Presentation on theme: "OIL & INVESTOR RISK. SUMMARY Oil industry going deeper and dirtier (oil at any cost) IOCs face rising costs & risks Assuming 2 o C will not be achieved."— Presentation transcript:
OIL & INVESTOR RISK
SUMMARY Oil industry going deeper and dirtier (oil at any cost) IOCs face rising costs & risks Assuming 2 o C will not be achieved Triad of policy pressures causing demand destruction Peak demand could leave IOCs stranded at the wrong end of the production cost curve Is RRR a disincentive for change?
DIRTIER & DEEPER Shedding alternatives to concentrate in oil & gas More extreme environments (ultra-deep, offshore Arctic) Unconventional (tar sands, kerogen, CTL, GTL, tight oil and shale gas) EOR
UNDERLYING TRENDS High Capex (increasing cost per flowing barrel) Escalating operating costs Rising operational risk (upstream & down) Low or negative growth Tighter margins
HIGH OIL PRICE = HIGH VOLATILITY The Breakpoint Zone (CERA) a company will not invest in a project that requires a $100/bbl break even if the average oil price is $100/bbl. …the company will require a degree of comfort, which we calculate here is around $25/bbl, to make an investment in a marginal project. (Deutsche Bank: Dec 2010)
PRODUCTION COST CURVE
RESERVES ARE KEY RRR demands constant reacquisition of a non- renewable and fast disappearing resource Can we really expect 100% RRR ad-infinitum? Current reserves reporting reveals little about relative exposure to rising risks & costs What is the alternative?
WANTED! NEW METRICS Signal that RRR is no longer key Enhance risk assessment of reserves additions Incorporate climate risk into reserves additions Value alternative business models Reward alternatives Encourage diversification