6 Derivation vs. Inflection (1) It changes the category and/or the type of meaning of the word, so it is said to create a new word.e.g. suffix –ment in governmentIt does not change either the grammatical category or the type of meaning found in the word.e.g. suffix –s in books
7 Derivation vs. Inflection (2) A derivational affix must combine with the base before an inflectional affix.e.g. neighbour (base) + hood (DA) + s (IA)= neighbourhoodsThe following combination is unacceptable:neighbour (base) + s (IA) + hood (DA)= *neighbourshood
8 Derivation vs. Inflection (3) An inflectional affix in more productive than a derivational affix.e.g. the inflectional suffix –s can combine with virtually any noun to form a plural noun.On the other hand,the derivational suffix –ant can combine only with Latinate bases.
9 English Inflectional Morphemes Nouns–s plural–’s possessiveVerbs–s third person singular present–ed past tense–en past participle–ing progressiveAdjectives–er comparative–est superlative
10 Inflections in other languages Case: in Turkish and Latin (p. 166)Tense: in Chibemba (p. 170)
15 AffixationPrefix: An affix that is attached to the front of a base, e.g. re-play.Suffix: An affix that is attached to the end of a base, e.g. kind-ness.Infix: An affix that occur within a base, e.g. (in Indonesian) s-in-ambung.Confix (Circumfix/Ambifix): An affix that is attached to the front and to the end of a base simultaneously, e.g. (in Indonesian) ke-lapar-an.Interfix, simulfix, superfix, and transfix.
16 Examples of English Affixes See pages 145 – 146.
17 Homework (Group Assignment): The answers to be presented by each group next week (prepare a PPT file).1.Define and give examples of the six types of affixes: infix, confix, interfix, simulfix, superfix, dan transfix. Examples can be derived from English, Indonesian, or Arabic.2. List English Prefixes which are NOT mentioned on page 146. Determine the word class and give two examples for each prefix.3. List English Suffixes which are NOT mentioned on pp Determine the word class and give two examples for each suffix.
18 AffixationTo be continued next weekDeny A. Kwary