2WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION CLASS DAY 10 - CHAPTER 7INTERIOR FINISHES FORWOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
3Interior Construction Sequence After the floor platform (concrete or wood) is completed, and exterior walls, sheathing, roof structure and decking is in place, the building is “in the dry”, meaning if it rains one can still work inside.Interior Partition Framing is done simultaneously with exterior walls if the building is wood frame.If the building has masonry exterior walls, and/or is steel frame, the interior framing does not happen until the building is “in the dry.”Interior Partition FramingSOME MAY BE ALSO STRUCTURAL FRAMINGRough-in (& MPE Equipment)Code Compliance InspectionPRIOR TO COVERING UPThermal InsulationPRIOR TO WALL AND CEILING FINISHES (UNLESS BLOWN IN)Ceiling & Wall MaterialsInterior Millwork, Interior FinishesWALLSFLOORSMPE Fixtures, Devices, Trim, & AppliancesSOFT FLOORING
4Sequence of Interior Construction, continued Rough-in: Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing, and special.Thermal Insulation & Vapor Barrier installedCode Compliance Inspection by building officialCeiling & Wall Materials installedInterior Millwork, Interior Finishes, doors, cabinetsMPE Fixtures, Devices, Trim, Appliances, & Finish
5Copper Water Piping (joints) Waste/Vent PipingWC Rough inCopper Water Piping (joints)Why not PVC?Pipe Insulation
19Metal shield to prevent nails From being driven intoPlumbing pipes
20Sealant around pipes to prevent smoke migration From passing through wall space
21THERMAL INSULATION Purpose is to slow the passage of heat flow Common insulating materials are spun glass fibers and rock mineralInstallation is in interstitial space between outside & insideR-Values are the resistance to the number of BTUs that will travel through a material of given area in a given time period.PurposeRETARDS THE PASSAGE OF HEAT - THERMAL TRANSMISSIONOCCUPANTS MORE COMFORTABLELOWERS UTILITY COSTSMaterialsMOST COMMONBATT OR BLANKET (GLASS WOOL)BETWEEN STUDS (FRICTION, STAPLED)LOOSE FILL (GLASS OR ROCK WOOL)BLOWN INRIGID BOARD - POLYSTYRENEAPPLIED OVER FRAMING,InstallationR-ValuesRESISTANCE TO HEAT FLOWLARGER R - GREATER RESISTANCEMINIMUN REQUIREMENTS PER CODELIMITED BY THE THICKNESS OF STUDS, UNLESS ADD’L APPLIED ON THE OUTSIDE OR INSIDE – A primary reason more and more 2x6 studs are being used.
22Vapor Barrier installed On warm side of insulationInsulation in Interior WallSpace to prevent soundtransmissionExterior Wall
23Vapor Barriers on Insulation Insulation can be purchased with or without a vapor barrier.The purpose is to prevent condensation from forming on materials due to moisture in the air and temperature differential.Materials are treated paper, plastic, and aluminum foilInstallation is always on the warm side of the insulation.PurposePREVENT WATER VAPOR FROM ENTERING THE INSULATION AND CONDENSING INTO LIQUIDMaterialsMETAL FOILPLASTICTREATED PAPERON THE INSULATON OR AFTER (FULL SHTS)InstallationVAPOR RETARDER typically PLACED ON THE WARM (INSIDE) SIDE
24Radiant Barriers are used to reduce the flow of solar heat from infrared and Ultraviolet radiation by reflection.Wall sheathing faced with white plastic or aluminum foil on the outer surface reflect UVs and Infrared.Reflective barriers also include a material called “house wrap”, which not only reflects but provides a barrier to air infiltration due to wind.
25Wall & Ceiling Finish Ceilings: Drywall, with textured and painted surface, sometimes acoustic spray.Plaster once was the norm, but now is rarely used because of labor cost.Walls:Drywall, with a variety of attached material, such as texture & paint, wallpaper, vinyl fabric, paneling, tile.PlasterNot often usedCEMENTITIOUS TWO - THREE COAT SYSTEMLABOR INTENSIVECOSTLYLARGELY REPLACED BY DRYWALLGypsum DrywallLOWER COSTQUICKER INSTALLATIONLESS SKILLED CRAFTSMAN NEEDEDGYPSUM WRAPPED WITH PAPERVeneer Plaster
29Drywall Joints are first taped with a 2” wide paper made for the purpose and setsmoothly into a watersoluble joint compound.Finishing Operations & Materials/EquipmentTaped joints are “floated”With a bedding compoundAnd toweled smooth, thenSanded to conceal all jointsAnd fasteners.
32INTERIOR DOORS Decorative panel doors are available in a variety of natural wood, plastic,or metal.MaterialsInterior DoorsPanelPANELS W/ SIDE STILES AND T/B RAILSDEVELOPED TO MIM\NIMIZE CHANGES AND DISTORTION DUE TO CHANGES IN MOISTURE CONTENTFlushCOME IN A VARIETY OF VENEERSTWO TYPESSolid CoreTWO VENEERED FACES W/ CORE OF WOOD BLOCKS OR BONDED WOOD CHIPSHEAVY, STRONGER, RESIST SOUND BETTER THAN HOLLOW CAOREUSES; ENTRY DOORS AND COMMERICIALHollow Core - TWO FACE VENEERS BONDED TO WOOD ORPAPERBOARD SPACERSPrehung - HINGED AND FITTED TO FRAMES AT THE FACTORYCasings - BUILT IN PLACE OR COME W/ PREHUNG (ALSO “SPLITJAMBS)Flush type doors areAvailable in a variety ofNatural wood veneersor pressed wood, and areMade with either a solidCore or hollow core asThe need dictates.
33FLUSH TYPE DOORS Face Veneers Core “Solid” Hollow Core Edge Strips WoodLaminateCore “Solid”CompositeWood BlockingHollow CoreVeneer supportedBy cardboard orWood.Edge StripsFLUSH TYPE DOORSSolid CoreHollow Core
34DOOR INSTALLATION Split Jamb “Pre-Hung” - hinged and fitted to the frames at the factory
35Counter tops and Special Surfaces Ceramic Tile and Special FinishesHard tile floors & countersShowersHard tile wainscotMillwork and Finish CarpentryDoor and window casings and trimCabinets and built in millworkPainting, Staining, & SealersApplication of opaque and transparent finishesCounter tops and Special SurfacesWindow CasingsMUCH THE SAME AS DOORSPLACED INTO ROUGH OPENINGTRIMMED OUTBaseboardsBASE FOR SHORTAT THE JUNCTURE OF THE WALL AND THE FLOORPROTECT THE BOTTOM OF THE WALL AND CLOSE ANY GAP AT THE BASE OF THE WALLFASTENERS - FINISH NAILS TO THE FRAMINGCabinetsCONSTRUCTED AT A CABINETRY SHOP AND BROUGHT TO THE PROJECTTOPS INSTALL AT THE PROJECT
36Plumbing Finish Electrical Finish HVAC Finish Install plumbing finish piping, faucets, & valvesInstall plumbing fixturesInstall ventsElectrical FinishInstall lighting fixtures and switchesInstall receptacles and special outletsMake equipment connectionsHVAC FinishInstall heating and air conditioning equipmentInstall air supply registers and return air grillesThermostats and filtersPlumbing FixturesWATER CLOSETSSINKSSHOWERS & TUBSElectrical Fixtures, Devices & TrimLIGHT FIXTURESDUPLEX, SWITCHESCOVER PLATESHVAC TrimGRILLS & REGISTERS
37RESILIENT FLOORINGResilient flooring is material such as vinyl composition tile, vinyl tile, or sheet vinyl.It is a material that must be glued down at the proper temperature, then protected from construction traffic.
38WOOD FLOORING Pre finished wood flooring is another material that must be protected from constructiontraffic.Unfinished hardwood flooring can beinstalled early, then finished as one ofthe last steps.Types of wood flooring include blindnailed tongue &grooved, squareedge, or woodtiles such as parquet.
39CARPETCarpet is a final material that should not be installed until last – for obvious reasons.There are two types of carpet, based on the method of installation.Stretch carpet is placed over a resilient pad and held in placewith barbed strips fastened tothe floor.So called, ‘commercial carpet’is a very tight weave material,and is installed with a mastic adhesive troweled on the floor.
40Many of the processes of finish within a project overlap in the time frame in which they are installed.But every consideration must be given and demanded by the Architect to guard against damage of one material for the sake of another.Finish surfaces should never be done prior to other trades that could cause damage, without adequate protection to the materials.The General Conditions of the Contract for any project will state that damage done to adjacent finish shall be paid for by the trade responsible for the damage.