Presentation on theme: "REPUBLIC OF CROATIA MINISTRY OF INTERIOR GENERAL POLICE DIRECTORATE CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE POLICE NATIONAL OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND."— Presentation transcript:
1 REPUBLIC OF CROATIA MINISTRY OF INTERIOR GENERAL POLICE DIRECTORATE CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE POLICE NATIONAL OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND ORGANIZED CRIMEZagreb, May 2012
2 PRESUMPTIONS AND PRECONDITIONS LEGAL BASIS For the purpose of the improvement of criminal prosecution system a new CRIMINAL PROCEDURE CODE [Cro.abbr. ZKP] has been adopted(entered into force on 1 January 2009 for most complex criminal offences end organized crime criminal offences. For all other criminal offences vacatio legis.);A Criminal procedure that revokes court and establishes “public prosecutor’s inquiry” has been reformed.Important novelty State attorney is the subject that leads the inquiry.For harmonization with the new Criminal Procedure Code ther have been adopted:Public Prosecutor’s Office Law and Law on USKOK – entered into force on 1 July 2009 andPolice Matters and Powers Act – entered into force on 1 July 2009
3 I N S T I T U T I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T Criminal Police of the Ministry of Interor has been reorganized (twinning project with experts from Netherlands–MATRA project).During 2008 within General Police Directorate, Criminal Police Directorate a Police National Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime (PNUSKOK) has been established.PNUSKOK = new national unit that, besides central, strategic wing (within Criminal Police Direcotrate) consists of 4 REGIONAL DEPARTMENTS. This structure is organizationally compatible with the structure of the Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime (USKOK); basic principles for national units’ functioning are:adaptability and flexibility.
4 CRIMINAL POLICE DIRECTORATE NATIONAL POLICE OFFICE FOR SUPPRESSION OF CORRUPTION AND ORGANISED CRIMESECTOR FOR SUPPORT OF CRIMINAL POLICEGENERAL CRIME, TERRORISM AND WAR CRIME SECTORORGANISED CRIMEDEPARTMENTGENERAL CRIME DEPARTMENTDEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL POLICE COOPERATIONDRUGS DEPARTMENTDEPARTMENT FOR ECONOMICCRIME AND CORRUPTIONANTI TERRORISM DEPARTMENTINTERPOL SECTIONCRIME ANALYSIS DEPARTMENTEUROPOL SECTIONDEPARTMENT OF WAR CRIMESCRIME INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENTTELECOMMUNICATIONS CENTERSPECIAL CRIM.INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENTWITNESS PROTECTION DEPARTMENTDepartment for suppression of corruptionand organised crime ZAGREBDepartment for suppression of corruptionand organised crime OSIJEKCRIMINAL TECHNIQUES DEPARTMENTDepartment for suppression of corruptionand organised crime RIJEKADepartment for suppression of corruptionand organised crime SPLIT
6 PNUSKOK - COMPETENCECrime investigation of complex national and organized crimeBASIC PRACTICAL GUIDELINES:Crime investigation in the area of two or more Police Districts;Crime investigation in the area of several states with the need of establishment of international police cooperation;Crime investigation of eminent bearers of the most difficult forms of criminal offences (OCTA eng. Organised CrimeThreat Assesment);Crime investigation of most complex forms of criminal offences from the domain of complex or organized crime;nadležan za provođenje aktivnosti vezanih sa rješavanje složenog i organiziranog kriminaliteta na nacionalnoj razini :kriminalističke obrade koje se provode na prostoru dvije ili više policijskih uprava;kriminalističke obrade u kojima je potrebna međunarodna policijska suradnja i koje se provode na teritoriju nekoliko zemalja;kriminalističke obrade istaknutih nositelja najtežih oblika kriminaliteta (OCTA);kriminalističke obrade najsloženijih oblika kaznenih djela iz domene složenog ili organiziranog kriminaliteta.
7 PNUSKOK - STRATEGIC WING Follows and studies certain forms of corruption and organized crime, their trends and manor of execution,Involvment in international activities regarding problems which they are facing,Managing of international projects in special areas,Setting up of metods and modes in discovering and suppressing of criminal offences from their domain,Assesment of Crime Threats (strategic evaluation) from their domain (OCTA etc.),Drafting and proposing of normative acts and special reports,Proffessional and advisory aid in specific crime investigations of regional centers and police districts.
8 PNUSKOK – OPERATIVE WING Directly carries out crime investigations in their domainTeams consist of specialists in certain areas: crime investigation leader, operative analyst, police officers in specialized professions (organized crime, drugs, economic crime), experts in financial investigations.Adaptability and flexibility principles in the formation of teams, depending on the subject of crime investigationCompetence is usually of regional character, BUT teams can consist of members of several operative wing.
9 INTERAGENCY COOPERATION – as a prerequisite of synergy effect of the investigation Protocol on cooperation of the State Attorney’s Office and police during pretrial and trial proceedings is concluded between the General Police Directorate of the Ministry of the Interior and the State Attorney’s Office of the Republic of Croatia.Protocol on data access in criminal records, misdemeanour records, records of assigned personal identification nubmers and records of permanent and temporary residence, concluded between the Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Justice.
10 Protocol on cooperation and exchange of information between the General Police Directorate and the competent services of the Ministry of Finance (Customs Administration, Tax Administration, Financial Police, Foreign Currency Inspectorate and the Office for suppression of money laundering)Agreement on exchange of data in pretrial phase of proceedings between USKOK and the General Police DirectorateStandard operative procedure on a way of exchange of intelligence data between the Ministry of Justice, Directorate for prison system and the Ministry of the Interior, General Police Directorate.
11 EXPECTATIONS AND TRENDS We can assume that, during integration proceces of the Republic of Croatia into the EU, along with legal business opportunity expansion, organized criminal groups will try to take advantage of possibilities that the new market for profit gaining in the Republic of Croatia gives them.Moving of the Schengen border towards the east will require increased activities for suppression of drugs, humans and goods trafficing through so called „Balcan route“. Abolition of border controls within the EU can be considered as a mitigating factor for criminal groups because it reduces the risk of detection of smuggled goods.It is possible to expect that the additional growth of demand for unskilled labour will convert the Republic of Croatia from transit country to the country of destination for illegal migrants and victims of human trafficing.
12 The predictions;The trend analysis;Taking into account information gathered on the basis of international police cooperation;Adjustment to the new circumstances the important and inevitable part of the job within the Criminal Police Directorate and the Police National Office for Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime.The ILP (Inteligence Led Policing-a) concept in its headway emphasis the crime-inteligence analysis and a proactive approach of the organised crime suppression.The focus of the police interests is moving from a reactive to the proactive acting.OCTA and stategic evaluation on national, regional and local level are important diagnostic “tool” representing the direction for future work.An insight in the OCTA at the European level trends, preparation, respond.