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The Prison Industrial Complex. Outline: Prison-Industrial Complex What is the Prison-Industrial Complex? Impact of the War on Drugs and Mandatory Minimums.

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Presentation on theme: "The Prison Industrial Complex. Outline: Prison-Industrial Complex What is the Prison-Industrial Complex? Impact of the War on Drugs and Mandatory Minimums."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Prison Industrial Complex

2 Outline: Prison-Industrial Complex What is the Prison-Industrial Complex? Impact of the War on Drugs and Mandatory Minimums Ex-prisoner, Barry Joe, Re-entry to Society Corrections as an Arena for Profitable Enterprise: Private Prisons and Private Construction Reforming the Prison Industrial Complex

3 What is the Prison Industrial Complex? A profitable, tough on crime justice system with problems concerning: Racism Sexism Classism

4 Prison-Industrial Complex: Main Features/Players Main features Main features Similarities with military industrial complex Similarities with military industrial complex -political,social, and economic gains -political,social, and economic gains -Mixture of public and private spheres -Mixture of public and private spheres Main players: Main players: privatized prisons/correctional institutions privatized prisons/correctional institutions corporations contracting prison labor corporations contracting prison labor construction companies construction companies conservative politics conservative politics

5 The War on Drugs and Mandatory Minimums SUB TOPIC #1 LUKE WALSH RYAN MARTINSON DEVIN GILBERT San Quentin Maximum security penitentiary

6 The War on Drugs Officially declared in the early 1980s Officially declared in the early 1980s Contributions to prison expansion Contributions to prison expansion National Drug policies National Drug policies A shift in priorities: stronger focus on punitive objectives A shift in priorities: stronger focus on punitive objectives

7 The War On Drugs Augmentation of drug arrests Augmentation of drug arrests Disproportionate representation of African Americans Disproportionate representation of African Americans Skyrocketing levels of incarceration Skyrocketing levels of incarceration Overpopulation Overpopulation

8 Federal Asset Forfeiture Seizure of assets, without due process Seizure of assets, without due process Increased funding for the drug scare Increased funding for the drug scare Increased drug related crimes Increased drug related crimes

9 Anti Drug Abuse Acts Of 1986 And 1988 Created severe mandatory minimum sentencing laws for drug offenses Created severe mandatory minimum sentencing laws for drug offenses - possession of 5 grams or more of crack cocaine carries a minimum of 5 years in prison Effects on federal sentencing guidelines Effects on federal sentencing guidelines Attacking the root cause, or the symptom? Attacking the root cause, or the symptom? - Low level arrests versus high level in dealer hierarchy - Low level arrests versus high level in dealer hierarchy

10 From Prison to Society: Barry Joes Barriers Barry Joes Barriers: even though a non-violent Barry Joes Barriers: even though a non-violent ex-offender, he has difficulty finding employment,housing, and adequate health care. Barry Joe [interview] Barry Joe [interview] Barry Joe Barry Joe The profitable prison-industry in conjunction with the War on Drugs, mandatory minimum sentencing makes reformation a difficulty task. The profitable prison-industry in conjunction with the War on Drugs, mandatory minimum sentencing makes reformation a difficulty task.

11 Disparate Impacts Seth Olson Lucy Moore

12 White vs Non-White: Housing Urban centers vs Suburbs Urban centers vs Suburbs Government policies/FHA redlining Government policies/FHA redlining Urban renewal Urban renewal Real estate practices/Restrictive covenants Real estate practices/Restrictive covenants Visible/Non-Visible Crime Visible/Non-Visible Crime

13 White v. Non-White: Punishment 1973: Rockefeller imposes harsher drug sentences 1973: Rockefeller imposes harsher drug sentences 1981: Reagans War on Drugs and Military police style 1981: Reagans War on Drugs and Military police style 1994: Wilsons 3 Strikes Law 1994: Wilsons 3 Strikes Law 1990s: Clinton passes: Crime bill; Welfare Reform; Higher Ed Reform 1990s: Clinton passes: Crime bill; Welfare Reform; Higher Ed Reform

14 White vs Non-White 5 grams crack or 500 grams cocaine=same sentence 5 grams crack or 500 grams cocaine=same sentence

15 Disparate Incarceration Rates, by Race

16 Women and Children 50% imprisoned women HIV positive and addicted to drugs 50% imprisoned women HIV positive and addicted to drugs 1 in 109 women incarcerated, 1 in 50 disenfranchised due to conviction 1 in 109 women incarcerated, 1 in 50 disenfranchised due to conviction 53,000 foster care children with incarcerated mother 53,000 foster care children with incarcerated mother 1 in 5 children witness mothers arrest 1 in 5 children witness mothers arrest

17 Effects on Poorly Educated Employment rate: black HS dropouts: 1980: 66% 1999: 50% Employment rate: black HS dropouts: 1980: 66% 1999: 50% Including Prisoners: 1980: 55% 1999: 30% Including Prisoners: 1980: 55% 1999: 30% Decreased earning potential as they age Decreased earning potential as they age 1999: white dropouts 1.5X more employed than black dropouts 1999: white dropouts 1.5X more employed than black dropouts Including Prisoners: whites 2.5X more employed than blacks Including Prisoners: whites 2.5X more employed than blacks

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19 Sentencing And Incarceration Many drug offenders are disproportionately incarcerated based on certain categories Many drug offenders are disproportionately incarcerated based on certain categories Nearly 500,000 inmates are currently incarcerated for possession and or sale of drugs Nearly 500,000 inmates are currently incarcerated for possession and or sale of drugs

20 Statistics Percentage of prisoners suffering from substance abuse: Percentage of prisoners suffering from substance abuse: 53 % of state and federal prisons 53 % of state and federal prisons Percentage of those prisoners receiving treatment while incarcerated: Percentage of those prisoners receiving treatment while incarcerated: State 40.3% State 40.3% Federal 48.6% Federal 48.6%

21 Corrections as a profitable enterprise Private prisons and private construction

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23 Prisons and the effect on local economies 21% of residents live in poverty Taxation issues Contributor to local economies/services? Use of prison labor versus local labor

24 Measure 11 Mandatory minimum sentencing for 21 criminal offenses Increases in operating costs Diminished cost-benefit ratio Financial impact on Oregon taxpayers

25 Spending increases on corrections New prisons being built Growing market for private business Prison population growth tied to lucrative business State Department of Corrections budget is growing Business of Corrections/Growing prison populations

26 Reforming the Prison-Industrial Complex Jessica Marks, Rebbeccah Robinson

27 Government Budgeting Prison treatment programs Shift fiscal responsibilities from state to local government Community service programs

28 Treatment of non-violent offenders Drug & alcohol treatment Mental health treatment and job skills training

29 Individual Based Sentencing Reform parole practice Earned time & sentence reduction Eliminate mandatory minimums

30 Deprivatize the Prison System Give back authority to government Hold organizations liable for actions Public Safety and Justice Campaign

31 Preventing Crime Provide equal social opportunity One-Stop Rehabilitation Centers Expand Alternative Incarceration Program

32 Community Reentry Program


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