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CHAPTER 10: Teaching Positive Replacement Behaviors Behavior Management: Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports Third Edition John J. Wheeler.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 10: Teaching Positive Replacement Behaviors Behavior Management: Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports Third Edition John J. Wheeler."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 10: Teaching Positive Replacement Behaviors Behavior Management: Principles and Practices of Positive Behavior Supports Third Edition John J. Wheeler David D. Richey

2 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-2 Objectives List and describe the factors that contribute to skill deficits Describe and discuss the methods for selecting positive replacement behaviors Identify and describe how to design a plan for teaching replacement behaviors Describe methods for formulating goals and objectives

3 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-3 Understanding Skill Deficits Experienced by Students Skill deficits result from: A failure to develop mastery of a skill Having little or no opportunity to learn the skill The student was not fluent in the skill before instruction was terminated Inconsistent use of teaching strategies i.e., instructional cues

4 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-4 Skill Deficits and Challenging Behavior Students may often engage in challenging behavior as a result of their: Inability to select alternative responses due to a limited repertoire of skills Behaviors continue to be precipitated by triggers found within learning environments and or reinforced and maintained within these same settings

5 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-5 Importance of Replacement Behaviors Positive replacement behaviors promote the overall best interest of the learner The presence of appropriate skills affords the learner increased lifestyle options Replacement behaviors reduce the likelihood that challenging behaviors will occur

6 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-6 Importance of Replacement Behaviors Positive replacement behaviors promote the overall best interest of the learner The presence of appropriate skills affords the learner increased lifestyle options Replacement behaviors reduce the likelihood that challenging behaviors will occur

7 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-7 Guidelines for Selecting Replacement Behaviors Select a replacement behavior that serves the same function Make sure the replacement behavior is efficient thus making it easier to facilitate acquisition of the new behavior Use direct forms of instruction to teach the replacement behavior

8 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-8 Formulating Goals and Objectives Consider why the behavior should be taught Provide a clear and concise rationale as to the importance of the goal Is the skill a logical replacement behavior? Will the replacement behavior have utility in the students daily environments(s)? Is the goal relative to the behavior socially valid?

9 Wheeler/Richey. Behavior Management, 3e. © 2014, 2010, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 10-9 Developing a Plan for Teaching Replacement Behaviors Provide a rationale as to why the skill should be taught Identify the materials needed to teach the replacement skill Describe the instructional antecedents Operationally define the instructional and data collection procedures Provide a plan for evaluation and generalization


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