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GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 -

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Presentation on theme: "GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 -"— Presentation transcript:

1 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Information Two significant factors which distinguish the level at which people take part in physical activity are: SKILL FITNESS There are many different types of skill and their use depends on the nature of the physical activity. Skill can be classified as: BASIC/ SIMPLE COMPLEX OPEN CLOSED

2 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Information BASIC/SIMPLE COMPLEX CONTINUUM BASIC/ SIMPLE SKILLS COMPLEX SKILLS RUNNING DOUBLE SOMERSAULT IN DIVING BASIC MOVEMENT PATTERNS LIMITED AMOUNT OF INFORMATION TO PROCESS AND A SMALLER COGNITIVE ELEMENT INVOLVE MORE DECISION – MAKING BIGGER COGNITIVE ELEMENT (MORE THOUGHT)

3 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Information OPEN – CLOSED CONTINUUM Types of Skill OPEN SKILLS CLOSED SKILLS HOCKEY PASS IN GAME SITUATION/ WINDSURFING GYMNASTICS HAND STAND / SHOT PUT HIGH JUMP BADMINTON SERVE SKILL THAT IS AFFECTED BY THE ENVIRONMENT REQUIRES ADAPTABILITY FROM PERFORMER TO SUIT THE NEEDS OF THE ENVIRONMENT OPEN SKILLS NEEDED WHERE YOU CANNOT CONTROL WHAT WILL HAPPEN NEXT DECISION MAKING REQUIRED MORE INFORMATION TO PROCESS. USED IN A FIXED ENVIRONMENT NO OUTSIDE INFLUENCES CAN BECOME A HABIT CAN CONTROL WHAT HAPPENS NEXT LESS DECISION MAKING REQUIRED

4 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Information ENVIRONMENT the influences which decide to what extent a skill is open or closed: VENUE – OPPOSITION – OWN TEAM – TYPE OF COMPETITION – STAGE OF THE GAME – STATE OF THE GAME – WEATHER – SURFACE – CROWD – EXTENT OF PRESSURE.

5 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B GCSE Physical Education UNIT 1 - Information SKILLS CONTINUUM Skills can be placed on the lines according to the extent to how Basic/Complex and open/closed they are. BASIC/ SIMPLE SKILLS COMPLEX SKILLS

6 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Information CLOSED Skills can also be seen in open situations: (1)Serving in Badminton. Badminton is an open activity, however the serve is a closed skill. A badminton serve always has the same actions, but the player can change the timing and placing of the shot according to the opponents stance. This can be done from memory and from his weaknesses. This skill, therefore, is partly closed and partly open. (2) High Jump – the jump itself is closed but the run-up is influenced by the surface, weather, crowd and height of the bar.

7 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B 1.Group taking part in Basic and Complex skills: e.g. BasicComplex Running Hockey dribbling Walking Badminton rally Which are most different? Why? elicit the features of Basic and Complex skills by asking groups to explain their answers. UNIT 1 – Practical Application Discussion

8 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B 2.Group taking part in open and closed skills e.g. elicit the features of open and closed skills by asking groups to explain their answers. UNIT 1 – Practical Application which are open? which are closed? Discussion OPENCLOSED Any team gameForward roll Showing how more decisions have to be made and the effect of the environment (opposition) Showing how few decisions have to be made and little interference from the environment Could use 3 v 1 or 3 v 2 (Football/ Netball) – choices available for passing and what decisions are possible Shot Put

9 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Links Guidance Practice Learning/ Stages of Learning Information Processing System Characteristics of a skilled performer/ performance

10 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 – Diagrams and tables 1&feature=fvwp Basic Skill Complex Skill

11 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Activity 1.What is a Skill? 2.Explain the difference between OPEN and CLOSED skills and give one example for each. 3.Skills can be classified as closed or open. (i)What is a closed skill? (ii)What is an open skill? 4.Which type of skill has more information to process, OPEN or CLOSED?

12 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Activity 5.Give reasons to explain why closed skills are usually easier to learn than open skills. 6.Using sporting examples, explain the difference between BASIC and COMPLEX skills. 7.What type of PRACTICE is best for learning (i)a CLOSED skill? (ii)an OPEN skill?

13 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Activity 8.Using a tennis serve, as an example, suggest three factors that could cause the movement towards the open end of the continuum in the diagram (from ). OPEN SKILLS CLOSED SKILLS

14 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B UNIT 1 - Activity 9.Match the following skills to a position on the OPEN/ CLOSED CONTINUUM: OPEN SKILLS CLOSED SKILLS WINDSURFINGGOLF SWINGJAVELIN THROWHIGH JUMP

15 GCSE Physical Education Information/Discussion Practical Application Links Diagram/Table Activity Revision MAIN MENU Types of Skill SECTION B TYPES OF SKILL WHICH ARE THE MOST DIFFICULT SKILLS TO LEARN AND WHY? BASIC / COMPLEX OPEN- CLOSED CONTINUUM IDENTIFICATION OF PLACEMENT OF SPORTING ACTIVITIES ON CONTINUUM UNIT 1 – Key Facts/ Glossary LINKS WITH TYPES OF GUIDANCE LINKS WITH TYPES OF PRACTICE


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