Presentation on theme: "Mattmitchellmd.com1 Total Knee Replacement MATTHEW E. MITCHELL, M.D."— Presentation transcript:
mattmitchellmd.com1 Total Knee Replacement MATTHEW E. MITCHELL, M.D.
mattmitchellmd.com2 Disclaimer The opinions in this presentation are based on my personal experience and review of the literature. Decisions should only be made after consultation with your primary doctor or orthopedic surgeon. More information can be gained from the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Website.
mattmitchellmd.com3 KNEE ARTHRITIS Cause 1. Previous Injury 2. Disease such as rheumatoid arthritis 3. Many times the cause is uncertain
mattmitchellmd.com4 Symptoms 1. Progressive pain with activities 2. Loss of motion 3. Crunching sensation in the knee 4. Pain at the start of activity that gets better warms up over time 5. Over time deformity can occur in the knee
mattmitchellmd.com5 Treatment 1.Anti-inflammatories such as motrin or aspirin 2.Physical Therapy 3.Activity modifications such as using a cane 4.Injections 5.Surgery
mattmitchellmd.com6 Injections Steroids –Takes up to 7 days to take effect –Possibility of infection (extremely rare) –May last more than 6 months Visco supplements –Hyalgan and Synvisc –Multiple injections –Usually used for early arthritis
mattmitchellmd.com7 Osteotomies Used to correct deformity due to arthritis Useful in younger patients Indications are more limited than knee replacement Some patients are candidates for osteotomies
mattmitchellmd.com8 Knee Replacement Unicompartmental replacement –Replaces half of the knee
mattmitchellmd.com9 Knee Replacement –Total Knee Replacement Replaces all of the knee
mattmitchellmd.com10 Minimally Invasive Surgery About ½ of patients are candidates May allow earlier discharge from hospital No studies to date show that MIS (minimally invasive surgery) gives better long term results than traditional surgery Some institutions have noted higher complication rates with MIS
mattmitchellmd.com11 Before Surgery Talk with your physician about stopping anti-inflammatory medication You may need a clearance from your medical doctor Expect hospitalization for 3-5 days It is a good idea to visit your physical therapy location before surgery
mattmitchellmd.com12 After Surgery You will usually be on some type of clot prevention medication (lovenox or coumadin) Physical therapy should begin immediately after surgery You will need a cane for 4-6 weeks after surgery I like to take sutures out of the incision at 14 days after the day of surgery
mattmitchellmd.com13 Follow Up and Expectations My preference is to see patients at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery You should also be given yearly follow up for xrays Most people are doing well by 3 months and by 6 months can resume most activities Back to Patient Information