Presentation on theme: "1 The IISc Quiz Club IQC General Quiz Sunday July 15 2012 QM: Sumeer For feedback : Cell: 9900 266 539."— Presentation transcript:
1 The IISc Quiz Club IQC General Quiz Sunday July 15 2012 QM: Sumeer For feedback : firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: 9900 266 539
2 About Clues Most questions carry some clue(s). Clue(s) will be provided only as long as no team has an objection. If any team does NOT want a clue they can use their veto power to say so, and no clue shall be provided to anyone.
3 Rules Infinite Bounce Each question carries 6 points. Some questions have 2 parts and some are 3 parts. For 2 part answers - each part carries 3 points For 3 part answers - each part carries 2 points. No negatives ! So feel free to Guess, Guess and Guess. Only one answer per team per question. In case of multiple answers, ONLY the first answer will be accepted. No pounces ! The Quiz Master's decision is FINAL ! Disclaimer : Any resemblance to any persons living or dead is purely intentional.
8 The Hazratbal Shrine in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. It contains a relic believed by many Muslims of Kashmir to be a hair of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The shrine is situated on the left bank of the Dal Lake, Srinagar and is considered to be Kashmir's holiest Muslim shrine. The Moi-e-Muqqadas (the sacred hair) of Mohammed is believed to be preserved here. The shrine is known by many names including Hazratbal, Assar-e-Sharief, Madinat-us-Sani, or simply Dargah Sharif.
9 Connect: "The Usual Gang of Idiots" "Number 1 in a field of one." "We must never stop reminding the reader what little value they get for their money!" "You could do worse... and always have!" (clue?)
14 In one scene of film X, Clark Gable undresses for bed, taking off his shirt to reveal that he is bare-chested. An urban legend claims that, as a result, sales of men's undershirts declined noticeably. Film X also prominently features a Greyhound bus in the story, spurring interest in bus travel nationwide. Y is a 1991 Bollywood film released produced by Gulshan Kumar, directed by Mahesh Bhatt starring Pooja Bhatt and Aamir Khan that was an unofficial remake of X. Z's nonchalant carrot-chewing standing position, originated in a scene in the same film in which Gable's character leans against a fence, eating carrots rapidly and talking with his mouth full to Claudette Colbert's character. This scene was well known while the film was popular, and viewers at the time likely recognized Z's behavior as satire. X Y Z?
17 X - It Happened One Night Y - Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin Z - Bugs Bunny
18 X's creation as a "gentle, hairy, non-English-speaking _______" was inspired by Y seeing his own dog sitting up on the passenger seat of his car. Apparently, X's name is derived from the Russian and Ukrainian word for dog. In all four screen appearances, X was played by Peter Mayhew, who was chosen for his height 7'3". Five identical costumes were made for Mayhew to wear. In the original films the suits were made of yak hair and mohair. Later,the suit was made of more comfortable materials. Only Mayhew's blue eyes could be seen in his costume. X,Y ?
21 X - Chewbacca Y - George Lucas Chewbacca's voice was created by the original films' sound designer, Ben Burtt, from a mix of recordings of walruses, lions,camels, bears, rabbits, tigers and badgers in Burtt's personal library. The individual recordings were mixed at different ratios for Chewbacca's different utterances. One of the most prominent elements in the voice was a black bear named Tarik, from Happy Hollow Zoo in San Jose, California.
22 Few pieces of public art are met with unanimous applause, but the 40,000-pound, 26-foot statue that was erected in Chicagos Pioneer Court was more hated than most. After 10 months of complaints from locals and critics alike – not to mention being voted Americas worst piece of bad public art by one website,X has finally been dismantled. Local paper The Chicago Sun-Times ran a story called Goodbye and good riddance, ___ ___ in response to the statue's removal, in which it was described as breathtakingly tacky. Meanwhile, the man responsible for X, artist Johnson said in statement reported by CBS Chicago: I have thoroughly enjoyed seeing the variety of reactions to the sculpture. The statue was repeatedly vandalized. X or what is the statue about ?
26 X - Forever Marilyn The giant sculpture depicted the icon in her famous Seven Year Itch pose, stood above a subway-grate struggling to keep her billowing dress in place. It afforded passerby a view of Marilyns bum beneath her skirt and her famous legs, but even that wasnt enough to win over the Windy City !
30 SCOOTER Scooter Libby (born 1950), American political figure Scooter, a corruption of the word Scoter; a large black diving duck Kick scooter, a wheeled vehicle propelled by a rider pushing off the ground Scooter (skirt), a short skirt with shorts underneath, also known as a "skort" Knee scooter, a mobility device for patients with leg injuries "Scooter", a colloquial term for a Harley Davidson motorcycle The Scooter, a giant, fast-moving storm on the planet Neptune Motor scooter, a motorcycle with a step-through frame
35 Après moi, le déluge" meaning "After me the deluge (will come)"
36 No. 617 Squadron is a Royal Air Force aircraft squadron commonly known as the "Dambusters", for its actions during Operation Chastise against German dams during World War II. The mission used highly specialised bombs to destroy Ruhr dams in Germany. In 1943 the RAF's 617 Squadron attacked the Möhne, Eder and Sorpe dams in Germany with "bouncing bomb". Sir Barnes Neville Wallis,was an English scientist, engineer and inventor best known for inventing the bouncing bomb used by the RAF in Operation Chastise (the "Dambusters" raid) to attack the dams of the Ruhr Valley during World War II. Among his other inventions were the geodesic airframe and the earthquake bomb. The remark is attributed to Louis XV of France in reference to the impending end of a functioning French monarchy and predicting the French Revolution. The phrase is now used to denigrate the attitude of someone who acts irresponsibly, without worrying on the consequences that his/her acts could have. Something like: "I don't care what happens next, I'll be gone",or "The world could collapse after I'm gone, no big deal".
40 Elvis Presley,Betty Grable,Betty Davis and Lady Astor all sporting variants of the pompadour hairstyle named after Madame de Pompadour (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour) a member of the French court, and the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to her death.
41 Chalti ka naam Gaadi Id these Indian Railways trains using the info given. 20 odd Qns
42 This express train runs between _____ and Chennai linking the important cities and towns of southern Tamilnadu with Kerala. It connects Tiruchi, Madurai, Tirunelveli in Tamilnadu and Trivandrum and Kochi in Kerala and longitudinally crosses almost the whole state of Tamilnadu. (see pics) T1
45 The Guruvayur Express connecting the temple city of Guruvayur with Chennai. Guruvayur Sree Krishna Temple is a famous Krishna temple in Guruvayur in Thrissur district of Kerala. It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus and is often referred to as "Bhooloka Vaikuntam which translates to the holy abode of Vishnu on Earth. Hence it is also known as Dwaraka of the South. Shri Krishna is popularly known here by different names such as Kannan, Unni-Kannan (Baby Krishnan), Unni- Krishnan, Balakrishnan, and Guruvayoorappan.
46 A B is an important mail/express train connecting the two pilgrimage centers of Haridwar and Puri.It covers a distance of 2378 Kilometers at an average speed of 53 Kmph. A was an early state in central-eastern India, which comprised most of the modern state of Orissa as well as the Andhra region of the bordering state of AP. It was a rich and fertile land that extended from the river Damodar/Ganges to Godavari and from Bay of Bengal to Amarkantak range in the West.The region was scene of a bloody War fought by the Maurya Emperor Ashoka the Great of Magadha circa 265 BCE. B was located in the northern and eastern portion of the modern-day Indian state of Orissa. This kingdom was mentioned in the Mahabharata, with various names including Odra desha. Early medieval literature says its name means "the land which has excellent opulence of artists and art". The Dasarnas, the Mekalas (a kingdom to the west of B) and the B were mentioned as kingdoms of Bharata Varsha (Ancient India) B were mentioned as taking part in the Kurukshetra War siding with the Kauravas. B also appears in our national anthem. T2
48 Kalinga Utkal Express A - Kalinga Kingdom B - Utkala Kingdom Utkala is also called Utpala and Okkal ; it is also mentioned in our national anthem.
49 It is a sister train to the main Mumbai Rajdhani and connects Mumbai to Delhi's Hazrat Nizamuddin. It is named after the venue from where the Quit India Movement was launched in 1942. (see pic) T3
52 The August Kranti Rajdhani Express Gowalia Tank Maidan (now known as August Kranti Maidan) is a park in central Mumbai where Mahatma Gandhi issued the Quit India speech on 8 August 1942 decreeing that the British must leave India immediately or else mass agitations would take place. The call mobilised the citizens to a huge Civil Disobedience movement as the British refused to grant independence till the War was over.
53 A superfast express train from Chennai Egmore to Tuticorin. Another name of Tuticorin as the sea water of Bay of Bengal in this area is suited for ______ (b1) resulting in cultivation of _______ (b2). T4
55 The Pearl City Express This train is referred to as "Muthu Nagar Express (Muthu-Pearl and Nagar-City) in Tamil. b1 = Oysters b2 = Pearls
56 It is a normal Mail/express train connecting the city of Kolkata with coal belts and industrial towns of Raniganj, Asansol,Kulti, Durgapur, Dhanbad. It is a day train and covers 271 Kilometers at an average speed of 60 km/h. Clue? T5
58 Clinton Hubert Morrison (born 1979) is an English-born professional footballer who plays for Milton Keynes Dons, on loan from Sheffield Wednesday.A forward,he plays international football for Ireland due to his grandmother being from Dublin. Leônidas da Silva (1913–2004) regarded as one of the most important players of the first half of the 20th century. He played for Brazil in two World Cups, and was the top scorer of the 1938 World Cup. He was also known as the "Rubber Man" due to his elasticity and is known for having created the bicycle kick.
60 Black Diamond Express Anthracite (black coal) is also called black diamond. The two footballers are nicknamed black diamond.
61 It is a superfast daily train connecting Howrah to Secunderabad via Bhubaneswar, Vishakhapatnam, Vijayawada and Guntur. It is one of the finest buildings in Hyderabad belonging to Hyderabad State but later owned by the Nizams,located on 32 acres. It is located 5 km. from Charminar was built by Nawab Vikar-ul- Umra, the then Prime Minister of Hyderabad. It literally means "Like the Sky" or "Mirror of the Sky" in Urdu. In 2000 Taj Hotels started restoring it and the new renovated hotel was opened in November,2010. It has a 101-seat dining hall, considered the largest in the world, and the Durbar Hall, embellished with intricately carved wooden ceilings, parquet flooring, regal walnut wood furniture and handcrafted mirrors. (see pic) T6
64 Falaknuma Express named after The Falaknuma Palace, Hyderabad.
65 A superfast daily express train of West Central Railway that runs between Jabalpur Junction and Hazrat Nizamuddin. X is a region of India named after the Y people who live there (though they can also be found in other parts of India), the name of the ancient continent of Z was derived from X because some of the earliest rock formations of this continent were first investigated in part of the region, in modern Orissa. The core X region can be considered to be the eastern part of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, the parts of Madhya Pradesh immediately to the north of it, and parts of the west of Chhattisgarh. The wider region extends beyond these, also including parts of northern Andhra Pradesh, western Orissa and Uttar Pradesh. The region is part of the northern Deccan plateau, with an average height of about 600–700 m. Much of it is rugged and hilly. Geologically it is mostly Pre-Cambrian rock, with some areas dated to Permian and Triassic periods. Part of it is overlaid with alluvium, and in the west it is overlaid with the igneous rocks of the Deccan Traps. (see pics) T7
69 Gondwana Express X - Gondwana Y - Gondi / Gonds Z - Gondwanaland Map shows Gondwanaland. In paleogeography, Gondwana originally Gondwanaland, was the southernmost of two supercontinents (the other being Laurasia) that later became parts of the Pangaea supercontinent. It existed from approximately 510 to 180 million years ago.
70 X is a daily night express train connecting Mangalore central to Trivandrum Central that runs via the coastal railway route of Alleppey. This train is named after one of the names of the ruler of Kerala from mythology who was the grandson of Prahlada. Folk song about X says "X nadu vaneedum kalam, manushyarellarum onnu pole" which means "All people were equal when X ruled. (see pic) T8
73 The Maveli Express Mahabali also known as Bali or Māveli Story goes that Kerala was the capital of the Asura king,Bali who was very religious and respectful to priests and performed Vedic Aswamedha ritual to enlarge his kingdom. Like his grandfather,he was one of the greatest devotees of Lord Vishnu on Earth and he sacrificed his kingdom for the Lord. Bali was greatly respected in his kingdom and was considered to be wise, judicious and extremely generous. Bali was banished to the underworld but due to his selfless devotion and unwavering dharma he was granted permission to visit his subjects once every year - during Onam.
74 X is a daily train which plies between the cities of Y and Mumbai. X is located roughly 30 kilometres southwest of the city of Y, situated on a hill rising 800 metres above the surrounding countryside. Previously called Kondhana, X has been the site of many important battles, most notably the battle of X in 1670. It was also strategically located at the center of a string of other forts such as Rajgad, Purandar and Torna. X is also part of training at NDA.Cadets from the academy are regularly sent on a hikes and runs from NDA to X in full battle gear to build endurance and stamina. X is a very popular tourist destination today and is frequented by residents of Y. (see pics) T9
77 Sinhagad (X) Express is named after the fort of Sinhagad (Lion's Fort) located in Pune (Y). One of the most famous battles for Sinhagad was fought to recapture the fort by Tanaji Malusare, a general of Shivaji in 1670. A steep cliff leading to the fort was scaled with the help of a monitor lizard named yashwanti, colloquially known as a ghorpad. There ensued a fierce battles between Tanaji and his men, and the mughal army that had the fort at the time. Tanaji lost his life, but his brother Suryaji took over and captured Kondana.
78 X Express is a superfast weekly train between Coimbatore Junction and H.Nizamuddin. The train was so named after the region X because it connects the cities like Coimbatore,Tiruppur and Erode - which are traditionally known as X region. After the X region, this train passes through Bangalore, Secunderabad, Nagpur, Bhopal, Agra, with a total of 27 intermediate stations,covering the total distance of 2716 km. in approximately 47 hours. X is a region comprising the western part of Tamil Nadu, bounded on the west and north-west by Karnataka state, on the west by the Kerala state, on the east by Tondai Nadu, on the south-east by Chola Nadu and on the south by Madurai regions of Tamilakam. The name X is believed to have been gained from ______ a derivant of the term "Ganga", meaning 'land of the Gangas. Kangayam is the old capital of X. (Sanskrit: Ganga+eyam = Gangeyam : seat of the Western Ganga Dynasty.) X means 'border' in Sangam Tamil but a more appropriate meaning is honey or nectar of flowers as the X country had vast stretches of forests. (see map) T10
82 X is a daily superfast train which runs between Bhopal Junction and Durg town in Chhattisgarh. It is named after the city X,which is an originating spot of the largest river in Central India viz. Narmada. X (literally "The one with the voice of God") is a pilgrim town and a nagar panchayat in Anuppur District in MP state. Also called "Teerthraj" (the king of pilgrimages), the X region is a unique natural heritage area and is the meeting point of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, with the Maikal Hills being the fulcrum. X plateau is where the Narmada River, the Sone River,Johila,Mahanadi and the Amadoh River emerge. X is a Sanskrit word the literal meaning of which may also be interpreted as "immortal obstruction". The place was the abode of Gods but was disturbed by the hindrances of Rudraganas. The poet Kalidas has mentioned it as Amrakoot. Legend states that the dense forests of this region were full of mango (amra) trees. So Kalidas named it as Amrakoot, which later became X. T11
84 Amarkantak Express When Lord Shiva destroyed Tripura (The three cities) by fire, the ashes of one fell upon mount Kailash, the ashes of another fell upon Amarkantak, and the ashes of the third were saved by Lord Shiva and kept in heaven. The ashes that fell upon Amarkantak turned into crores of Shivalingas. Only one is visible at Jwaleshwar in Amarkantak. Amarkantak is a place of worship for all - Gods and Gandharvas, Asuras,Saints and Sages have all achieved great spiritual powers here. It is believed that who ever dies at Amarkantak is assured of a place in heaven.
85 ______ Express trains provide quick connectivity from a particular state to New Delhi. Announced in the Interim Budget (Railways) of 2004- 2005 by the then Minister of Railways,Nitish Kumar, the special features of these trains are: Non-stop run beyond the state, Dedicated staff throughout the run, Public address system, and 15% lower tariff than the Rajdhani Express to the areas served. The non stop runs beyond the state served did not last for too long, as due to poor patronage it was decided to give commercial stops to these trains outside their respective states. T12
87 Sampark Kranti It was modelled on the Delhi-Patna Sampoorna Kranti Express, which was a success. The Kerala Sampark Kranti Exp. was extended beyond New Delhi to Chandigarh.
88 X train runs between: Vijayawada - Hubli and Howrah - Vasco Da Gama The train is named after the historical Capital city of Satavahana Dynasty,the first great Andhra kings who ruled from the 2nd century BCE to the 3rd century CE, after the downfall of the Maurya empire. X is also known as Sanchi of South India. The Skanda Purana gives a picture of the place and the Siva temple located here. X also known as Dhanyakataka/Dharanikota was the site of a great Buddhist Stupa originally built during the reign of emperor Ashoka. It was completed in 200 CE and is decorated with carved panels which tell the story of Buddha's life. Today X is a small town situated on the banks of the River Krishna in Guntur District of AP. It is famous for its Amareswara temple dedicated to Lord Shiva that has a lot of inscriptions which give information about the kings who ruled over the area. (see pics) T13
91 Amaravati Express The stupa is related to the Vajrayana teachings of Kalachakra, still practiced today in Tibetan Buddhism. The Dalai Lama conducted a Kalachakra initiation at this location in 2006. Art historians regard the Amaravati art as one of the three major styles or schools of ancient Indian art, the other two being the Gandhara style and the Mathura style.
92 Utterly-Butterly Delicious AMUL ads Rules: Infinite Bounce The Qns on the ads are easy and carry 5 pts and no negatives There is a tougher follow up Bonus Q related to the ad that carries +10/-5 on a written format. Teams can choose to answer or skip the Bonus Q.
96 In the final of the 2011 World Cup between India and Sri Lanka at Wankhede Stadium Bombay,the toss had to be redone – a virtually unheard of event, especially on a stage as big as the World Cup final. Why ?
98 Due to the loud crowd noise, match referee Jeff Crowe could not hear the Sri Lankan captain Kumar Sangakkara's call as the coin was tossed by the Indian captain MS Dhoni. The next time, the call was heads and Sangakkara won the toss and decided to bat first.
103 Born 1928 in a Jat Sikh family of Punjabi background,he was a wrestler before he started acting in Hindi films in 1962. One of his notable finds was the actress Mumtaz with whom he performed in 16 Hindi films. He then went on to TV in the 1980s and 90s where he played the role of Hanuman in the TV adaptation of the Ramayan. Having acted in over 100 films,his latest movie is Jab We Met and his latest Punjabi movie is Dil Apna Punjabi. He also acted in National Award winner film Main Maa Punjab Dee. He retired from active wrestling in 1983.In 1996 he was inducted into the Wrestling Observer Newsletter Hall of Fame.He also earned the wrestling titles Rustam-E-Punjab and Rustam-E-Hind. He was nominated member of Rajya Sabha by BJP from 2003–2009. Who ?
108 Celebrating LOC Kargil - the 2003 Bollywood film based on the Kargil War, directed and written by J. P. Dutta. The film stars a large number of Bollywood stars and is an attempt to dramatize a synopsis of the 1999 Kargil War (Operation Vijay). The film was shot at 14,000 feet above sea level with only 60% oxygen available all at the real location in Jammu & Kashmir. Anu Malik composed a 13-minute song, "Main Kahin Bhi Rahoon", for this movie. One of the longest Indian movies made, it lasted for four hours.
110 Director J. P. Dutta directed a 1997 Bollywood war film Border based on a real Battle during the Indo-Pak War of 1971. This battle was one of the first major engagements in the Western Sector during the 1971 war fought at the Indian border post of ______, in the Thar Desert. The Indian 30th Infantry commanded by Brig E.N. Ramadoss company (reinforced) was left with the choices of either attempting to hold out until reinforced, or fleeing on foot from a mechanised infantry Pakistani force, choosing the former. The company officer commanding ensured that all his assets were correctly employed, and made the most use of his strong defensive position, and weaknesses created by errors in enemy tactics. Which battle ?
112 Battle of Longewala The battle is a part of army folklore - 100 odd soldiers and their steely resolve, which forced an entire Pakistani brigade, backed by an armoured regiment of 45 tanks, to retreat. The battle is held out as a shining example to students graduating from the military academies. The sheer valour displayed by Major Kuldeep Singh Chandpuri and his alpha team is just an unmatched feat.
117 During the Bryan Adams Concert India Tour in February 2011,X and Y did the opening audience warm-up acts in Bombay. X is an Indian Contemporary Dance choreographer and is the first Indian to bring Contemporary Jazz and western forms of dances to thousands in India through his school SDIPA. He was also the Director of Choreography for the Commonwealth Games Melbourne, and Delhi in 2011.He recently choreographed for the movie Mission Impossible 4 with Tom Cruise. He won the 1998 National Film Award for Best Choreography for his work in the film Dil to Pagal Hai.In July 2011, He received honorary doctorate from Middlesex University in recognition of his contribution to entertainment in India and abroad. Y (born Taran Kaur Dhillon,1979), is an Indian rapper and hip hop singer, as well as playback singer in Hindi films; apparently the first female Indian rapper. She first shot to fame with the song Ek Glassy. She broke to Bollywood fame in 2007, rapping for Sriram Raghavan's movie Johnny Gaddaar,'s song Paisa Phek (Move Your Body). Since then she has sung numerous songs in movies like Ugly Aur Pagli (Talli'), Singh Is Kinng, Kismat Konnection, Bachna Ae Haseeno, Ram Gopal Varma Ki Aag, Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani, and Prince (2010). She also performed at Live Earth India, 2008. Her first solo album 'Supawoman' was released in 2007. In 2008 she was nominated for two awards at the UK Asian Music Awards, "Best Urban Act" and "Best Female Act" winning "Best Female Act". X and Y?
123 Anil Kapoor starring in season 8 (Aug 2010) of the hit TV series 24 on AXN in a pivotal role alongside with lead Kiefer Sutherland. Originally produced for the Fox Network and syndicated worldwide, Kiefer Sutherland acts as Counter Terrorist Unit (CTU) agent Jack Bauer. Each 24-episode season covers 24 hours in the life of Bauer, using the real time method of narration.
125 Anil Kapoor made his Bollywood debut with Hamare Tumhare (1979) in a supporting role. He later tried acting in Tollywood and Sandalwood, and appeared in X's directorial debut Kannada film Y released in 1983. The movie starred Anil Kapoor in his first leading role and deals with an unconventional plot of a male in love with an older female played by the popular actress Lakshmi. Another South Indian director, Balu Mahendra, was the cinematographer for this movie. The soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja. The songs of this movie turned out to be chartbusters and the song Naguva Nayana formed the basis song for Idea Mobile's theme music. X and Y ?
133 In the movie,Taare Zameen Par, towards the end of the school year,Nikumbh (Amir Khan) organises an art fair for the staff and students that is judged by artist X who portrays herself in the film. This was X's debut acting appearance (albeit cameo). X (born 1932) is a well-known Indian painter and sister of Hindi film director, producer, and actor, the late Guru Dutt. Her paintings are highly acclaimed. Her daughter, Y is also a well-known Hindi film director,producer and script writer (mostly in parallel cinema and often woman-oriented films) Y had been a longtime manager with Dr. Bhupen Hazarika. Y debuted as an assistant director under the veteran film director Shyam Benegal and later went on to work as an assistant costume designer in Shyam Benegal's Bhumika. She made her directorial début with the documentary film D.G. Movie Pioneer in 1978. She debuted as a feature film director in 1986 with Ek Pal, starring Shabana Azmi and Naseeruddin Shah. X and Y ?
138 Celebrating Black - the 2005 Hindi film directed by Sanjay Leela Bhansali. The film revolves around a blind and deaf girl, and her relationship with her teacher who himself later develops Alzheimer's disease.
140 Director Sanjay Leela Bhansali first came up with the idea for Black in 1995 while filming Khamoshi: The Musical. He was inspired by X's autobiography The Story of My Life and visited the X Institute to do research. He also read the autobiography of deaf-mute pianist Geraldine Lawhorn for ideas. Much of the film was based on his observations between students, teachers and parents at the Institute. X ?
143 X - Helen Keller The film is a creative adaptation of the 1962 Hollywood film The Miracle Worker starring Anne Bancroft and Patty Duke directed by Arthur Penn. Miracle Worker was further adapted from the 1959 play of the same title which in turn was an inspiration from Helen Keller's life and struggle.
148 In 1988,Tendulkar was involved in an unbroken 664-run partnership with friend and team mate Vinod Kambli in a school match against St. Xavier's School while playing for his school Shardashram Vidyamandir. The destructive pair reduced one bowler to tears and made the rest of the opposition unwilling to continue the game. Tendulkar scored 326* in his innings and Kambli contributed 349* before their coach Acharekar forced the pair to declare In 2011,his son Arjun Tendulkar emulated Sachin's feat by giving a match-winning performance for his school in the same tournament at Mumbai. Which is this premier U-16 school tournament held each year in Mumbai ?
155 X urged his readers to boycott the games and not to watch them on TV, thereby using the "golden chance" to "put the corrupt and insensitive government to shame." Time magazine has named X as one of the 100 Most Influential People in the World. X also favoured the forming of a system similar to the Lokpal as early as January 2011 through his articles. X writes op-ed columns for English and Hindi newspapers, including The Guardian, The Times of India and Dainik Bhaskar, focusing on youth, career and issues based on national development. X is also a motivational speaker and has given talks in leading multinational corporations and other institutions. He quit his international investment banking career in 2009, to devote his entire time to writing. Who ?
158 Chetan Bhagat author, columnist, and speaker and a graduate of IIT Delhi and IIM Ahmedabad. Bhagat is the author of five bestselling novels, Five Point Someone (2004), One Night @ the Call Center (2005), The 3 Mistakes of My Life (2008), 2 States (2009) & Revolution 2020: Love, Corruption, Ambition (2011). The film 3 Idiots was based upon his book Five Point Someone – What not to do at IIT!
163 Paa,directed by R. Balakrishnan starring Amitabh Bachchan, Abhishek Bachchan, and Vidya Balan is based on a rare genetic condition wherein symptoms resembling aspects of aging are manifested at an early age. The name of the disease comes from the Greek words meaning "before" and "old age". The disorder has very low incidences and occurs in an estimated 1 per 8 million live births. Those born with this disorder typically live to their mid teens and early twenties.It is a genetic condition that occurs as a new mutation (de novo), and is rarely inherited. Which disease ?
165 Progeria Although the term progeria applies strictly speaking to all diseases characterized by premature aging symptoms, and is often used as such, it is often applied specifically in reference to Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria syndrome(HGPS). Progeria was first described in 1886 by Jonathan Hutchinson. It was also described independently in 1897 by Hastings Gilford. The condition was later named Hutchinson- Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS).
170 One month after the 9/11 attacks,when this head-of-state was visiting India,his chief spin doctor Alastair Campbell revealed that the Indian intelligence had clumsily bugged X's hotel room in Delhi. In 2003,Campbell said in his newly-published diaries that X and his entourage found the bugs but decided not to make a fuss. "At the hotel, our security service guys had found two bugs in X's bedroom and said they wouldn't be able to move them without drilling the wall, so X used a different room. Campbell also claims in the diaries titled 'The X Years : The Alastair Campbell Diaries ' that he too was probably spied upon by Indian intelligence, via the services of a "valet" named Sunil. Who was this head of state (X) ?
174 The town of Rachel,USA sits on less than half a mile of land on the south side of the Highway 375 (State Route 375). The highway stretches 98 miles from State Route 318 at Crystal Springs northwest to U.S. Route 6 (US 6) at Warm Springs. In 1996,its name was officially changed to what? On the day of its renaming studio execs and stars from which Hollywood movie were present at the site and why? Q
178 The Extraterrestrial Highway It is a state highway in south-central Nevada.The route travels through mostly unoccupied desert terrain, with much of its alignment paralleling the northern edges of the Nellis Air Force Range. The top-secret Area 51 government base is near SR 375 and many travelers have reported UFO observations and other strange alien activity along this road. The small town of Rachel, caters to tourists and UFO seekers with alien-themed businesses. News of the highway's renaming reached Twentieth Century Fox. The studio used the opportunity to promote the release of its upcoming film Independence Day, whose plot involves an alien invasion of Earth and the secret facility at Area 51. A public dedication ceremony for the Extraterrestrial Highway was held in Rachel on April 18, 1996. Nevada Governor Bob Miller presided over the ceremony, speaking with humorous space references and unveiling special "Extraterrestrial Highway 375" and "Speed Limit Warp 7" signs for the highway.
179 Id X ? X is significant to the plot of J. K. Rowling's first Harry Potter book, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (1997). In the novel X and his wife are still alive in the early 1990s (when the stories are based), having gained immortality from the eponymous Philosopher's Stone. X and his wife Perenelle are important characters mentioned in the Indiana Jones story Indiana Jones and the Philosopher's Stone (1995) by Max McCoy. X is mentioned as Claude Frollo's scientific inspiration in Victor Hugo's novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831). Frollo seems to be obsessed with Xs work with the Philosopher's Stone. X has been alleged to be the eighth Grand Master of the Priory of Sion (1398–1418) as part of a 1960s intrigue where his name was planted in the French National Library in the Dossiers Secrets. This resulted in him being mentioned in the 1982 pseudohistory book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, Umberto Eco's 1988 novel Foucault's Pendulum, and Dan Brown's 2003 novel, The Da Vinci Code. Many of the names of "Grand Masters" were evidently chosen for some sort of connection with alchemy. X is mentioned throughout Fullmetal Alchemist (manga 2001, television 2003 and 2009) as the author of alchemic books and the originator of the Philosopher's Stone legend. The X Cross and the Philosopher's Stone are also seen in the series,which is based on transmutations and the finding of the Philosopher's Stone. The concept album Grand Materia (2005) by the Swedish metal band Morgana Lefay is about X his life, and how he made the Philosopher's Stone. X and his wife are central characters in Michael Scott's series of six fantasy novels, The Secrets of the Immortal X started in 2007. (see pic)
182 Nicolas Flamel (1330 - 1418) was a successful French scrivener and manuscript-seller who developed a posthumous reputation as an alchemist due to his reputed work on the philosopher's stone. The essence of his reputation are claims that he succeeded at the two magical goals of alchemy: that he made the Philosopher's Stone, which turns common metals into gold and ordinary stones into precious gems, and that he and his wife Perenelle achieved immortality through the "Elixir of Life".
183 Born 1944,X is an American astronomer and the current director of the Center for SETI Research, holding the Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI at the SETI Institute. X received his/her undergraduate education at Cornell University, where X earned a Bachelor of Engineering Physics Degree, and a Master's degree and Ph.D. in astronomy from the UC Berkeley. X has worked on a number of major scientific projects, most relating to the search for extraterrestrial life. As a graduate student, X worked on the radio-search project SERENDIP ("Search for Extraterrestrial Radio Emissions from Nearby Developed Intelligent Populations),a term X coined as a backronym. X was project scientist for NASA's High Resolution Microwave Survey (HRMS) in 1992 and 1993 and subsequently director of Project Phoenix (HRMS reconfigured) under the auspices of the SETI Institute. X was co-creator with Margaret Turnbull of the HabCat in 2002, a principal component of Project Phoenix. X has published dozens of technical papers and lectures extensively both on the search for extraterrestrial intelligence and the need for proper science education. X is credited with coining the term "brown dwarf" for the classification of stars with insufficient mass to sustain hydrogen fusion. How has X been immortalised in Science fiction ? (see pic)
187 She is Jill Cornell Tarter Tarter's astronomical work is illustrated in Carl Sagan's novel Contact. In the film version of Contact, the protagonist Ellie Arroway is played by Jodie Foster who was largely based on Tarter's work.
188 CTA 102 is a ______ discovered in the early 1960s by a radio survey carried out by CALTECH. It has been observed by a large range of instruments since its discovery, including WMAP, EGRET, GALEX, VSOP and Parkes,and has been regularly imaged by the Very Long Baseline Array since 1995. It has also been detected in gamma rays, and a gamma-ray flare has been detected from it. In 1963 Nikolai Kardashev proposed that it could be evidence of a Type II or III extraterrestrial civilization on the Kardashev scale. Follow-up observations were announced in 1965 by Gennady Sholomitskii, who found that the object's radio emission was varying; a public announcement of these results caused a worldwide sensation. What was the source ?
190 A Quasar (quasi-stellar radio source) C.T.A. 102 is one of the two great false alarms in the history of SETI, the other being the discovery of pulsars, specifically PSR B1919+21, which are rotating neutron stars. The idea that the emission was caused by a civilization was rejected when the radio source was later identified one of the many varieties of a quasar. The view of C.T.A. 102 as a sign of extra terrestrial intelligence was captured in the Byrds' 1967 song, C.T.A. 102
191 The accident at the Three Mile Island Nuclear plant in Pennsylvania in 1979 occurred 12 days after the release of the movie X. The movie featured Jane Fonda as a news anchor at a California television station. In the film, a major nuclear plant crisis takes place while Fonda's character and her cameraman (Michael Douglas) are at the plant producing a series on nuclear power. She proceeds to raise awareness of how unsafe the plant is. Coincidentally, there is a scene in which Fonda's character speaks with a nuclear safety expert, who says that a meltdown could render an area "the size of Pennsylvania permanently uninhabitable." Also, the fictional near-accident in the movie stems from plant operators overestimating the amount of water within the core, exactly what happened in the Three Mile Island disaster. After the release of the film, Fonda began lobbying against nuclear power. Which ominous film was this ? What misconception does the film title refer to?
194 The term China syndrome (loss-of-coolant accident) describes a fictional nuclear reactor operations accident characterized by the severe meltdown of the core components of the reactor, which then burn through the containment vessel and the housing building, then notionally through the crust and body of the Earth until reaching the other side, which in the US is popularly believed to be China. The misperception is that China is the antipode of the US. Moreover, the hypothetical transit of a meltdown product to the other side of the Earth ignores the fact that the Earth's gravity tends to pull all masses towards its center. Assuming a meltdown product could persist in a mobile molten form for long enough to reach the center of the Earth; gravity would prevent it continuing to the other side.
195 Rhino horns are made of X,the same type of protein that makes up hair and fingernails. The only other biological matter known to approximate the toughness of X tissue is Y. Y is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods such as crustaceans (e.g., crabs, lobsters and shrimps) and insects, the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks of cephalopods, including squid and octopuses. X and Y ?
197 X - Keratin Y - Chitin Keratin refers to a family of fibrous structural proteins. Keratin is the key of structural material making up the outer layer of human skin. It is also the key structural component of hair and nails. Keratin monomers assemble into bundles to form intermediate filaments, which are tough and insoluble and form strong unmineralized tissues found in reptiles, birds, amphibians, and mammals. Chitin is a long-chain polymer of a N-acetylglucosamine, a derivative of glucose, and is found in many places throughout the natural world.
198 Basic XY is composed of a variety of fine soot known as lampblack, combined with water to form a liquid. A binding agent such as gelatin or, more commonly, shellac may also be added, to make the Y more durable once dried. XY is occasionally sold in solid form (most commonly, a stick), which must be moistened before use. The process of making XY was known in China as far back as the 3rd millennium BC, although the source of materials to make the carbon pigment in XY was later often traded from country X. In country X,the carbon black was obtained indigenously by burning bones, tar, pitch and other substances. In pathology laboratories, it is applied to surgically removed tissue specimens to maintain orientation and indicate tumor resection margins. Microbiologists use it to stain a slide containing micro-organisms. The background is stained while the organisms remain clear. This type of staining is called a negative stain. It is used diluted as an ultra fine polishing medium for making precise optical surfaces on metals. In ophthalmology, it was and still is used to some extent in corneal tattooing. Once dry, its conductive properties make it useful for electrical connections to difficult substrates, such as glass. What ? Or what is its most common use ?
201 India ink is a simple black ink once widely used for writing and printing and now more commonly used for drawing, especially when inking comic books and comic strips. India ink has been in use in India since at least the 4th century BC, where it was called masi, an admixture of several substances. Indian documents written in Kharosthi with this ink have been unearthed in as far as Xinjiang, China. The practice of writing with ink and a sharp-pointed needle was common practice since antiquity in South India. Several ancient Buddhist and Jain scripts in India were also compiled in ink.
202 Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound that is toxic, and ingestion can result in death. In its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy, sweet-tasting liquid. It is used as raw material in the production of polyester fibers, mainly PET, which accounts for 40% of its total consumption. Minor uses of ethylene glycol include : the manufacture of capacitors, as an additive to prevent corrosion in liquid cooling systems for personal computers, in the manufacture of some vaccines, as a minor (1–2%) ingredient in shoe polish and also in some inks and dyes, as a rot and fungal treatment for wood, both as a preventative and a treatment, as a minor ingredient in screen cleaning solutions, along with the main ingredient isopropyl alcohol, as a preservative for biological specimens, especially in secondary schools during dissection as a safer alternative to formaldehyde. But what is the major end use of ethylene glycol which accounts for over 50% of its commercial use ?
205 As an antifreeze ! Pure ethylene glycol has a specific heat capacity about one half that of water. So, while providing freeze protection and an increased boiling point, ethylene glycol lowers the specific heat capacity of water mixtures relative to pure water. The major use of ethylene glycol is as a medium for convective heat transfer in, for example, automobiles and liquid cooled computers. Ethylene glycol is also commonly used in chilled water air conditioning systems that place either the chiller or air handlers outside, or systems that must cool below the freezing temperature of water.
206 It consisted of 1679 binary digits, approximately 210 bytes, transmitted at a frequency of 2380 MHz and modulated by shifting the frequency by 10 Hz, with a power of 1000 kW. The "ones" and "zeros" were transmitted by frequency shifting at the rate of 10 bits per second. The total broadcast was less than three minutes. The cardinality of 1679 was chosen because it is a semiprime (the product of two prime numbers), to be arranged rectangularly as 73 rows by 23 columns. The alternative arrangement, 23 rows by 73 columns, produces jumbled nonsense. It forms the image shown or its inverse, when translated into graphics characters and spaces. Dr. Frank Drake, then at Cornell University and creator of the famous Drake equation, wrote it, with help from Carl Sagan, among others. It consists of seven parts that encode the following (from the top down): 1.The numbers one (1) through ten (10) 2.The atomic numbers of the elements hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus, which make up deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) 3.The formulas for the sugars and bases in the nucleotides of DNA 4.The number of nucleotides in DNA, and a graphic of the double helix structure of DNA 5.A graphic figure of a human, the dimension (physical height) of an average man, and the human population of Earth 6.A graphic of the Solar System 7.A graphic of the _____ and the dimension (the physical diameter) of the transmitting antenna dish What ? (see pic)
209 The Arecibo message broadcast into space a single time via frequency modulated radio waves at a ceremony to mark the remodeling of the Arecibo radio telescope on 16 November 1974. It was aimed at the globular star cluster M13 some 25,000 light years away because M13 was a large and close collection of stars that was available in the sky at the time and place of the ceremony. Blank = Arecibo radio telescope
210 In the 1600s, when the Spice Wars were shaking out between the Portugese and the Dutch and later the Dutch and the English, one of the most sought after spices on the wish list was nutmeg. What was the main reason for the spurt in its demand ? Q
217 Belemnitida (commonly referred to as belemnites)
218 a genus of sauropod dinosaur whose fossils were first discovered in 1877. Name is a Neo-Latin term derived from Greek meaning "double" "beam",in reference to its double-beamed chevron bones located in the underside of the tail.
221 X is the name given to fossils discovered in 1891 at Trinil - Ngawi Regency on the banks of the Solo River in East Java, Indonesia, one of the first known specimens of Homo erectus. Its discoverer, Eugène Dubois, gave it the scientific name Y,derived from Greek and Latin roots meaning upright ape-man. Y is the connect to the SVC.