Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Morphology: The analysis of word structure Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Morphology: The analysis of word structure Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net."— Presentation transcript:

1 Morphology: The analysis of word structure Deny A. Kwary

2 Main Divisions of Word Classes (Parts of Speech): Content Words Function Words Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Conjunctions Prepositions Articles Pronouns

3 Exercise: Determine the word class of each of the following words a. betterment b. the c. him d. elegant e. inconvenience f. eloquently g. comply h. inasmuch as i. over a. Noun b. Article c. Pronoun d. Adjective e. Noun f. Adverb g. Verb h. Conjunction i. Preposition

4 Word and Morpheme Word: the smallest free form Word: the smallest free form Morpheme: the smallest meaningful unit Morpheme: the smallest meaningful unit Word simple and complex Word simple and complex E.g. hunt and hunter E.g. hunt and hunter Morpheme free and bound Morpheme free and bound E.g. hunt and -er E.g. hunt and -er

5 Question #1, p.173 a. Fly Simple, no bm, fly b. Desks Complex, -s, desk c. Untie Complex, un-, tie d. Tree Simple, no bm, tree e. Dislike Complex, dis-, like f. Reuse Complex, re-, use g. Triumphed Complex, -ed, triumph h. Delight Simple, no bm, delight i. Justly Complex, -ly, just

6 Derivation vs. Inflection (1) It changes the category and/or the type of meaning of the word, so it is said to create a new word. e.g. suffix –ment in government It does not change either the grammatical category or the type of meaning found in the word. e.g. suffix –s in books

7 Derivation vs. Inflection (2) A derivational affix must combine with the base before an inflectional affix. e.g. neighbour (base) + hood (DA) + s (IA) = neighbourhoods The following combination is unacceptable: neighbour (base) + s (IA) + hood (DA) = *neighbourshood

8 Derivation vs. Inflection (3) An inflectional affix in more productive than a derivational affix. e.g. the inflectional suffix –s can combine with virtually any noun to form a plural noun. On the other hand, the derivational suffix –ant can combine only with Latinate bases.

9 English Inflectional Morphemes Nouns –s plural –s possessive Verbs –s third person singular present –edpast tense –en past participle –ingprogressive Adjectives –er comparative –estsuperlative

10 Inflections in other languages Case: in Turkish and Latin (p. 166) Tense: in Chibemba (p. 170)

11 Some examples of English Derivational Morpheme -ic : Noun Adj; alcohol alcoholic -ly : Adj Adv; exact exactly -ate : Noun Verb; vaccin vaccinate -ity : Adj Noun; active activity -ship : Noun Noun; friend friendship re- : Verb Verb; cover recover

12 Describe the italic affixes: 1) im possible 2) terroriz ed 3) terror ize 4) desk s 5) dis like 6) human ity 7) fast est 1) Derivational prefix 2) Inflectional suffix 3) Derivational suffix 4) Inflectional suffix 5) Derivational prefix 6) Derivational suffix 7) Inflectional suffix

13 Describe the italic affixes: 8) pre mature 9) un tie 10) dark en 11) fall en 12) ox en 13) fast er 14) lectur er 8) Derivational prefix 9) Derivational prefix 10) Derivational suffix 11) Inflectional suffix 12) Inflectional suffix 13) Inflectional suffix 14) Derivational suffix

14 Page 179 Number 18 Number 18 Number 19 Number 19

15 Affixation Prefix: An affix that is attached to the front of a base, e.g. re-play. Prefix: An affix that is attached to the front of a base, e.g. re-play. Suffix: An affix that is attached to the end of a base, e.g. kind-ness. Suffix: An affix that is attached to the end of a base, e.g. kind-ness. Infix: An affix that occur within a base, e.g. (in Indonesian) s-in-ambung. Infix: An affix that occur within a base, e.g. (in Indonesian) s-in-ambung. Confix (Circumfix/Ambifix): An affix that is attached to the front and to the end of a base simultaneously, e.g. (in Indonesian) ke-lapar-an. Confix (Circumfix/Ambifix): An affix that is attached to the front and to the end of a base simultaneously, e.g. (in Indonesian) ke-lapar-an. Interfix, simulfix, superfix, and transfix. Interfix, simulfix, superfix, and transfix.

16 Examples of English Affixes See pages 145 – 146.

17 Homework (Group Assignment): The answers to be presented by each group next week (prepare a PPT file). 1.Define and give examples of the six types of affixes: infix, confix, interfix, simulfix, superfix, dan transfix. Examples can be derived from English, Indonesian, or Arabic. 2. List English Prefixes which are NOT mentioned on page 146. Determine the word class and give two examples for each prefix. 3. List English Suffixes which are NOT mentioned on pp Determine the word class and give two examples for each suffix.

18 Affixation To be continued next week To be continued next week Deny A. Kwary


Download ppt "Morphology: The analysis of word structure Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google