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Word Stress - Guidelines read: Roach Chapter 10 We first ask: is the word simple, complex or compound?

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Presentation on theme: "Word Stress - Guidelines read: Roach Chapter 10 We first ask: is the word simple, complex or compound?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Word Stress - Guidelines read: Roach Chapter 10 We first ask: is the word simple, complex or compound?

2 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple Complex Compound:

3 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato Complex Compound

4 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation Compound

5 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation Compound: more than one unbound morpheme: greenhouse, handbag, overcast, whitewash

6 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple: complicated rules, many exceptions Complex: fairly simple and fixed rules (see Roach) Compound: fairly simple rules, not many exceptions (see Roach)

7 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple: complicated rules, many exceptions I know of no simple or exceptionless set of rules, but try googling word stress: ext.htmlhttp://oak.ucc.nau.edu/tn24/wordstress/wstresst ext.html d_stress.shtmlhttp://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/think/pron/wor d_stress.shtml

8 1. SIMPLE WORDS We have to consider the following: the phonological structure of the syllable the number of syllables the grammatical category

9 1. SIMPLE WORDS Phonological structure: 'heavy' and 'light' syllables A 'heavy' syllable contains a long (tense) vowel or a diphthong OR ends in more than one consonant. Otherwise the syllable is light.

10 1. SIMPLE WORDS

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14 Word Stress - Guidelines Simple : one morpheme: enter, deny, return, cotton, potato Complex : bound or unbound stem with bound morphemes (affixes: prefixes or suffixes): singer, goodness, unlock, capable, conversation Compound: more than one unbound morpheme: greenhouse, handbag, overcast, whitewash

15 2. Complex Words Roach, Chapter 11 Unclear distinction, not always useful legal – illegal lawful – unlawful

16 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 stem + affix (prefix, infix, suffix) Is the affix productive (=common, can be applied to new words) ?

17 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect: comfort + able, wonder + ful -age, -al, -en, -ing, - ish

18 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect 2.Effect the stress-pattern 3.Take the stress themeselves

19 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect 2.Effect the stress-pattern 3.Take the stress themeselves

20 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect comfort - able, wonder - ful -age, -al, -en, -ing, - ish

21 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect 2.Effect the stress-pattern. attract the stress to the syllable before the suffix photo - graphy, perfect – ion, tranquil – ity -eous, -ious, -ial, -ic, -ive

22 2. Complex Words: suffixes Roach, Chapter 11 Suffixes: 1.Have no effect 2.Effect the stress-pattern 3.Take the stress themeselves refugee, mountaineer, Portuguese, cigarette, picturesque

23 3. Complex words: two stems Roach, Chapter 11 suitcase, sunrise, toothbrush tooth-brush, car-ferry, hay-fever, Web page, hay fever, summer time

24 3. Complex words: two stems Roach, Chapter 11 Variable stress its upstairs, an upstairs bedroom hes bad-tempered, a bad-tempered man

25 3. Complex words: two stems Roach, Chapter 11 Word-class pairs, p110 insult, objet, protest, record


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