2Independent Clause --- Marge Marge is an independent woman. She can survive on her own.
3Independent (Marge) Clause Just like Marge, an independent clause can survive on its own. It is a complete sentence which expresses a complete thought.Subject + Verb
4Simple Sentences (Marge) Subject + Verb Marge walks to the lake.Homer sleeps too much.Bart is cool.Lisa will want to get a dog.The last “normal” person on earth is Ned.
5Examples of Independent (Marge) Clauses Bart does not like to go to school.Lisa loves the saxophone.Homer does not work hard at the power plant.
6Compound Sentence (Marge + , + F. a. n. b. o. y Compound Sentence (Marge + , + F.a.n.b.o.y.s + Homer) or (Marge + ; + Homer) IC+ , + F.a.n.b.o.y.s + IC or IC + ; + ICBart hates school, so he makes fun of the teachers.Bart hates school; he makes fun of the teachers.ForAndNorButOrYetSo,
7Dependent Clauses (Bart) Bart constantly messes up when he is on his own. Without Marge by his side, things go wrong. He is DEPENDENTon Marge and cannot survive without her.
8Dependent (Bart) Clauses Just like Bart, a dependent clause cannot survive by itself. It does not express a complete thought.IT IS NOT A SENTENCE; IT IS A FRAGMENT.
9Examples of Dependent (Bart) Clauses Until the next time I see himWhen I ran to the yellow houseAlthough I want to get an A in math
10The “AAAWWWUBBIS” Words AKASubordinating Conjunctions.Dependent clauses begin with signal words. We will call these “AAAWWWUBBIS” words because they signal the beginning of a dependent clause.
11Common subordinating conjunctions “AAAWWWUBBIS” AfterAlthoughAsWhenWhileWhoUntilBecauseBeforeIfSinceMore subordinate conjunctionsas ifhowtill ( or 'til)as long asin as much unlessas much asin order thatwhenas soon asnow thatwheneveras thoughprovided that whereeven ifthatwherevereven though thoughso thatwhythanrather than
12A Rule To Know!A dependent clause (Bart) must have an independent clause (Marge) by it to be a complete sentence.
13Complex Sentences Bart (D.C.), + Marge (I.C.) Until Bart was born, Marge had a simple life.Complex SentencesMarge (I.C.)+ Bart (D.C.)Marge had a simple life until Bart was born.
14So… Let’s make Complex Sentences. The formulas are...
20Examples of Complex Sentence AAAWWUBBIS + Bart, + Marge. Until Lisa goes to college, she will have to live with her parents.When the grass turns green, Homer will have to mow the lawn.After Bart passes third grade, there will be a huge celebration.
25Examples of Complex Sentence Marge + Bart. (NO COMMA) Lisa will have to live with her parents until she goes to college.Homer will have to mow the lawn when the grass turns green.There will be a huge celebration when Bart passes third grade.
26Compound-Complex Sentences IC + IC + DCMarge+Homer+Bart (or Lisa/Maggie).A compound–complex sentencehas 2 independent clauses and1 dependent clause in any order!
28Compound-Complex Sentences Lisa is very intelligent and thought about attending boarding school, but she will have to live with her parents until she goes to college.Although Maggie does not speak, she is a strong character, and she can take care of herself.Mr. Burns, who lives in a mansion in Springfield, owns the power-plant, and he frequently attempts to destroy others for his own benefit.
29Let’s Review the Four Types of Sentences! Simple Sentences (Marge)Compound Sentences (Marge, + FANBOYS or ; + Homer)Complex (Bart, + Marge OR Marge + Bart)Compound-Complex (Marge + Homer + Bart)
30Let’s practice the different kinds of sentences.
31Couch Middle School is one of the best in the state of Georgia. What kind of sentence is this:Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex?How can you tell?
32Mrs. Cronin is quite a strict teacher, but Mrs. Boozer and Ms Mrs. Cronin is quite a strict teacher, but Mrs. Boozer and Ms. Erickson are much more strict.What kind of sentence is this:Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex?How can you tell?
33Although I can’t swim, the beach is a glorious vacation spot. What kind of sentence is this:Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex?How can you tell?
34Sara loves her pets, but she must board her dogs until she moves into a larger home. What kind of sentence is this:Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex?How can you tell?