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XML Schema 2005. 7. 14 Heewon Lee. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Concepts 3. Example 4. Conclusion.

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Presentation on theme: "XML Schema 2005. 7. 14 Heewon Lee. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Concepts 3. Example 4. Conclusion."— Presentation transcript:

1 XML Schema Heewon Lee

2 Contents 1. Introduction 2. Concepts 3. Example 4. Conclusion

3 DTD DTD (Document Type Definition) –Definition of the document structure with a list of legal elements –Internal or external declaration Why use a DTD? –Each document can carry its own format –For interchanging data, a common DTD can be used –Using DTD, applications can verify that data is valid Example 1. Introduction

4 XML Schema –Alternative to DTD –Description of the structure of an XML document –XML Schema language = XSD (XML Schema Definition) Why use XML Schema? –Supports data types –Uses XML syntax –Secures data communication –Extensible Example 1. Introduction

5 Referencing method Internal reference to DTD Reference to XML Schema External reference to DTD

6 1. Introduction Why XML Schema is better than DTD With the support for data types, it is easier to –Describe permissible document content –Validate the correctness of data –Work with data from a database –Define restrictions on data –Define data pattern (data formats) –Convert data between different data types. With the use of XML syntax, you –Dont have to learn another language –Can use your XML editor to edit your Schema files –Can use your XML parser to parse your Schema files. With an extensible Schema definition, you can –Reuse your Schema in other schemas –Create your own data types derived from standard types –Reference multiple schemas from the same document.

7 Framework of note.xsd... Root element Namespace should be prefixed xs Target namespace Default namespace Must be namespace qualified 2. Concepts

8 Referencing a schema Tove Jani Reminder Don't forget me this weekend! Default namespace XML Schema Instance namespace Namespace name Location of the XML Schema 2. Concepts

9 Simple Types XSD Elements –XML elements that can contain only text –Example XSD Attributes –If an element has attributes, its of complex type. Attribute itself is declared as a simple type. –Example XSD Restrictions –Used to control acceptable values for XML elements or attributes –Example 2. Concepts

10 Complex Types (1) A complex element contains other elements and/or attributes. 1. XSD Complex Empty Elements –Can contain attributes, but cannot have no content between the opening and closing tags –Example 2. XSD Complex Type Elements Only –Contains an element that contains only other elements –Example 2. Concepts

11 Complex Types (2) 3. XSD Complex Text-Only Elements –Can contain both attributes and text –Example 4. XSD Complex Types With Mixed Content –Can contain attributes, elements and text –Example 2. Concepts

12 Common XML Schema Data types xs:string xs:decimal xs:integer xs:boolean xs:data xs:time

13 XML Validation Test (1) 3. Example

14 XML Validation Test (2) John Smith Ola Nordmann Langgt Stavanger Norway Empire Burlesque Special Edition Hide your heart shiporder.xsdshiporder.xml 3. Example

15 XML Validation Test (3) 3. Example

16 References Specifications –W3C Recommendation 28 October 2004 (http://www.w3.org/XML/Schema) XML Schema Part 0: Primer Second Edition XML Schema Part 1: Structures Second Edition XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition Tutorial –XML Schema –XML DTD

17 Conclusion XML Schema is better than DTA because of –Support for datatypes –High extensibility by using XML syntax XSD types –Simple Types –Complex Types 4. Conclusion

18 Q/A ? Question? ? ? ? ?


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