INTRODUCTION Sports, recreation or free time activities are now widely accepted as fundamental elements of good quality life. They are essential to the mental and physical well being of humans and in general of any present-day society. The oxford dictionary defines sports as the playing of games or partition on a competitive basis involving physical exertion and skill.
INTRODUCTION Sports complexes are essentially large theatres of entertainment, which ought to be pleasant to visit, like a cinema, and at the same time also be social and architectural land marks in towns and cities. A sports complex is a closely knit well-balanced grouping of indoor and out-door games facilities offering a wide range of activities on a comparatively small land area.
ROLE OF SPORTS An Idle mans mind is a devils workshop All work and no play makes, jack a dull boy The sound mind in the sound body That only the strong shall thrive, that surely the weak will perish and only fit will survive -Robert w. Service The preservation of health is a duty, few seen conscious that there is a thing such as physical morality-Hobert Spencer
TYPES OF SPORTS COMPLEXES THE VARIATION AT THE PRESENT TIME: The leisure Centre- Commercially Sponsored The Educational Sports Campus- Sports Are Being Taught The Community Sports Centre / Complex
CONCEPTS OF SPORTS It originates from the time when self presentation ceased to be the sole presentation of the human beings. Running and swimming were the only means to move around in the olden days, for food and shelter Archery was a hunting skill and even wrestling and boxing (without gloves) used to get food and even for safety from wild animals Now these basic ways of survival are for the purpose of measuring the human beings strength against other and as a source of entertainment.
CONCEPTS OF A SPORTS COMPLEX CIRCULATION OUTDOOR CIRCULATION- The Circulation should be with minimum movement to go the destination. Separate provision for different entries should be provided to go to different games blocks and separate parking. One should not follow the long way to go to one corner. Stairs should be provided for each block with the toilets and refreshments.
CIRCULATION OUTDOOR CIRCULATION- Public should not go thro players entry. Many aisles should be provided to go down the sitting to reduce movement.
CIRCULATION PARKING CIRCULATION- Parking is like that one can park their vehicle, where they want to go. He should not follow the foot way movement or walking. The parking is also of type that in case of some events general public can be restricted and out side parking will also be like the public is near to their block.
CIRCULATION ROAD CIRCULATION- Roads should be well linked to each block and in case of events, different routs can be followed without disturbing VIP and players routs.
CIRCULATION INDOOR CIRCULATION- Indoor circulation should be like that separate routs for toilets/entries etc. for players and separate for public should be provided. No disturbance to players should be from public, so sitting is at height and middle aisles are there. Players entry can be used as public exit in peak hours like in events days, except providing more entries for public. It saves space and more security is needed.
ORIENTATION Generally the events start in evening and general games in evening and morning. So East-West orientation is not preferred because sun movement is East to West due South and sun will obstruct the players eyes. So North-South orientation is the best suited one for almost all the games.
ORIENTATION North light is provided in facility because seating games dont want window light. It is from the height so that no obstruction to players of sun light at lower level as in Inderprasth Indoor Stadium. Swimming pool needs side light, so large openings are provided and other games want all-rounded light at height, so windows are provided at the back of seating in all directions as in next picture.
CONCEPT OF DIFFERENT FORMS SWIMMING POOL- Every form should have concept of its function. Swimming has the movement in one direction, so pitch should be used which shows the diving after rising up.
INDOOR GAMES- Dome or shell can be provided in the Badminton, Basket Ball or Gymnasium because dome has its movement around its axis and these games have movement around net or all around.
CONCEPT OF MATERIAL USED AND STRUCTURAL SYSTEM Material should be light weight, because it is cheap and easy to cast or renovate. So only steel and A.C. sheets with trusses or space frame, thin R.C.C. shells etc. are used and can be moulded in any form. False ceiling is done underside of roofs for insulation. Thermocol, A.C. Decking etc. can also be used to cover larger spans. Steel is the only suitable material which can be used to cover spans without columns.
FORM-ACTIVE STRUCTURE SYSTEM Fully form-active structures are normally used only in circumstances where a special structural requirement to achieve a high degree of structural efficiency exists, either because the span involved is very large or because a structure of exceptionally light weight is required. They have geometries which are more complicated than post-and-beam or semi-form-active types and they produce buildings which have distinctive shapes.
Included in this group are compressive shells, tensile cable networks and air supported tensile-membrane structures. In almost all cases more than one type of element is required, especially in tensile systems which must normally have compressive as well as tensile parts, and form active shapes are frequently chosen for the compressive elements as well as for the tensile elements. In the case of large building envelopes, the loads which are applied are predominantly of the distributed rather than the concentrated type and the form-active geometry is therefore curved.
LAND SCAPING Heavy foliage trees for outer walls to welcome as vista should be used. It provides shade to the parking also. Shrubs and hedges should be used adjoining the high roofed structures in contrast to give relief from conc. jungle and matching to human heights. They should be used in-between buildings and parkings/pathways to physically segregate but visually linkage and shade to people sitting outside.
ARRANGEMENT FOR VIP/VVIP SEATING The separate entry and seating parallel to the arena at some higher place should be provided. Moat has to be given to resist articles thrown by the spectators.
ARRANGEMENT FOR GENERAL SEATING The separate entry and seating tires can be placed all around the arena in multi levels with proper stair- cases and other services at every entrance. The chairs should be placed diagonally. The tiers should be free from columns, but not as shown.
ARRANGEMENT FOR GENERAL SEATING The total height of seat should be 1200mm (40) (from base of lower tread to top of height of man) Seat height = 450mm (16) Seat width = 800mm (28) Seat depth/person = 350mm wide (12) Gap of one person to legs of other person on behind row = 250mm Width of legs of persons = 200mm (8) Tread width = Riser = 3 or 4 to 22.5 Width of aisle tread = 36
ARRANGEMENT FOR AUDIO-VISUAL / LIGHTING / CAMERA / MEDIA Camera block should be at the top of stadium and in the centre / different locations to get full view and direct view to arena.
For hockey, football, volleyball, badminton, tennis and table tennis: No. of cameras req. are 5. They should be placed with the side-line, goal line (base-line) and centre line and these should be at the higher level and one at an eye level with the centre line.
In swimming pools: The camera should be placed one at the behind or above the result board or in the spectators gallery, one along the Pod-deck on tracking and one under water for diving.
Lighting should be such that it should not reflect into the eyes of players/spectators and enlighten the full arena
For arena, horizontal illumination should be 500Lux and vertical illumination should be 300Lux. Halogen lamps of 1000w with dispersive type fitting are ideal. Light should be spread on four rectangles equally divided. No. of shadows = No. of towers