Presentation on theme: "CLASS DAY 10 - CHAPTER 7 INTERIOR FINISHES FOR WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION."— Presentation transcript:
CLASS DAY 10 - CHAPTER 7 INTERIOR FINISHES FOR WOOD LIGHT FRAME CONSTRUCTION
Interior Construction Sequence After the floor platform (concrete or wood) is completed, and exterior walls, sheathing, roof structure and decking is in place, the building is in the dry, meaning if it rains one can still work inside. Interior Partition Framing is done simultaneously with exterior walls if the building is wood frame. If the building has masonry exterior walls, and/or is steel frame, the interior framing does not happen until the building is in the dry.
Sequence of Interior Construction, continued Rough-in: Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing, and special. Thermal Insulation & Vapor Barrier installed Code Compliance Inspection by building official Ceiling & Wall Materials installed Interior Millwork, Interior Finishes, doors, cabinets MPE Fixtures, Devices, Trim, Appliances, & Finish
Waste/Vent Piping Copper Water Piping (joints) Why not PVC? Pipe Insulation WC Rough in
Duct Anchorage Flexible Duct Insulation Sprinkler Pipe Rare in Residential Construction
Isolation Joint Isolation Pad
Electrical Rough in
Electrical rough in using flexible metal conduits
Blocking in Frame Wall to Support Wall Attachments Materials Wood Sheet Metal
Metal shield to prevent nails From being driven into Plumbing pipes
Sealant around pipes to prevent smoke migration From passing through wall space
THERMAL INSULATION Purpose is to slow the passage of heat flow Purpose is to slow the passage of heat flow Common insulating materials are spun glass fibers and rock mineral Common insulating materials are spun glass fibers and rock mineral Installation is in interstitial space between outside & inside Installation is in interstitial space between outside & inside R-Values are the resistance to the number of BTUs that will travel through a material of given area in a given time period. R-Values are the resistance to the number of BTUs that will travel through a material of given area in a given time period.
Exterior Wall Insulation in Interior Wall Space to prevent sound transmission Vapor Barrier installed On warm side of insulation
Vapor Barriers on Insulation Insulation can be purchased with or without a vapor barrier. Insulation can be purchased with or without a vapor barrier. The purpose is to prevent condensation from forming on materials due to moisture in the air and temperature differential. The purpose is to prevent condensation from forming on materials due to moisture in the air and temperature differential. Materials are treated paper, plastic, and aluminum foil Materials are treated paper, plastic, and aluminum foil Installation is always on the warm side of the insulation. Installation is always on the warm side of the insulation.
Radiant Barriers are used to reduce the flow of solar heat from infrared and Ultraviolet radiation by reflection. Wall sheathing faced with white plastic or aluminum foil on the outer surface reflect UVs and Infrared. Reflective barriers also include a material called house wrap, which not only reflects but provides a barrier to air infiltration due to wind.
Wall & Ceiling Finish Ceilings: Drywall, with textured and painted surface, sometimes acoustic spray. Plaster once was the norm, but now is rarely used because of labor cost. Walls: Drywall, with a variety of attached material, such as texture & paint, wallpaper, vinyl fabric, paneling, tile.
Drywall Joints are first taped with a 2 wide paper made for the purpose and set smoothly into a water soluble joint compound. Taped joints are floated With a bedding compound And toweled smooth, then Sanded to conceal all joints And fasteners.
Applying Joint Compound
INTERIOR DOORS INTERIOR DOORS Decorative panel doors are available in a variety of natural wood, plastic, or metal. Flush type doors are Available in a variety of Natural wood veneers or pressed wood, and are Made with either a solid Core or hollow core as The need dictates.
Face Veneers Wood Laminate Solid CoreHollow Core Edge Strips Core Solid Composite Wood Blocking Hollow Core Veneer supported By cardboard or Wood. FLUSH TYPE DOORS
DOOR INSTALLATION Pre-Hung - hinged and fitted to the frames at the factory Split Jamb
Ceramic Tile and Special Finishes Hard tile floors & counters Showers Hard tile wainscot Millwork and Finish Carpentry Door and window casings and trim Cabinets and built in millwork Painting, Staining, & Sealers Application of opaque and transparent finishes Counter tops and Special Surfaces
Plumbing Finish Install plumbing finish piping, faucets, & valves Install plumbing fixtures Install vents Electrical Finish Install lighting fixtures and switches Install receptacles and special outlets Make equipment connections HVAC Finish Install heating and air conditioning equipment Install air supply registers and return air grilles Thermostats and filters
RESILIENT FLOORING Resilient flooring is material such as vinyl composition tile, vinyl tile, or sheet vinyl. It is a material that must be glued down at the proper temperature, then protected from construction traffic.
WOOD FLOORING Pre finished wood flooring is another material that must be protected from construction that must be protected from construction traffic. traffic. Unfinished hardwood flooring can be installed early, then finished as one of installed early, then finished as one of the last steps. the last steps. Types of wood flooring include blind nailed tongue & nailed tongue & grooved, square grooved, square edge, or wood edge, or wood tiles such as parquet. tiles such as parquet.
CARPET Carpet is a final material that should not be installed until last – for obvious reasons. There are two types of carpet, based on the method of installation. Stretch carpet is placed over a resilient pad and held in place with barbed strips fastened to the floor. So called, commercial carpet is a very tight weave material, and is installed with a mastic adhesive troweled on the floor.
Many of the processes of finish within a project overlap in the time frame in which they are installed. But every consideration must be given and demanded by the Architect to guard against damage of one material for the sake of another. Finish surfaces should never be done prior to other trades that could cause damage, without adequate protection to the materials. The General Conditions of the Contract for any project will state that damage done to adjacent finish shall be paid for by the trade responsible for the damage.