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® Applying Semantic Web Technology to the Life Cycle Support of Complex Engineering Assets David Price and Rob Bodington ISWC.

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Presentation on theme: "® Applying Semantic Web Technology to the Life Cycle Support of Complex Engineering Assets David Price and Rob Bodington ISWC."— Presentation transcript:

1 ® Applying Semantic Web Technology to the Life Cycle Support of Complex Engineering Assets David Price and Rob Bodington ISWC 2004

2 ® Agenda What is Product Life Cycle Support? Implementing PLCS The Requirements and Approach for Reference Data Future use of full Semantic Web capabilities Sources of Reference Data Pilot Project Conclusions

3 ® What is PLCS? ISO Product Life Cycle Support, part of STEP –Information model for system integration and data exchange PLCS scope is support of complex assets (e.g. ships) –Configuration Management : As-Designed, As-Realized, As- Maintained –Support Engineering : Support Required (activities, tasks, resources) –Resource Management : Spares, Who/what/when –Maintenance and Feedback : Failures, Replacements, … Life cycle measured in decades –80-90 percent of the cost of a ship to UK MoD is after delivery

4 ® What is STEP? Formally, ISO Product data representation and exchange –Written in ISO EXPRESS, an OO-style language roughly equivalent to UML Static Class Diagrams Commonly called STEP – Standard for the exchange of Product Model Data Not something new, first STEP parts reached International Standard status in 1994 STEP scope is vast and varied –under development for 15+ years –Ship Moulded Forms, Printed Circuit Boards, Finite Element Analysis, Systems Engineering, …

5 ® The Approach to the PLCS standards In ISO, standardize flexible information model –ability to classify using external classes is built into the model –200 PLCS information model concepts require Reference Data Outside ISO, standardize user guides and Reference Data –OASIS PLCS Technical Committee formed for this purpose US DoD, UK MoD, BAE Systems, DNV, Norwegian Defence, FMV, Boeing, LockheedMartin, Saab, Rolls Royce, Pennant, Eurostep, and LSC Group are members Enable non-standard Reference Data extensions –Enables further tailoring and contracting for PLCS-based exchange between partners

6 ® PLCS Requirements ISO Information Model OASIS Reference Data

7 ® Linked Reference Data Libraries XML exchange document MM S translate to PLCS translate from PLCS classification HUMS Health and Usage Monitoring System on board a ship Maintenance Management System Basic PLCS Implementation Scenario

8 ® What to do about Reference Data? UK MoD contracted Eurostep to do a survey of candidates for Reference Data Definition of Reference Data –The semantics required to complete an information model for use in data exchange scenarios Goal –Determine best approach for PLCS Reference Data Scenario –Automating failure reporting using PLCS-based data exchange Technical Assumptions –Exchange based on PLCS EXPRESS->XML Schema –Enable inclusion and reference to Reference Data –Standard Reference Data is extended in implementing organization

9 ® RD requirements arising … Define RD and relationship to PLCS information model Need class hierarchy, properties and the associated documentation Easy browsing and operational use on Web and in internal applications Formally relate organization-specific extensions to standard RD Integrate extensions into standard RD over time, as appropriate Enable Net-Centric implementation Support for very large Reference Data Libraries Support XML-based exchange Support Reference Data to be embedded, exchanged or referenced Support addition of business rules and constraints

10 ® Recommendations After reviewing OASIS, OMG, W3C and ISO standards, decided OWL was best fit for requirements and community Also recommended RD developers use a specific set of tools to minimize risk –Stanford University Protégé with OWL plug-in –Pre-loaded a template containing PLCS schema, high level RDL, etc. for RD developers Approach approved by OASIS PLCS TC in March 2004

11 ® Why this approach? OWL satisfies RD modeling requirements –Class, multiple inheritance, properties, datatypes, instances, reuse of models EXPRESS modelers understand base concepts already OWL satisfies the IT requirements –Has an XML syntax, Web enabled, can map to RDBMS Aligns with ISO standards having potentially reusable Reference Data –ISO Oil and Gas data warehouse standard Other factors –Industry and academic support and open-source tools available –Large community with no STEP knowledge know OWL

12 ® PLCS Ontologies When Deployed plcs-express plcs-dcplcs-dcterms MoD-rdl-extensions plcs-refdata plcs-rdl Dublin Core Elements and Terms (read-only) PLCS EXPRESS as OWL (read-only) Reference Data for PLCS Editors Reference Data for PLCS Users (read-only) Reference Data for Organization Editors XML exchange document classification subClassOf import

13 ® The EXPRESS/RD OWL Relation PLCS Schema Classes RD Classes subClassOf PLCS Schema Classes

14 ® Benefits to OWL approach For business processes and rules, reasoners and related technology have potential use While PLCS data exchange isnt Semantic Web, approach lays the foundation for future PLCS Semantic Web applications Makes PLCS Reference Data usable by non-PLCS applications –The STEP Systems Engineering community standard, ISO , planning to adopt this approach and reuse PLCS Reference Data

15 ® Onboard Location Management System distance = 8000km distance = 16000km Shore-based Maintenance Planning System MPS Ship data Report to shipyard for engine maintenance Onboard Location Management System Future use case: Automated planning

16 ® Engineering Data Interoperability STEP, EXPRESS MDA,UML OWL,CL Software Modeling/Engineering Interoperability Region Semantic Integration and Knowledge Interoperability Region Data Exchange/Integration Interoperability Region Concepts Properties Relationships Harry Frisch ISO 15926? ISO ? OMG ODM? OMG ODM ISO Still looking for the Killer App or Demo

17 ® Sources of Reference Data UK MoD, NATO and other standards –Codifications of tasks, skills, etc. ISO Oil and Gas data warehouse projects (also called EPISTLE Core Model) –4D ontology-based model submitted to IEEE Standard Upper Ontology Working Group, written in EXPRESS –Equipment types and some activity types (20K classes undergoing ISO standardization at the moment) –ISO community is investigating OWL as standard form of their reference data Expecting 100K+ classes in multiple servers for full PLCS implementation

18 ® Issue : Ontology Management This use case is not based in the World Wild Web –Ontologies are engineering artefacts used in complex systems –Some Ontologies are International and/or Industry Standards –Software diff for versioning not sufficient for this community –Protégé Server anyone can change anything not sufficient for this community Change Management and Configuration Control of Ontologies (at least Class level) is required –This discipline is well understood in the engineering domain Issues raised, proposals made, solutions approved, etc. –We lack Ontology tools for this at the moment and so are forced to use lots of separate OWL files and CVS – its not pretty

19 ®

20 ® Issue : Ontology Subset or View Using organizations contract for complex assets and software to manage them –The Reference Data required needs to be stated in the contract –Typical contract will not require all the Reference Data Organizations need to specify a subset or view defining the Reference Data for the contract –Investigating Protégé PROMPT Plug-in but also investigating a Class-of-Class approach –Have tried to avoid Class of Class as then the RD is no longer DL

21 ® Pilots progress since the paper …

22 ® UK MoD RDL Server prototype Implement OWL RDL Database Defined RDL content using Protégé Define API As web services Web clients PLCS applications Define queries RD extensions (TBD)

23 ® PLCS applications using the RDL Server: FMV model server FMV Model Server is a STEP-based PLM capability for Web-enabled collaboration –Implements a significant portion of PLCS Pilot project extended Model Server to use RD –Accesses RDL Server to allow dynamic classification of: Activities, Parts, Documents –We could do this as Model Server is an extension of a Eurostep product called Share-A-space Business benefits –Dynamically configurable PLM/PLCS application

24 ® When creating an Item, click green plus-sign to add new Classes from the RDL Server.

25 ® Select Classes from RDL Server to use in Model Server

26 ® The classes are now selectable in the listbox. Model Server has cached a copy. Choose one. The classes are now selectable in the listbox. Model Server has cached a copy. Choose one.

27 ® The Item is classified. Mouse-over Class and its definition appears. The Item is classified. Mouse-over Class and its definition appears. In a way, Model Server is allowed engineers to annotate their PLM data for SW

28 ® Typical RDL Web Service Query Query: What Classes are allowed when classifying an Identification assignment applied to a Product as realized? Answer: Serial identification code and Name. But not Activity identification code or Part number Restriction works for simple case, may need rules later (SWRL?)

29 ® Conclusion The flexibility defined in the PLCS approach allows it to be used across a wide domain –However, that flexibility means PLCS implementation depends on Reference Data OWL provides very good capabilities for defining, reusing, publishing and relating information models and reference data –By being Web-enabled, RDLs can be linked and distributed –OWL also enables the future use of knowledge/logic applications as part of PLCS implementations

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