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Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Behaviors: Part 2 Behavioral Intervention/Teaching Strategies THE HOW! January 2008 & January 2009 Revised July.

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Presentation on theme: "Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Behaviors: Part 2 Behavioral Intervention/Teaching Strategies THE HOW! January 2008 & January 2009 Revised July."— Presentation transcript:

1 Assessment and Intervention Strategies for Behaviors: Part 2 Behavioral Intervention/Teaching Strategies THE HOW! January 2008 & January 2009 Revised July 2010 Bette Greer Betsy Stanwood

2 Target Behavior Attention From: Peers Staff Preferred Adult Power Escape/ Avoidance Self Stimulation For: Control Intimidation Vengeance Of: Person Activity Classroom To reduce: Anxiety Fear Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Functions of Behavior

3 Target Behavior Attention From: Peers Staff Preferred Adult Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Functions of Behavior

4 Function of John Samples Behavior from FBA: Attention What is the Observed Target Behavior from FBA: Talking out Hypothesis Statement for John Sample from FBA: When John is in a whole group instructional classroom setting and is not recognized by the adult he typically responds by talking out to gain attention Now define the Target ( Inappropriate ) behavior for John in observable terms!

5 Describe Johns Target (Inappropriate) Behavior What Does It Look Like? Frantic hand waving Pouting when not called on by teacher or staff Rolling around on the carpet after being reprimanded Wandering from assigned area What Does It Sound Like? Calling out without teacher recognition Talking to neighbor Making negative comments following another students response Making noises that all can hear during lesson

6 Describe Possible Replacement Behaviors for John Sample Raising hand without waving arm Waiting without pouting for teacher recognition Responding by correcting behavior after being reprimanded Remaining in assigned area Waiting without calling out for teacher attention Listening without talking to neighbor Listening to another students response without commenting Listening without making noises that all can hear during lesson What Do Appropriate Replacement Behaviors Look Like?

7 What Replacement Behavior Do We Need to Teach John? How to gain Attention appropriately Teaching Strategies: 1.Talk Ticket http://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/talkticket.phpTalk Ticket http://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/talkticket.php 2.Breaking the Attention-Seeking Habit: The Power of Random Positive Teacher AttentionBreaking the Attention-Seeking Habit: The Power of Random Positive Teacher Attention http://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/ncrft.php 3. Verbal Outbursts Verbal Outbursts http://dpi.wi.gov/sped/doc/ebdveroutb.doc 4.Student Help SignalStudent Help Signal http://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/study/helpsignal.php 5.Rubber Band InterventionRubber Band Intervention http://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/ rubberbandhttp://www.interventioncentral.com/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/ rubberband.php

8 Teaching Strategies Continued Stop Wait a minute Finish work Tyler Quiet Tyler draw read VISUAL CUES 1.Photos of student presenting target behavior and replacement behavior 1.Visual cue card to prompt student to use replacement behavior Use your calm space Good Work Tyler

9 Target Behavior Power For: Control Intimidation Vengeance Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Functions of Behavior

10 Function of Sally Solutions Behavior from FBA: Power What is the Observed Target Behavior from FBA: Refusal to Engage in Tasks Hypothesis Statement for Sally Solution from FBA: When Sally is in a classroom setting and is asked to complete a task she typically responds by refusing to engage to gain power and control. Now define the Target (Inappropriate) behavior for Sally in observable terms!

11 Sally Solution Activity Step 1: In Teams, define Sallys Inappropriate Behavior Step 2: In Teams, define Sallys Target/Desired Replacement behaviors that will taught.

12 Describe Sallys Target (Inappropriate) Behavior What Does It Look Like? What Does It Sound Like? Head down Pushing away materials Ripping worksheets Breaking pencils Saying NO! Saying threatening things like Im going to hit you!, You cant make me do this!, etc. Screaming Slamming materials to the floor

13 Describe Possible Replacement Behaviors for Sally Solution Head up & looking at teacher Using materials correctly (i.e. without ripping, or throwing, without breaking pencils) Requesting assistance instead of saying no, threatening or screaming. Requesting use of an alternate or modified task What Do Appropriate Replacement Behaviors Look Like?

14 What Replacement Behavior Do We Need to Teach Sally? 1.Passive ResistancePassive Resistance http://dpi.wi.gov/sped/doc/ebdnoncomp.doc 2.School-Wide Strategies for Managing... DEFIANCE / NON- COMPLIANCESchool-Wide Strategies for Managing... DEFIANCE / NON- COMPLIANCE http://www.jimwrightonline.com/php/interventionista/interventionista_intv_list.php?prob _type=defiancenon_compliance –Allow the Student a 'Cool-Down' BreakAllow the Student a 'Cool-Down' Break –Ask Open-Ended QuestionsAsk Open-Ended Questions –Do Not Get Entangled in ArgumentsDo Not Get Entangled in Arguments –Emphasize the Positive in Teacher RequestsEmphasize the Positive in Teacher Requests –Increase 'Reinforcement' Quality of the ClassroomIncrease 'Reinforcement' Quality of the Classroom –Keep Responses Calm, Brief, and BusinesslikeKeep Responses Calm, Brief, and Businesslike –Offer the Student a Face-Saving OutOffer the Student a Face-Saving Out –Listen ActivelyListen Actively How to gain power/control appropriately Teaching Strategies

15 Target Behavior Escape/ Avoidance Of: Person Activity Classroom Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Functions of Behavior

16 Function of Fred Refusals Behavior from FBA: Escape/Avoidance What is the Observed Target Behavior from FBA: Tearing or destroying materials Hypothesis Statement for Fred Refusal from FBA: When Fred is in the regular classroom setting and is asked to complete an assignment he typically responds by tearing or destroying materials to gain escape/avoidance. Now define the Target (Inappropriate) behavior for Fred in observable terms!

17 Step 1: In Teams, define Freds Inappropriate Behavior Step 2: In Teams, define Freds Target/Desired Replacement behaviors that will taught. Fred Refusals Activity

18 Describe Freds Target (Inappropriate) Behavior What Does It Look Like? What Does It Sound Like? Tearing up worksheets Marking/scribbling on paper Breaking pencils Making inappropriate comments to other students Slamming books on the floor Knocking over desks

19 Describe Possible Replacement Behaviors for Fred Refusal What Do Appropriate Replacement Behaviors Look Like? Raising hand without waving arm Asking teacher for help with difficult work either verbally or with the use of a visual Asking for a calm break either verbally or with the use of a visual Asking teacher to show him an example verbally or with the use of a visual Tearing up non-school related paper as a release Asking teacher for alternate work using a script card Utilizing a wait card and Im Waiting folder

20 What Replacement Behavior Do We Need to Teach Fred? Teaching Strategies: 1.Accommodating All Students: 'Classic' Ideas That Teachers Can Use to Diversify Classroom InstructionAccommodating All Students: 'Classic' Ideas That Teachers Can Use to Diversify Classroom Instruction http://www.interventioncentral.org/htmdocs/interventions/genAcademic/classic.php Write assignments or complex directions on the board in addition to saying them Create easy-to-follow 'strategy' sheet that lays out academic problem-solving steps in a clear manner for student to refer to as needed. Give copies of this model to each student, and mount poster-size versions on classroom walls. Teach students acceptable, unobtrusive ways to get academic assistance from peers. Put together 'help-signal' program: when a student gets 'stuck' on seatwork, he or she displays help-signal (e.g., brightly colored index card) on desk, switches to other work until teacher is freed up to approach and provide assistance. Train classmates (or even older students from another classroom) to serve as floating 'peer- tutors' during seatwork, circulating around classroom to help students in difficulty. Keep instructions brief. Break multi-step directions into smaller subsets-and have the student complete one subset before advancing to another. Use simple, clear language. 2.Reducing Problem Behaviors Through Good Academic Management: 10 StrategiesReducing Problem Behaviors Through Good Academic Management: 10 Strategies http://www.interventioncentral.org/htmdocs/interventions/behavior/edtchng.php How to gain Escape/Avoidance appropriately

21 Target Behavior Self Stimulation To reduce: Anxiety Fear Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Functions of Behavior

22 Function of Sammy Stems Behavior from FBA: Self Stimulation What is the Observed Target Behavior from FBA: Scripting Hypothesis Statement for Sammy Stem Refusal from FBA: When Sammy is in an instructional classroom setting and is asked to participate or listen to the group discussion he typically responds by scripting out loud a cartoon episode to gain self-stimulation. I'm happier 'n a tornado in a trailer park! Now define the Target (Inappropriate) behavior for Sammy in observable terms!

23 Step 1: In Teams, define Sammys Inappropriate Behavior Step 2: In Teams, define Sammys Target/Desired Replacement behaviors that will taught. Sammy Stems Activity I'm happier 'n a tornado in a trailer park!

24 What Does It Look Like? What Does It Sound Like? Describe Sammys Target (Inappropriate) Behavior Staring ahead and smiling Rocking back and forth Lips moving Hands in motion Making noises such as car sounds Verbalizing words with character intonations Making loud responses

25 Describe Possible Replacement Behaviors for Sammy Stem What Do Appropriate Replacement Behaviors Look Like? Raising hand to request a sensory break Moving to the back of the room to the calm space area to listen to a tape or engage in a prescribed activity Presenting a cue card requesting removal from the class Drawing perseverative thoughts rather than speaking them

26 What Replacement Behavior Do We Need to Teach Sammy? Teaching Strategies: 1.Redirect self stim behavior Use the directive, "no movie talk" Used both auditory and written cues to redirect scripting by stating, "we are not talking about the The Godfather right now, we are talking about school If the stim is "movie talk" and is some how relative to school I may follow the child's lead and say, "Oh, you watched The Godfather last night? How to gain self stimulation appropriately I made him an offer he couldnt refuse!

27 2.Present a Social Story on why scripting bothers others 3.Teach student appropriate way to seek help 4.Increase use of language 5.Define a process to take a break 6.Create a method to allow student to define needs 7.Use a diet of sensory input. 8.Determine the reason for the stim – define what the student should be doing instead of stimming Teaching Strategies Continued

28 Target Behavior Pos ReinfNeg Reinf Other Examples of Teaching Strategies

29 Reduce Frustration When Coming in Late 1.Role play what student needs to do when coming in late 2.Utilize student/teacher agreement for minimizing frustration Sharpen pencil at the end of the day in preparation for the next day Keep lunch ticket in designated place so he can fill it out quietly when coming in late Say to teacher, I missed that part, can you explain it to me? when having missed the initial instruction 3.Teach the use of calming strategies Identify behaviors related to escalating frustration Utilize appropriate de-escalating tools or strategies Tardy Note

30 1.Role play acceptable and unacceptable ways to attain peer attention 2.Utilize a preferred peer to give visual feedback (thumbs up/thumbs down) to indicate students use of acceptable or unacceptable attention seeking behavior 3.Participate in structured game play with peers 4.Pre-teaching of role when participating in cooperative learning groups in the general ed classroom Interact with Peers Appropriately

31 3.Engage in problem solving discussion using a Problem Solving Worksheet Interact with Peers Appropriately Continued

32 1.Role play how to ask for help before getting upset 2.Use visual strategies and tools to request assistance 3.Create a Secret Signal with teacher to request help 4.Utilize a Questions for Teacher folder to be used at a scheduled time to talk to teacher for clarification Communicate Need for Academic Assistance HELP ?

33 Resources NHCS Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports Training Modules NHCS Student Support & Intervention System Manual Why Johnny Doesnt Behave by Barbara Bateman & Annemieke Golly Web Resources - http://dpi.wi.gov/sped/ebdbluepri.html http://dpi.wi.gov/sped/ebdbluepri.html - http://www.interventioncentral.com/ http://www.interventioncentral.com/ - http://www.pbis.org/main.htm http://www.pbis.org/main.htm


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