Presentation on theme: "Predicting Products of a Reaction Will a reaction take place? If so, what will be produced?"— Presentation transcript:
Predicting Products of a Reaction Will a reaction take place? If so, what will be produced?
Predicting Products NOT just a shot in the dark! Rules govern whether or not reactants will form new products.
Predicting Single Replacement Reaction 1. Decide which element is a metal and nonmetal. Decide which part is positive and negative. +2 +1+2 +1 METAL NON
Predicting Single Replacement 2. USE ACTIVITY SERIES CHART from reference table to see if loner metal is higher than metal in compound. If YES the reaction proceeds, higher metal displaces the lower metal If NO the reaction will not occur. No RXN! Examine Activity Series of Metals Examine Activity Series of Halogens
HIGHER REPLACES LOWER!
Activity Series of Halogens HIGHER REPLACES LOWER
Predicting Single Replacement 3. Higher REPLACES lower metal replaces metal halogen replaces halogen
Predicting Single Replacement 4. Write correct formulas for new products! Remember ionic compounds (criss x cross) Remember diatomic gases (Br 2 I 2 N 2 Cl 2 H 2 O 2 F 2 )
Predicting Single Replacement 5. BALANCE EQUATION by balancing coefficients.
EXAMPLE Fe + HCl Iron (Fe) will try to replace the hydrogen (H) in HCl. Can Iron (Fe) replace the hydrogen (H) in HCl? Check Activity Series! Is Fe higher than H? YES Iron (Fe) replaces the hydrogen (H) in HCl and bonds with chloride (Cl) bumping out (H) from the compound. FeCl 3 + H 2 Final Step is ALWAYS BALANCE! 63 2 2
Predicting Double Replacement 1. Divide molecules into + and - halves. Positive halves switch partners!
Predicting Double Replacement 2. Write correct formula for new molecules on product side by criss x crossing charges. NaOH (aq) + CaSO 4 (aq) +1 +2-2 Na 2 SO 4 + Ca(OH) 2 +1-2 +2
Predicting Double Replacement 3. Balance the EQUATION! NaOH (aq) + CaSO 4 (aq) Na 2 SO 4 + Ca(OH) 2 2
Predicting Double Replacement 4. Decide which product will be a solid and which will be aqueous. Watch this http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulations/category/ch emistry USE SOLUBILITY RULES! Reference Table (s) INSOLUBLE does not dissolve in water, ppt (aq) SOLUBLE dissolves in water (aq) (s) 2 NaOH (aq) + CaSO 4 (aq) Na 2 SO 4 + Ca(OH) 2
Predicting Double Replacement 5. IF both products are aqueous, then no reaction occurs.