Presentation on theme: "Forming Complex Societies. Do Now What changes in technology have you seen over the course of humankind that we have studied so far?"— Presentation transcript:
Forming Complex Societies
Do Now What changes in technology have you seen over the course of humankind that we have studied so far?
Activity In your groups, work on your assigned section of the worksheet. Group 1: Farming villages (page 57) Group 2: Farming Communities Spread (page 58) Group 3: Changes in technology (page 59) Group 4: Economic and Social Changes (pages 60 and 61)
Essential Question Why did early people begin to live together in farming villages?
Farming Villages 1. Why did farming villages develop?
Farming Villages Answer: Some farmers produced enough surplus food to support more people
Farming Villages 2. What details about the houses of Çatal Hüyük suggest that the village was a permanent settlement?
Farming Villages Answer: The houses were made of baked clay bricks, and people decorated their homes with paintings and carvings of women, bulls, and other images. The houses were made of baked clay bricks, and people decorated their homes with paintings and carvings of women, bulls, and other images.
Farming Villages 3. Near what resources did highly successful farming communities develop?
Animals RaisedPlants Grown Cattle Water buffalo Other Animals Grains Other Crops
Animals RaisedPlants Grown Not knownCotton
Farming Communities Spread 5. What two advantages did terraces provide for the Yangshao people?
Farming Communities Spread Answer: More flat land for farming and protection from floods
Changes in Technology 6. How did each change to the plow improve farming?
Changes in Technology Answer: Each change made planting easier and faster and allowed fewer people to plant larger crops
Changes in Technology 7.How do you think farming led to the development of new kinds of tools?
Changes in Technology Answer: People learned to use baskets, plows, and other tools to make farming easier
Farming Tools Used 1.Stick: dig up roots, made holes to plant seeds 2.Hoe: break up and turn over soil for planting, and to dig out rocks and tree roots 3.Stick Plow: cut, lift, turn over soil. Dug rows in soil and then placed seeds or young plants in ground 4.Plow with wooden stone or blade: faster 5.Animal-drawn plow: used cattle, less people needed 6.Irrigation: dug ditches from rivers to fields
Ancient Tools StickHoe Stick Plow
Ancient Tools Plow with wooden or stone bladeAnimal Drawn Plow
Ancient Tools Irrigation
Economic and Social Changes 8. Why were surpluses important to the economic structure of a farming village?
Economic and Social Changes Answer: People bartered surplus goods for things they wanted or needed.
Economic and Social Changes 9. How did trade cause changes in the social structure of early farming villages?
Economic and Social Changes Answer: As trade developed, people needed leadership. People needed someone to turn to in order to resolve conflicts, such as who owned land or a resource.
Economic and Social Changes 10. What animals were raised in pastoral societies?
Economic and Social Changes Answer: Goats, sheep, horses, and cattle
Economic and Social Changes 11. What resources did pastoral people get from their animals?
Economic and Social Changes Answer: Milk, hides, and bones for tools
Wrap Up List 3 things you learned today on your note card.