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Complex Noun Phrases Session Objectives By the end of the session you will have an understanding of …. 1) The structure of academic sentences 2) The construction.

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Presentation on theme: "Complex Noun Phrases Session Objectives By the end of the session you will have an understanding of …. 1) The structure of academic sentences 2) The construction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Complex Noun Phrases Session Objectives By the end of the session you will have an understanding of …. 1) The structure of academic sentences 2) The construction of complex noun phrases 3) How to pack information into complex noun phrases

2 A group of infants who were given stepping practice for a few minutes several times a day during the first two months of life began walking five to seven weeks earlier than babies who had not had this practice. A began walking five to seven weeks earlier than B Sentences in Academic Texts

3 A group of infants who were given stepping practice for a few minutes several times a day during the first two months of life began walking five to seven weeks earlier than babies who had not had this practice. A began walking five to seven weeks earlier than B A - A group of infants who were given stepping practice for a few minutes several times a day during the first two months of life B - babies who had not had this practice Sentences in Academic Texts

4 Daily activity measured using a uni-axial accelerometer worn on a belt at the waist was one of the primary outcome variables they analyzed. A was B

5 A - Daily activity measured using a uni-axial accelerometer worn on a belt at the waist B - one of the primary outcome variables they analyzed Sentences in Academic Texts Daily activity measured using a uni-axial accelerometer worn on a belt at the waist was one of the primary outcome variables they analyzed. A was B

6 Fingerprint matching has been approached using various criteria based on different extracted features. The use of fingerprints is considered to be one of the most effective methods of personal verification. The continuing needs of law enforcement agencies and opportunities arising for the developers of civilian applications mean that automated fingerprint matching systems are becoming increasingly widespread. International policy on climate change started with the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, U.S. companies faced increased pressure from shareholder groups who asked them to take climate change seriously. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

7 Sentence The use of fingerprints is considered to be one of the most effective methods of personal verification. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

8 Sentence The use of fingerprints is considered to be one of the most effective methods of personal verification. Structure A is considered to be B Noun Phrases A - The use of fingerprints B - one of the most effective methods of personal verification. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

9 Sentence Fingerprint matching has been approached using various criteria based on different extracted features. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

10 Sentence Fingerprint matching has been approached using various criteria based on different extracted features. Structure A has been approached using B Noun Phrases A - Fingerprint matching B - various criteria based on different extracted features. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

11 Sentence The continuing needs of law enforcement agencies and opportunities arising for the developers of civilian applications mean that automated fingerprint matching systems are becoming increasingly widespread. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

12 Sentence The continuing needs of law enforcement agencies and opportunities arising for the developers of civilian applications mean that automated fingerprint matching systems are becoming increasingly widespread. Structure A and B mean that C are becoming increasingly widespread Noun Phrases A - The continuing needs of law enforcement agencies B - opportunities arising for the developers of civilian applications C - automated fingerprint matching systems Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

13 Sentence International policy on climate change started with the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

14 Sentence International policy on climate change started with the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 Structure A started with B Noun Phrases A - International policy on climate change B - the adoption of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

15 Sentence U.S. companies faced increased pressure from shareholder groups who asked them to take climate change seriously. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

16 Sentence U.S. companies faced increased pressure from shareholder groups who asked them to take climate change seriously. Structure A faced B Noun Phrases A - U.S. companies B - increased pressure from shareholder groups who asked them to take climate change seriously. Identifying Complex Noun Phrases

17 A model for complex noun phrases A group of infants who were given stepping practice for a few minutes several times a day during the first two months of life A group of infants who were given stepping practice for a few minutes several times a day during the first two months of life DeterminerNounRelative Clause Prepositional phrase

18 A model for complex noun phrases Daily activity measured using a uni-axial accelerometer worn on a belt at the waist Daily activity measured using a uni-axial accelerometer worn on a belt at the waist AdjectiveNounParticiple Clause

19 A model for complex noun phrases one of the primary outcome variables they analyzed. one of the primary outcome variables they analyzed DeterminerNounRelative ClauseAdjective

20 Building Noun Phrases 1) Hamburgers contain fat 2) The fat content of hamburgers is high 3) The high fat content of hamburgers is dangerous 4) The dangerously high fat content of hamburgers should be reduced 5) The reduction in the dangerously high fat content of hamburgers will not be popular 6) The unpopularity of the reduction in the dangerously high fat content of hamburgers should not prevent the government from taking action

21 Values. They are cultural They were held by the early settlers of the United States Building Noun Phrases The cultural values held by the early settlers of the United States

22 feature It is the third. It is about cultural feedback. It is illustrated in the comments The comments are in sample 2 aspect It is her about writing It is specific It shows improvement The improvement is in the present draft companies The are multinational They are large They operate in international markets feelings They are negative feelings they are based on an individuals poor behaviour negative feelings based on an individuals poor behaviour large multinational companies which operate in international markets The third feature of cultural feedback illustrated in the comments in Sample 2 the specific aspect of her writing that shows improvement in the present draft

23 Summary noun adjectiveadverb deter miner relative / participle clause preposi- tional phrase alessongrammarinterestingvery given by Joe about noun phrases I attended…..

24 References Grammar References Ackles, N.M. (2003) The Grammar Guide. Michigan: University of Michigan Press Swan, M. (1995) Practical English Usage. Oxford: Oxford University Press Yule, G. (2006) Oxford Practice Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press Further Practice ELMO - https://elmo.ncl.ac.uk/Default.aspx study search skill Grammarhttps://elmo.ncl.ac.uk/Default.aspx Murphy: English Grammar in Use – Unit 79 Yule: Oxford Practice Grammar – Ch 13 Willis: Collins Cobuild Students Grammar – Unit 28, 29, 30 Further Help One to one advisory session – contact Next Session Course Consolidation


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