Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Complexity Science as Magic Feather Seth Bullock 2 July 2012 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Complexity Science as Magic Feather Seth Bullock 2 July 2012 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Complexity Science as Magic Feather Seth Bullock 2 July 2012 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation

2 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation About Me Game Theory Networks Science Simulation Modelling Visualization Interdisciplinarity Philosophy of Science Methodology Termites Neuromodulation Markets Social Processes Amorphous Computing Honest Signalling Complexity Emergence Self-organization Adaptation Me AI Alife Cog. Psych. Cog. Phil. Biology Complexity Science

3 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation What is Complexity Science? Complexity science explores the emergent behaviour of complex systems by focusing on their interconnections and architecture, rather than on individual components. It represents a novel scientific approach across traditional disciplinary boundaries. – EPSRC Research Landscape, Cross-Disciplinary Interfaces Programme, June 2009.

4 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation A Systemic Century 20 th Century 21 st Century

5 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Systemic Questions

6 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Emergent Organisation

7 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation The Synthetic Method ?

8 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation...Perhaps Inside a Computer? The Southampton Supercomputer: Fastest at a UK University Greenest in the UK 8000 processors £3m...an extremely powerful tool. But with great power comes great responsibility...

9 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Why Complexity Science for You? The standard (sometimes partially implicit) rhetoric: 1. Socio-techno-cultural-economic systems are: large, involved, unfolding, contextual, reflexive, etc. i.e., they are complex. 2. Social scientists struggle to understand these systems 3. Complexity Science is the proper study of such systems. Complexity Science should be useful to social scientists.

10 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation An Example? Lynne Cameron studies second language learning. I worked with her informally on applying complex systems ideas to the systems she was interested in. How do the trajectories of language learning experience within a classroom differ from those experienced at home? We had some extremely interesting conversations,...and a sense that the language of dynamical systems theory was very pertinent and potentially productive,...but we had problems moving from talking to modelling.

11 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Gloom... What was going wrong? There was scant theory with which to guide the modelling The questions to be addressed by the model were unclear Complexity Science seemed unable to fill these gaps... Since then I have repeatedly encountered a similar impasse. I have begun to think that it stems from: limits on what can be discovered through modelling unhelpful expectations of complexity science

12 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Models Arent Magic... Consider: Q. How do judges set bail? M is collecting questionnaire data from judges in order to try to understand how they reach their bail judgements... M: Ive got data from five judges, but its really hard, could you, like, simulate 20 judges for me? S: Well, wed need to model their decision-making......so, Id need you to explain how they set bail. M: Umm... but...?

13 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Complexity Science isnt Physics... Are social scientists damsels in distress? Are complexity scientists white knights? No. Even Physics rarely delivers the predictive, realistic, explanatory models that solve a problem for a scientific community. The rhetoric surrounding complexity science is wrong – it is not a saviour. So what role should we expect complexity science to play?

14 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation An Example: Reprise What impact did our modelling attempts have? A change in mind-set, a sharpening of focus. The development of new empirical tools, new measures, new approaches to visualization. Stelma, J. Exploring the emergence of activity in language classroom activity, in preparation. Cameron, L. & Stelma, J. (2004). The dynamics of metaphor in conciliation talk, Sociolinguistics Symposium, 1-4 April 2004, Newcastle.

15 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation A New Rhetoric... 1. Socio-techno-cultural-economic systems are: large, involved, unfolding, contextual, reflexive, etc. i.e., they are complex 2. Social scientists are best placed to understand these systems 3. But progress at/beyond paradigm boundaries is difficult 4. Complexity Science is a source of tools for thinking language, concepts, models, measures, frameworks Complexity Science should be useful to social scientists.

16 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation A Magic Feather? Reconceives complexity sci. as empowering social scientists......enabling them to transcend a current paradigm.

17 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation

18 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Autopoiesis (for Dumbos) An autopoietic system is a self-authoring, self-making system renews, repairs, replicates or reproduces itself in a flow of matter and energy generates/maintains its own boundary, distinguishing itself from its milieu is a living system, a normative system is a sense-making, autonomous system has agency in the sense that it has its own agenda

19 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation

20 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Autopoietic Habits Autopoietic systems may be sociological: Smoking cigarettes reinforces a habit The habit promotes smoking cigarettes The habit is self-maintaining In fact the habit also brings about its own preconditions by financially legitimising cigarette factories, etc From the perspective of the cigarette: A social-cultural-industrial-economic matrix exists, maintaining its place in an auto-catalytic, self-perpetuating cycle...

21 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Autopoietic Families What would constitute an autopoietic perspective on families and family care? What are the components of a family? What processes create/maintain them? In what sense are families precarious? In what ways do normal family processes mitigate against insults? How are families structurally coupled together and to systems of care? How could an autopoietic care system be implemented?

22 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Thank you


Download ppt "Institute for Complex Systems Simulation Complexity Science as Magic Feather Seth Bullock 2 July 2012 Institute for Complex Systems Simulation."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google