fukushima catastrophe Germany shut down the 7 eldest NPP The German Energy Transformation in June 2011 laid down to speed up the implementation of the energy concept and to phase out nuclear power faster (similar to the 2001 decision)

15 15 Power companies, some industries and critics said this will: let electricity prices (spot market and futures) explode, CO2 certificate prices will increase (by 5 /t CO2) Germany will become net importer of electricity the grid will collapse – black outs at Christmas CO2 emissions will rise Effects of the German nuclear phase out

16 16 The reality looks like: after a short increase during spring, electricity prices on the stock market continued to fall and are at 5-years low

17 17 CO2 prices went down by 60 %!

18 18 Germany remains net electricity exporter

19 19 GHG emissions continued to decrease while economy rose

20 20 Compensation of NPP

21 21 Targets and Success so far with Renewable Energies

22 22 Summary The transformation of the German energy system (the Energiewende) 1.is needed to achieve sustainable energy supply 2.is beneficial: for economy (costs, energy security), society (jobs) and climate 3.is a complex task, which needs a generation to implement it 4.needs political will and a programme: the Energy Concept 2050 5.Renewables, intelligent grids and energy efficiency are key ! If it happens in Germany, it can happen everywhere!


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