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Regular Expressions BKF03 Brian Ciccolo. Agenda Definition Uses – within Aspen and beyond Matching Replacing.

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Presentation on theme: "Regular Expressions BKF03 Brian Ciccolo. Agenda Definition Uses – within Aspen and beyond Matching Replacing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Regular Expressions BKF03 Brian Ciccolo

2 Agenda Definition Uses – within Aspen and beyond Matching Replacing

3 Whats a Regular Expression? In computing, regular expressions, also referred to as regex or regexp, provide a concise and flexible means for matching strings of text, such as particular characters, words, or patterns of characters. A regular expression is written in a formal language that can be interpreted by a regular expression processor, a program that either serves as a parser generator or examines text and identifies parts that match the provided specification.

4 Why Use a Regex? Validate data entry Example: Verify the format of a date field is mm/dd/yyyy Find/replace on steroids Example: Reformat phone numbers to (###) ###-####

5 Regex Use in Aspen Data validation o Date, time field input o Validation rules (new in 3.0 – see session TEC07) Find/replace on steroids o System Log filter o Field formatting

6 RegEx Examples Using Notepad++ Select the proper Search Mode Select this option for our examples

7 Matching – The Basics Literals - plain old text Classes ExampleDefinition [abc]a, b, or c [a-z]Any lowercase letter [a-zA-Z]Any lowercase or uppercase letter [0-9]Any digit, 0 through 9 [^a-zA-Z]Not a letter (could be a digit or punctuation)

8 Matching – Predefined Classes Predefined Class Definition.Any character \dAny digit: [0-9] \DAny non-digit: [^0-9] \sA whitespace character (space, tab, newline) \SA non-whitespace character: [^\s] \wA word character: [a-zA-Z_0-9] \WA non-word character (i.e., punctuation): [^\w]

9 Matching – Quantifiers QuantifierDefinition ? Matches 0 or 1 time (Not supported by Notepad++) +Matches 1 or more times *Matches 0 or more times {n,m} Matches at least n times but no more than m times (Not supported by Notepad++)

10 Matching – Greedy vs. Lazy Quantifiers are greedy by default – they match as many characters as possible Sometimes you want to match the fewest characters possible – enter lazy quantifiers QuantifierLazy Equivalent* ??? ++? **? * Not supported by Notepad++

11 Replacing – Groups Groups in the regex can be used in the replacement value Delimited with parentheses in the regex Identified with \n where n is the n th group in the original expression \0 represents the entire match (not supported in Notepad++)

12 Reformatting Dates Change mm/dd/yyyy to yyyy-mm-dd Regex: (\d+)/(\d+)/(\d+) Replacement: \3-\1-\2 Step 2 – pad the single digits! Regex: -(\d)([-"]) Replacement: -0\1\2

13 Reformatting Phone Numbers (v1) Wrap the area code in parentheses Regex: "(\d\d\d)- Replacement: "(\1) Ends with a space!

14 Reformatting Phone Numbers (v2) Strip punctuation (numbers only) Regex: \((\d+)\) (\d+)-(\d+) Replacement: \1\2\3

15 Reformatting Social Security Numbers Format SSN as ###-##-#### Do it in Aspen! Define a record in the Regular Expression Library table Set the regex on the Person ID field in the Data Dictionary

16 Define a Regular Expression Regex and format properties

17 Update the Data Dictionary Link to the regex

18 Verify the Results

19 Extras Wikipedia Entry Regular Expressions Cheat Sheet (V2) Java regex support Notepad++ text editor and regex support

20 Thank you.

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