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Migrations Out of Africa

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1 Migrations Out of Africa
Slide Set #26D Tim Roufs’ section Migrations Out of Africa

2 III “Eve” II “Eve” “Eve” I

3 “Eve” “Eve” I

4 Homo sapiens Homo erectus Homo habilis Australopithecus
“Moderns” Neandertals Homo sapiens Homo erectus Pleistocene Homo habilis Australopithecus

5 Migrations 3. The Genographic Project 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA)
ca. 60,000 ybp Dr. Dr. Spencer Wells (also DNA based) 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA) ca. 150,000 – 200,000 ybp 1. Homo erectus migrations ca. 1.8 mya

6 Time 23 July 2001

7 Time 23 July 2001

8 Homo erectus Orrorin Ardipithecus Australopithecus Paranthropus Homo
tugenensis ramidus anamensis afarensis africanus garhi aethiopicus boisei robustus rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus sapiens

9 Homo rudolfensis ( “early” ) Homo habilis ( “early” ) erectus sapiens
Genus Homo Species rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus Java (Trinil) Pithecanthropus erectus China (Beijing) Homo erectus pekinensis Africa . . . Europe . . . sapiens

10 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 238

11

12 The First Men (Time-Life, 1973), p. 111

13 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p

14 Kottak, Physical Anthropology & Archaeology (NY: McGraw-Hill, 2004), p

15 “Eve” II “Eve” “Eve”

16 “Did We Come Out of Africa? Studies Collide” “Out of Africa” vs.
[“Replacement Theory”] vs. “Multi-Regional” Theory New York Times (12 January 2001)

17 Migrations 3. The Genographic Project 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA)
ca. 60,000 ybp Dr. Dr. Spencer Wells (also DNA based) 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA) ca. 150,000 – 200,000 ybp 1. Homo erectus migrations ca. 1.8 mya

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19 Migration II: Homo sapiens sapiens
150,000 – 200,000 ybp Time 23 July 2001

20 Migration II: Homo sapiens sapiens
150,000 – 200,000 ybp Time 23 July 2001

21 Homo rudolfensis ( “early” ) Homo habilis ( “early” ) erectus sapiens
Genus Homo Species rudolfensis ( “early” ) habilis ( “early” ) erectus Java (Trinil) Pithecanthropus erectus China (Beijing) Homo erectus pekinensis Africa . . . Europe . . . sapiens

22 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 284

23 Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p 326

24 Migrations “Eve Theory”
A. “Out of Africa” aka “The Mitochondrial Eve Theory” aka “The Complete Replacement Model” Rebecca Caan Christopher Stringer vs. B. Multiregional Hypothesis aka “The Regional Continuity Model” Millard Wolpoof

25 Migrations “The Partial Replacement Model”
begins with African early archaic includes components of regional continuity, hybridization, and replacement, with the emphasis on replacement the disappearance of archaic humans was due to both hybridization and replacement, and was a gradual and complex process Günter Bräuer

26 Migrations “Eve Theory”
A. “Out of Africa” aka “The Mitochondrial Eve Theory” aka “The Complete Replacement Model” Rebecca Caan Christopher Stringer vs. B. Multiregional Hypothesis aka “The Regional Continuity Model” Millard Wolpoof

27 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 465.
“Multiregional hypothesis” “Out of Africa” model “Eve” Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 465.

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29 Migrations “Eve Theory”
A. “Out of Africa” aka “The Mitochondrial Eve Theory” aka “The Complete Replacement Model” Rebecca Caan Christopher Stringer vs. B. Multiregional Hypothesis aka “The Regional Continuity Model” Millard Wolpoof

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31 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 465.
“Multiregional hypothesis” “Out of Africa” model “Eve” Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 465.

32

33 III “Eve” “Eve” “Eve”

34 Migrations 3. The Genographic Project 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA)
ca. 60,000 ybp Dr. Dr. Spencer Wells (also DNA based) 2. “Out of Africa” (mtDNA) ca. 150,000 – 200,000 ybp 1. Homo erectus migrations ca. 1.8 mya

35 https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html

36 https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/atlas.html

37 https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/
Venus of Willendorf c. 24,000 ybp https://www5.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/ Roufs DNA results ID # = FW35F6VQRR https://www9.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/report.html

38 Homo erecti are hand axe people
Homo erectus REM Homo erecti are hand axe people

39

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41 Homo erectus REM Homo erecti are hand axe people But did some leave Africa before the invention of the hand axe?

42 Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 334.
The “Movius Line” bamboo area Campbell – Loy, Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 334.


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