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EXPERIENCES OF RURAL BIO-RESOURCE COMPLEX PROJECT IN INTENSIFICATION OF SMALL FARM HOLDINGS Dr.K.Narayana Gowda Principle Investigator & Vice Chancellor.

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Presentation on theme: "EXPERIENCES OF RURAL BIO-RESOURCE COMPLEX PROJECT IN INTENSIFICATION OF SMALL FARM HOLDINGS Dr.K.Narayana Gowda Principle Investigator & Vice Chancellor."— Presentation transcript:

1 EXPERIENCES OF RURAL BIO-RESOURCE COMPLEX PROJECT IN INTENSIFICATION OF SMALL FARM HOLDINGS Dr.K.Narayana Gowda Principle Investigator & Vice Chancellor University of Agricultural Sciences GKVK, Bangalore – Dr.K.C.Narayana Swamy Prof. & Project Coordinator Dr.S.V.Suresh Assoc. Professor Coordinator, Bakery Training Unit Mr. Babu RM Ray Asst. Professor

2 Escalation in cost of production resulting reduced profit margin Inadequate information support system Decline in soil fertility and productivity Inadequate market facility and lack of scientific price for produce Depletion of ground water and environmental degradation Division and fragmentation of land holdings Unorganized farming sector FACTORS CONTRIBUTED FOR DECLINE IN THE ECONOMY OF THE FARMERS Leading to apathy, loosing interest among farmers particularly present day rural youth in farming and migration to urban areas – in extreme cases suicide

3 Mandate: To increase income and living standard of rural families Funding Institution: DBT, Government of India Budget outlay : Rs Cr (expenditure – 3.86 Cr.) Period : Apr.2005 to Mar.2010 Project Location: Tubagere Hobli, Bangalore Rural District Annual rainfall : 768 mm – Eastern Dry Zone No. of families: 8340 No. of Villages: 75 Geographical Area: 13,990 ha Cultivable area: 9469 ha (82% dryland) RURAL BIO-RESOURCE COMPLEX PROJECT

4 BASELINE SURVEY Composition of families – Project area

5 SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE PROJECT Profitable and Sustainable Technologies Information Support System Providing Quality Critical Inputs & Custom hire service centre Effective Functional LinkageMarketing Support Establishment of Commodity Based Associations SPECIAL FEATURES OF THE PROJECT IFSD & END TO END ISSUES

6 I. PROFITABLE AND SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES Field crops Ragi Cultivation Maize cultivation Redgram cultivation Sunflower cultivation Sweet corn cultivation Pop corn cultivation Baby corn cultivation Horticultural crops Improved cultivation practices in banana Drumstick cultivation Improved French Beans production Open field rose cultivation Animal Based Enterprises Fish culture Sheep rearing Backyard poultry Natural Resource Conservation and Management Biofuels Organic Farming Water use efficiency Integrated farming system Seed Production activities Sericulture and Chawki Rearing Centre Value added products in Ragi, redgram & jackfruit

7 Eight young scientists ( RAs, SRFs & JRFs) supported by 30 Sr. scientists. 356 training programmes covering 13,841 farmers Exposure of 4,362 farmers to latest farm technologies in Krishimelas. 166 video-conferences involving 99,600 farmers. Field days, exhibitions, crop campaigns and vanamahotsava Weather information to the farmers Recognition and award to farmers and farm women II.INFORMATION SUPPORT SYSTEM

8 Seeds, seedlings / tissue culture banana / rose cuttings, mulberry cuttings, saplings of bio-fuel and fruit species. Bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, bio-control agents and earthworms Sheep, poultry birds and fish fingerlings III. CRITICAL INPUTS & CUSTOM HIRE SERVICES

9 CUSTOM HIRE SERVICE Tractors,Power tiller, Cultivator, Rotovator, Digger, Land leveler, Harrow(Halube), Disc, MB-Plough, Power weeder, Power sprayer

10 IV. EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONAL LINKAGE (14) RBRC UAS (B) Marketing Agencies - KAPPEC, HOPCOMS, SAFAL Dev. Depts.-6 KSDA, KSDH, KSSD, Vet. & Animal Sciences, KSMB, KSFD KVK Bangalore Rural District, Hadonahally Res. Organizations ISRO, IIHR, CSR & TI Financial Institution Corporation Bank Input agencies, NGOs, Local Farmers Groups

11 CONTRIBUTIONS OF OTHER AGENCIES Corporation Bank Financial assistance for Marketing complex and biofuel extraction unit Instituted Corp Prasasthi Awards Department of Horticulture Subsidy for Banana, Mango, Sapota, flower crops and vermicompost pits Two projects on Bhendi and Beans seed production Financial assistance for national workshop on Jack. Department of Agriculture Financial assistance for promotion of organic farming and custom hire centre Marketing Board Cold storage facility Department of Sericulture Financial Assistance for CRC and Drip irrigation in mulberry Department of Forest Rejuvenation of degraded forest land and supply of forest seedlings ISRO VRC and Expert centre Grama Panchayat, Hodonahalli Office space free of cost

12 V. MARKETING SUPPORT 1. Institutional Marketing Linkage SAFAL APMC HPCOMS Reliance 2. Direct Sale by Producers Marketing complex Bakery Imparting knowledge and skill on Grading Packing and Branding Timely marketing information

13 Rural Biofuel Growers Association Jack Growers Association Fruits & Vegetables Growers Association Organic Farming Farmers Association Flower Growers Association Corn Growers Association Federation of Women SHGs Fish Farmers Association Agro Processors Association Chawki Rearing Centres VI. COMMODITY BASED ASSOCIATIONS

14 Improved cultivation of Finger millet Average Yield (Q/ac): 14 Net income(Rs./ac): 11,000 B:C Ratio: 1.83 Yield improvement: 38% Seed production Net income (Rs./ac):25,000 B:C Ratio: 2.67 Incremental income : 120% Improved cultivation of corn crops Average Yield (Q/ac):25 Net income(Rs./ac): 15,000 B:C Ratio: 2.5 Yield improvement : 15% Open field Rose cultivation Average Yield (Q/ac): 210 Net income(Rs./ac): 5,85,000 B:C Ratio: 3.9 Newly introduced crop Improved cultivation of Sunflower Average yield (Q/ac.): 8 Net income(Rs./ac): 16,000 B:C Ratio: 2.0 Yield improvement : 18% Improved Red Gram cultivation Average Yield (Q/ac.): 7 Net income(Rs./ac): B:C Ratio: 2.75 Yield improvement : 45% Intervention-wise Achievements

15 Apiculture 70 units Average yield (kg/hive): 3.50 Net Income(Rs./box) : 200 B:C ratio: 2.5 Promotin of Biofuel Species: Pongamia,Neem, Mahua, Castor Seedlings planted: Oil expelling unit: 100tons/year Tissue culture Banana cultivation Average Yield (tons/ac.): 32 Net income (Rs./ac): 1,94,000 B:C Ratio: 6.46 Yield improvement : 12% Drum stick cultivation No. of Families: 200 Net income (Rs/ac.):40,000 BC Ratio : 1.69 Yield improvement: 23% Value added products from finger millet Agro processing centre No. of families: 100 Total Production (Qtls): 45 Net income(Rs./kg): 30 B:C Ratio: 0.66 Organic farming Vermicompost units-60 Earth worms-60 kgs Green manure : 400 kgs Neem care: 60 litre Biofertilizers: 250 kgs Japanese compost unit: 10

16 Sheep rearing Number of units : 838 Net income (Rs./unit): 5715 B:C Ratio: 4.7 Sericulture Average yield (kg/ac/year): 1080 Net income (Rs./ac/year): 1,34,400 B:C Ratio: 2.24 Yield improvement : 75% Back yard poultry Number of units : 3720 No. of Families :524 Avg. weight :3.5 kg Net income (Rs./unit): 600 Fish rearing in irrigation ponds Average Yield (kg/ pond): Net income(Rs./pond): 1375 B:C Ratio: 2.75 Newly introduced

17 Automatic Weather Station in the KVK premises Marketing Complex for Sale of VAPs Marketing Complex for the sale of Agri.-Hort. Produce Chawki Rearing Centre. Poultry Demonstration Unit Fish Demonstration units Two Agro-Processing Units Biofuel Extraction unit INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES CREATED

18 PROJECT ACHIEVEMENTS Significant improvement on knowledge, skill and attitude Optimum utilization of resources Shift in cropping pattern from low to high value dryland crops Increase in crop productivity Improved access to direct market and remunerative price Generation of additional employment Inclusive growth Improvement in social and nutritional status Retaining majority of farm youth in agriculture Three fold increase in income 11 % agricultural growth rate Shared labour concept, community harmony Minimized social conflicts

19 The project attracted variety of visitors – from within and outside the state as well as across the countries (22) Visitors Category Outside the country Outside the state Within the state Total VIPs Scientists Farmers Students Total ,993 VISITORS

20 IMPORTANT VISITORS TO THE PROJECT AREA Dr. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam Dr.M.Mahadevappa Dr.S.A.Patil Dr.V.L.Chopra

21 Dr.Suresh Kumar Dr. S. Ayyappan, DG, ICAR & Secretary, DARE Dr.Joseph Modayal

22 Dr. Hans Raj Bharadhwaj, His Excellency The Governor of Karnataka

23 Sri. H.D. Devegowdaji, Former Prime Minister of India Sri.Bharat lal meena. Dr.V.V. Sadamate.

24 DBT has replicated this model in North Eastern States Litchi Growers Associations have been established in Bihar on the lines of Commodity Based Associations Karnataka Government has earmarked Rs.75 crores for replication of RBRC model in all 29 KVKs in Karnataka covering 1.25 lakh ha during to Govt. of Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh have approached the University to provide technical know-how to replicate this model in their states. SPREAD OF TECHNOLOGY / REPLICATION OF THE MODEL

25 Increased Productivity Increased Income Employment Generation RBRC MODEL Promotion of Appropriate Interventions Effective Information Support System Effective Functional Linkage Marketing support Providing Critical Inputs Nutritional Intake Better Education Improved Housing Leadership Social Status Social Mobility Communication Skills Improved Standard of Living Commodity Based Associations STRATEGIES INITIAL BENEFITS LONGTERM BENEFITS

26 CONCLUSION The model has the special feature of intensification of small farmers through IFSD approach and ensures end-to-end approach without leaving any issues for chance factor. The chances of success of improving productivity and income are certain in the process of sustainable development of small farmers. Hence the RBRC model evolved and tested could be replicated or scaled up across the country with some modifications or refinements to suit different agro-ecological situations with varied resource base of the farmers.

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