Presentation on theme: "1 REPUBLIC OF CROATIA MINISTRY OF INTERIOR GENERAL POLICE DIRECTORATE CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE POLICE NATIONAL OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION."— Presentation transcript:
1 REPUBLIC OF CROATIA MINISTRY OF INTERIOR GENERAL POLICE DIRECTORATE CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE POLICE NATIONAL OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND ORGANIZED CRIME Zagreb, May 2012
2 PRESUMPTIONS AND PRECONDITIONS LEGAL BASIS For the purpose of the improvement of criminal prosecution system a new CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE [Cro.abbr. ZKP] has been adopted (entered into force on 1 January 2009 for most complex criminal offences end organized crime criminal offences. For all other criminal offences vacatio legis.); A Criminal procedure that revokes court and establishes public prosecutors inquiry has been reformed. Important novelty State attorney is the subject that leads the inquiry. For harmonization with the new Criminal Procedure Code ther have been adopted: Public Prosecutors Office Law and Law on USKOK – entered into force on 1 July 2009 and Police Matters and Powers Act – entered into force on 1 July 2009
3 I N S T I T U T I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T Criminal Police of the Ministry of Interor has been reorganized (twinning project with experts from Netherlands–MATRA project). During 2008 within General Police Directorate, Criminal Police Directorate a Police National Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime (PNUSKOK) has been established. PNUSKOK = new national unit that, besides central, strategic wing (within Criminal Police Direcotrate) consists of 4 REGIONAL DEPARTMENTS. This structure is organizationally compatible with the structure of the Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime (USKOK); basic principles for national units functioning are: adaptability and flexibility.
DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL POLICE COOPERATION ANTI TERRORISM DEPARTMENT WITNESS PROTECTION DEPARTMENT CRIMINAL TECHNIQUES DEPARTMENT GENERAL CRIME DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT OF WAR CRIMES CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE ORGANISED CRIME DEPARTMENT DRUGS DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT FOR ECONOMIC CRIME AND CORRUPTION CRIME ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT CRIME INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENT SPECIAL CRIM.INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENT Department for suppression of corruption and organised crime ZAGREB Department for suppression of corruption and organised crime OSIJEK Department for suppression of corruption and organised crime RIJEKA Department for suppression of corruption and organised crime SPLIT INTERPOL SECTION EUROPOL SECTION TELECOMMUNICATIONS CENTER NATIONAL POLICE OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND ORGANISED CRIME SECTOR FOR SUPPORT OF CRIMINAL POLICE GENERAL CRIME, TERRORISM AND WAR CRIME SECTOR
ORGANISED CRIME DEPARTMENT DRUGS DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC CRIMES AND CORRUPTION CRIME ANALYSIS DEPARTMENT CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENT DEPARTMENT FOR SPECIAL CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS Department ZAGREB Department OSIJEK Department RIJEKA Department SPLIT NATIONAL POLICE OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND ORGANISED CRIME PNUSKOK-STRATEGIC WINGPNUSKOK – OPERATIVE WING Section ZAGREBSection OSIJEK Section RIJEKA Section SPLIT Section ZAGREBSection OSIJEKSection RIJEKASection SPLIT Section ZAGREBSection OSIJEKSection RIJEKASection SPLIT USKOK USKOK courts USKOK VERTICAL HEAD
6 PNUSKOK - COMPETENCE -Crime investigation of complex national and organized crime BASIC PRACTICAL GUIDELINES: -Crime investigation in the area of two or more Police Districts; -Crime investigation in the area of several states with the need of establishment of international police cooperation; -Crime investigation of eminent bearers of the most difficult forms of criminal offences (OCTA eng. Organised CrimeThreat Assesment); -Crime investigation of most complex forms of criminal offences from the domain of complex or organized crime;
PNUSKOK - STRATEGIC WING Follows and studies certain forms of corruption and organized crime, their trends and manor of execution, Involvment in international activities regarding problems which they are facing, Managing of international projects in special areas, Setting up of metods and modes in discovering and suppressing of criminal offences from their domain, Assesment of Crime Threats (strategic evaluation) from their domain (OCTA etc.), Drafting and proposing of normative acts and special reports, Proffessional and advisory aid in specific crime investigations of regional centers and police districts.
8 PNUSKOK – OPERATIVE WING Directly carries out crime investigations in their domain Teams consist of specialists in certain areas: crime investigation leader, operative analyst, police officers in specialized professions (organized crime, drugs, economic crime), experts in financial investigations. Adaptability and flexibility principles in the formation of teams, depending on the subject of crime investigation Competence is usually of regional character, BUT teams can consist of members of several operative wing.
INTERAGENCY COOPERATION – as a prerequisite of synergy effect of the investigation Protocol on cooperation of the State Attorneys Office and police during pretrial and trial proceedings is concluded between the General Police Directorate of the Ministry of the Interior and the State Attorneys Office of the Republic of Croatia. Protocol on data access in criminal records, misdemeanour records, records of assigned personal identification nubmers and records of permanent and temporary residence, concluded between the Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Justice.
Agreement on exchange of data in pretrial phase of proceedings between USKOK and the General Police Directorate Standard operative procedure on a way of exchange of intelligence data between the Ministry of Justice, Directorate for prison system and the Ministry of the Interior, General Police Directorate. Protocol on cooperation and exchange of information between the General Police Directorate and the competent services of the Ministry of Finance (Customs Administration, Tax Administration, Financial Police, Foreign Currency Inspectorate and the Office for suppression of money laundering)
11 We can assume that, during integration proceces of the Republic of Croatia into the EU, along with legal business opportunity expansion, organized criminal groups will try to take advantage of possibilities that the new market for profit gaining in the Republic of Croatia gives them. Moving of the Schengen border towards the east will require increased activities for suppression of drugs, humans and goods trafficing through so called Balcan route. Abolition of border controls within the EU can be considered as a mitigating factor for criminal groups because it reduces the risk of detection of smuggled goods. It is possible to expect that the additional growth of demand for unskilled labour will convert the Republic of Croatia from transit country to the country of destination for illegal migrants and victims of human trafficing. EXPECTATIONS AND TRENDS
12 The predictions; The trend analysis; Taking into account information gathered on the basis of international police cooperation; Adjustment to the new circumstances the important and inevitable part of the job within the Criminal Police Directorate and the Police National Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime. The ILP (Inteligence Led Policing-a) concept in its headway emphasis the crime-inteligence analysis and a proactive approach of the organised crime suppression. The focus of the police interests is moving from a reactive to the proactive acting. OCTA and stategic evaluation on national, regional and local level are important diagnostic tool representing the direction for future work. An insight in the OCTA at the European level trends, preparation, respond.