Do Now What changes in technology have you seen over the course of humankind that we have studied so far?
Activity In your groups, work on your assigned section of the worksheet. Group 1: Farming villages (page 57) Group 2: Farming Communities Spread (page 58) Group 3: Changes in technology (page 59) Group 4: Economic and Social Changes (pages 60 and 61)
Essential Question Why did early people begin to live together in farming villages?
Farming Villages 1. Why did farming villages develop?
Farming Villages Answer: Some farmers produced enough surplus food to support more people
Farming Villages 2. What details about the houses of Çatal Hüyük suggest that the village was a permanent settlement?
Farming Villages Answer: The houses were made of baked clay bricks, and people decorated their homes with paintings and carvings of women, bulls, and other images. The houses were made of baked clay bricks, and people decorated their homes with paintings and carvings of women, bulls, and other images.
Farming Communities Spread 5. What two advantages did terraces provide for the Yangshao people?
Farming Communities Spread Answer: More flat land for farming and protection from floods
Changes in Technology 6. How did each change to the plow improve farming?
Changes in Technology Answer: Each change made planting easier and faster and allowed fewer people to plant larger crops
Changes in Technology 7.How do you think farming led to the development of new kinds of tools?
Changes in Technology Answer: People learned to use baskets, plows, and other tools to make farming easier
Farming Tools Used 1.Stick: dig up roots, made holes to plant seeds 2.Hoe: break up and turn over soil for planting, and to dig out rocks and tree roots 3.Stick Plow: cut, lift, turn over soil. Dug rows in soil and then placed seeds or young plants in ground 4.Plow with wooden stone or blade: faster 5.Animal-drawn plow: used cattle, less people needed 6.Irrigation: dug ditches from rivers to fields