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Presentation on theme: "Oregon Health Licensing Agency Board of Cosmetology Natural Hair Care Training Module Navigation Tip! Use the toggle button to expand the viewable area."— Presentation transcript:

1 Oregon Health Licensing Agency Board of Cosmetology Natural Hair Care Training Module Navigation Tip! Use the toggle button to expand the viewable area. 1

2 Table of Contents Natural Hair Care3Hair Growth20-23 Training Module4Hair Characteristics24-34 Procedures5Diseases and Disorders35-64 Prohibitions6Styles and Techniques65-86 Hair Defined7Tools87-93 Hair Functions8 -9Oregon Laws and Rules94-143 Hair Structure10-19Examination145-146 Completion Certificate147 2

3 Natural Hair Care During the 2013 Legislative Session House Bill 3409 passed, creating Natural Hair Care as a field of practice under the Board of Cosmetology. 3

4 Training Module There is no formal education (school) required to qualify for natural hair care certification. A training module has been provided to help familiarize individuals with the necessary information to practice natural hair care, in addition to the Oregon Revised Statutes and Oregon Administrative Rules governing Natural Hair Care Practitioners. 4

5 Procedures Natural Hair Care includes the following procedures when performed upon human hair, natural fibers or synthetic fibers: Braiding Sewing Cornrowing Twisting Extending Weaving Lacing Wrapping Locking Hair Extensions 5

6 Prohibitions Natural Hair Care does not include penetrating chemical hair treatments such as: Hair Coloring Hair Straightening Hair Joining Permanent Wave Styles Hair Bleaching 6

7 Hair - Defined Natural (human) hair - an appendage of the skin which is a slender threadlike cylinder of impacted protein and keratinized cells that is an outgrowth of the epidermis layer. 7

8 Hair Functions Primary function - to insulate the body from the heat and cold and to protect the head from injury and physical trauma. Secondary function - adornment. 8

9 Hair Structure Human hair is divided into two parts: Hair Root Hair Shaft 9

10 Structure - Hair Root The hair root is located below the surface of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) and composed of five main parts. Follicle Arrector Pili Sebaceous Glands Bulb Papilla 10

11 Structure - Follicle The follicle encompasses the hair root and determines texture and curl formation. 11

12 Structure - Arrector Pili The arrector pili is an involuntary muscle attached to the underside of the follicle. The muscle is sensitive to fear or cold which causes it to contract. 12

13 Structure - Sebaceous Gland The sebaceous gland provides the follicle with natural oils or sebum which adds luster and pliability to the hair and scalp. 13

14 Structure - Hair Bulb The hair bulb is located at the very bottom of the hair root which fits over and covers the papilla. 14

15 Structure - Papilla The papilla is a small root area at the base of the hair that is filled with an ample supply of rich blood and nerves and nourishes the hair and stimulates growth and regeneration. 15

16 Structure - Hair Shaft The hair shaft, also known as the stem of the hair, consists of three main layers which project above the epidermis. Cuticle Cortex Medulla 16

17 Hair Shaft - Cuticle The cuticle is the outer-most layer of the hair shaft which consists of flattened keratin cells and amino acids that protects and seals the inner structure of the hair and creates shiny, smooth, silky feeling. 17

18 Hair Shaft - Cortex The cortex is the middle layer of the hair shaft which is the thickest part of the shaft and is filled with melanin, keratin, protein cells, and microfibrils that gives hair its color, length, strength, resilience, and moisture content. 18

19 Hair Shaft - Medulla The medulla is the innermost core of the shaft which consists of sponge-like baggy cells that are found in thick, course hair and can be non- existent in very thin, light-colored hair. 19

20 Hair Growth There are three distinct cycles to normal hair growth: Anagen Catagen Telogen 20

21 Hair Growth - Anagen Anagen is the active growing phase when the bulb is moving up through the follicle and new hair is being produced. This phase can last up to seven years. 21

22 Hair Growth - Catagen Catogen is the transition or resting phase after years of growing when the hair cells stop reproducing and the hair begins to lose moisture and separates from the papilla. This phase can last up to two weeks. 22

23 Hair Growth - Telogen Telogen is the shedding or resting phase when the bulb is totally separate from the root and new hair cells divide and multiply creating a new hair shaft. This phase can last up to four months. 23

24 Hair Characteristics There are two general characteristics of hair differences. Type Texture 24

25 Hair Characteristics - Type Hair types are basic forms and general characteristics of hair fiber which are classified into four variations. Straight - round Wavy - oval to round Curly - almost flat Kinky or Coiled - flat and spiraled 25

26 Hair Characteristics - Texture Hair texture is the measurement and curl configuration of a hair fiber resulting from three characteristics. Diameter Porosity Elasticity 26

27 Hair Characteristics - Diameter Diameter refers to the size of the individual strands of hair and degree of coarseness or fineness. Course hair - largest in diameter Fine hair - smallest in diameter 27

28 Hair Characteristics - Porosity Porosity is the hairs ability to absorb moisture through the cuticle into the cortex. The degree of porosity is directly related to the condition of the cuticle. Low porosity - referred to as Hydrophobic. High porosity - referred to as Hydrophilic. 28

29 Hair Characteristics - Elasticity Elasticity is the hairs ability to stretch and return to its original size and shape without breaking. Normal elasticity - springy and lustrous Dry hair - stretches only 1/5 th its length Wet hair - stretches up to 50% of its length 29

30 Hair Characteristics - Regions There are four bone structures on the cranium which results in the variation of hair texture. Occipital Parietal Frontal Temporal 30

31 Hair Characteristics - Occipital Region Occipital is the bone that forms the back of the cranium indenting above the nape. Hair in the occipital region is tighter in its coil configuration in addition to being dryer, more brittle and easier to break. 31

32 Hair Characteristics - Parietal Region Parietal is the two bones that form the sides and top of the cranium. Hair in the parietal region has a great variety of diverse textures. 32

33 Hair Characteristics - Frontal Region Frontal is the bone that forms the forehead. Hair in the parietal region has a great variety of diverse textures. 33

34 Hair Characteristics - Temporal Region Temporal is the two bones located on either side of the head directly above the ears. Hair in the temporal region displays a soft or fine coil, is less brittle, and the spiral pattern may vary from a very tight to loose or medium to large corkscrew pattern. 34

35 Diseases and Disorders Diseases and disorders may either be infectious, an allergic reaction to chemicals or an autoimmune response. Each disease or disorder has its own specific symptoms or conditions. Practitioners should look for any type of abnormalities of the scalp prior to providing services and advise the client to seek medical attention if necessary. 35

36 Diseases and Disorders Diseases and disorders can be accelerated by internal or external trauma such as physical stress or hormonal or chemical imbalances. Hair may be diminished by the weakened condition or traumatized state of the scalp resulting from a disease or disorder. 36

37 Diseases - Fungus Fungal organisms are characterized by itching, scales and sometimes by painful circular lesions. The following forms of Fungus are contagious and can be easily transmitted from one person to another by the infected skin scales or hairs that contain the fungi which spread the disease. Tinea Capitis Tinea Favosa 37

38 Diseases - Fungus Tinea Capitis - red papules or spots at the opening of the hair follicle. Patches spread and the hair becomes brittle and lifeless, breaking off leaving a stump, or shed from the enlarged open follicles. 38

39 Diseases - Fungus Tinea Favosa (favus) - Dry, sulfur-yellow, cuplike crusts on the scalp which has a peculiar odor causing bald patches that may be pink or white and shiny. 39

40 Diseases - Parasites Parasites are living organisms that feed, grow and thrive on or in a host organism. 40

41 Diseases - Parasites The following parasites are contagious and can be easily transmitted from one person to another from contact with the infected hair and scalp by hats, combs, brushes and other personal articles. Pediculosis Capitis (head lice) Scabies (itch mite) 41

42 Diseases - Parasites Pediculosis Capitis - head lice which feed on the scalp causing itching and when scratched can cause infection. Scabies - itch mites which burrow under the skin causing inflammation, blisters and pustules and when scratched can cause infection. 42

43 Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria Pathogenic bacteria is a one-celled organism that causes disease and infection when entering the body. 43

44 Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria Straphylococci is a contagious pathogenic bacteria that infects the hair follicle and can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact and unsterilized tools and implements. The two most common types of straphylococci are: Furuncle Carbuncle 44

45 Diseases - Pathogenic Bacteria Furuncle - a pimple or boil perforated by a hair that produces constant pain. Carbuncle - inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue similar to a furuncle but larger. 45

46 Disorders - Dermatitis There are two scalp disorders that manifest similar inflammatory and topical conditions. Seborrheic dermatitis Psoriasis dermatitis 46

47 Disorders - Dermatitis Seborrheic Dermatitis - a skin disorder or form of eczema caused by an inflammation of the sebaceous glands or an inflammatory reaction to some commonly used hair products. The scalp is red, inflamed and itchy with white, creamy, yeast-like film or patches that coat the scalp causing light flaking of dead skin cells resembling wet dandruff. 47

48 Disorders - Dermatitis Psoriasis Dermatitis - an inflammatory condition that results from an autoimmune disease of the skin. The scalp is red and irritated and covered with patches of silver white scales. 48

49 Disorders - Pityriasis Pityriasis, also known as dandruff, is a microscopic fungus that feeds on the scalps natural oils and creates byproducts that cause irritation on the scalp. There are two types of Pityriasis: Pityriasis Capitis Simplex Pityriasis Steroids 49

50 Disorders - Pityriasis Pityriasis Capitis Simplex - classic dandruff The scalp is itchy, dry and flaky resulting in scattered skin cells which are visible flakes on the hair and shoulders. 50

51 Disorder - Pityriasis Pityriasis Steroids - severe dandruff similar to seborrhea dermatitis. The scalp is red and inflamed with large, greasy or waxy scales which are combined with sebum causing white creamy patches to stick to the scalp. When the scales are removed with a comb, bleeding or oozing of sebum may result. 51

52 Disorders - Alopecia Alopecia is an autoimmune disorder that mistakenly attacks the hair follicle during the Anogen or Telogen growth phase, which causes abnormal hair loss, balding or reduced hair density. There are several types of alopecia depending upon the location on the head, how it evolves on the scalp and its underlying causes. 52

53 Disorders - Alopecia Alopecia Totalis - small, round patches of hair loss progressing into total scalp hair loss. Alopecia Universalis - complete loss of body hair. 53

54 Disorders - Alopecia Androgenetic Alopecia - slow decrease in hair density with a reduced hair diameter; In men it is generally located at the parietal front and progresses to a horseshoe-shaped outline at the crown of the head to the occipital area. In women it is generally located at the crown of the head and at the temples. 54

55 Disorders - Alopecia Alopecia Areata - sudden or sometimes unrecognized falling out of hair in patches or spots. These areas are usually lighter in color due to poor blood supply and will usually grow back. 55

56 Disorders - Alopecia Diffuse Alopecia - radical and sudden hair loss of the entire scalp followed by thinning of the hair density which affects both men and women but primarily young females. This hair loss is temporary and the hair will grow back as long as the hair follicle remains active. 56

57 Disorders - Alopecia Postpartum alopecia - temporary hair loss for three to nine months after pregnancy due to sudden changes in hormone levels returning to normal within a year. 57

58 Disorders - Alopecia Traction Alopecia - rapid permanent scarring or balding on the scalp due to continuous pulling of the hair too tightly over a long period of time resulting in the hair being literally pulled out of the follicle, taking out the hair root and bulb and destroying the hair shaft. This hair loss is most apparent in the frontal and temporal regions and can also affect the nape area. 58

59 Disorders - Canities Canities is the term for graying hair which is a loss of natural pigment or melanin in the hair. There are three forms of canities: Congenital Acquired Ringed Hair 59

60 Disorders - Canities Congenital Canities - due to lack of melanin in the hair which exists at or before birth and will occur in albinos and occasionally in people with normal hair. 60

61 Disorders - Canities Acquired Canities - due to the aging process, during the telogen phase the follicle and bulb shrink reducing the process of hair pigmentation or melanin. This may also occur prematurely as a result of genetics, prolonged anxiety, illness or diet. 61

62 Disorders - Canities Ringed Hair (salt and pepper) - a variety of canities characterized by alternating bands of grey and pigmented hair throughout the length of the hair strand. 62

63 Disorders - Trichoptilosis Trichoptilosis are split ends of the hair which start as small cracks in the cuticle that deepen into the cortex. 63

64 Disorders - Tichorrhexis Nodosa Tichorrhexis Nodosa is knotted hair which is a brush-like spreading out of the fibers of the broken-off hair along the hair shaft. It is a dry, brittle condition that includes formation of nodular swelling along the hair shaft and breaks easily. 64

65 Styles and Techniques Natural, protective or transitional styles and techniques used in natural hair care. 65

66 Styles and Techniques Some styles take many hours to complete. More complex styles are not disposable to be casually brushed out, and with proper care can last up to three months. Some styles create a small amount of tension on the hair and if properly started there should be no pain, discomfort or irritation to the scalp. 66

67 Styles and Techniques If the following occurs to the natural hair, permanent damage may be caused: Improper tension Excessive amount of hair extensions Braid styles worn too long 67

68 Styles and Techniques - Weaves Weave - a style achieved by adding hair, either natural or synthetic, to the existing hair to either protect, add a new dimension or cover balding or thinning spots. 68

69 Styles and Techniques - Extensions Extensions - a style achieved by securing wefts or strands of human hair, synthetic hair or a combination of both to the base of the clients natural hair to add length, volume, texture and color. 69

70 Extensions - Natural Hair Natural Hair - Advantages: natural hair appears more realistic, has a greater durability and tolerance to heat from a blow dryer, curling iron or hot rollers and can be custom colored or permed to suit the client. 70

71 Extensions - Natural Hair Natural Hair - Disadvantages: natural hair reacts to exposure to light by fading, to humidity by either frizzing or losing its curl, and will break or split if mistreated by harsh brushing, backcombing, or excessive use of heat. 71

72 Extensions - Synthetic Hair Synthetic Hair - Advantages: synthetic hair is particularly strong and durable and can simulate natural hair with a lustrous look and feel, is generally less expensive than natural hair and the color is timeless. The style will not change with exposure to humidity. 72

73 Extensions - Synthetic Hair Synthetic Hair - Disadvantages: synthetic hair cannot be exposed to extreme heat. Coloring synthetic fibers is not recommended due to traditional hair colors not being compatible, and some synthetic hair is so shiny it looks unnatural. 73

74 Styles and Techniques - Afros Afro - a style of tight curls on long or short wavy, curly, coiled or highly textured hair. 74

75 Styles and Techniques - Afros Afro-twist extensions - a style achieved when human or synthetic hair fibers are anchored to the natural hair with a braid-and-twist combination. Afro weave - a style achieved by attaching textured hair which is on a weft and sewing it to the designated cornrow with cotton thread. 75

76 Styles and Techniques - Braids Single braid - a style achieved when hair is divided into three equal sections that are intertwined or weaved into one single braid. Casamas braids - a style achieved when single, large extended braids, with a tight stitch, are tapered and/or curved at the ends. 76

77 Styles and Techniques - Braids Cornrow and canerow braids - a style achieved when underhand, three-strand braids are interwoven to lie flat on the scalp and can be designed and sculpted into varying patterns with or without extensions. 77

78 Styles and Techniques - Braids Braid-out - a style achieved when the hair is braided either wet or dry and then opened to create a crimped texture-on-texture effect with added volume. 78

79 Styles and Techniques - Coils Coils or comb twists - a style achieved when small sections of natural hair are spiraled with fingers or a comb to create individual formations of tight, cylindrical coils. 79

80 Styles and Techniques - Coils Nubian Coils - a style achieved when naturally or naturally curly or textured hair is curled into a cylindrical shape with a comb or hands. 80

81 Styles and Techniques - Locs Locs (dreadlocks) - a style achieved when natural textured hair is meshed, intertwined and interlaced to form a solid cylinder and separate network of hair. Nu-locs - a style achieved when yarn fiber is single-braided, giving the extension a matte finish to look like locs. 81

82 Styles and Techniques - Twists Bantu knot - a style achieved when the hair is double-strand twisted or coil twisted and wrapped around itself to make a knot and secured by bobby pins or elastic bands. Bantu knot out - a style achieve by a bantu knot which has been dried and released creating a style with spiral curls. 82

83 Styles and Techniques - Twists Flat twist - a parted row of hair that is first divided into two sections and then twisted and interwoven to lie flat on the scalp. It can be in varying patterns with or without extensions. 83

84 Styles and Techniques - Twists Double-strand twist - a style achieved with wet or dry hair divided into two sections and then overlapped to create a twisted rope effect (dry) or a textured effect (wet). 84

85 Styles and Techniques - Twists Twist set (two part set) - a style achieved when done on natural or transitional hair, twist extensions, weaves, wigs or locs which is a double-twist and then set on rods which can only be placed at the end of the hair or loc. 85

86 Styles and Techniques - Twists Twist curls - a style achieved on textured hair and done by using a double-twist technique on wet hair to define the textured curls and waves. Twist-out - a style achieved by a double-strand twist, on any size and length of wet hair. The dried twists are opened and unraveled to add fullness, volume and a crimped effect. 86

87 Tools The only tools that may be used for a natural hair care service are the hands or simple devices such as: Combs Needles Clips Working Boards Scissors may only be used to trim synthetic fibers or hair extensions as necessary. 87

88 Tools - Combs Finishing comb - is usually 8-10 inches long, works well on fine or straight hair and is used when trimming synthetic fibers, hair extensions or sewn-in weave extensions. Large-tooth /wide-tooth comb - medium to large distance between the tooth range to allow curly hair to move between the rows of teeth with ease. 88

89 Tools - Combs Tail comb - tapering tail or handle used for parting hair for braiding, weaving, sectioning large segments of hair and opening and removal of braids. Double-tooth comb/detangling comb - two rows of teeth used for separating the hair as it combs, to limit tangling and snarling on wet curly hair. 89

90 Tools - Combs Pic Comb - long, widely spaced, rounded teeth, made of metal, plastic, wood or ivory and designed for lifting and separating textured and curly hair, such as Afros and human hair extensions. 90

91 Tools - Clips Long Clips - used to assist in the service to separate large sections of hair. Butterfly Clips - used to assist in the service to separate small and large sections of hair. 91

92 Tools - Curved Needle Curved Needle - the curve directs the point of the needle away from the head used for weaving thread for braids, weave styles and weaves for getting close to the scalp without harming the scalp. 92

93 Tools – Working Boards Hackle Board - Flat board with fine, upright nails used for combing through human hair extensions to detangle or blend colors and highlights. Drawing board - a flat leather pad with very close, fine teeth that sandwiches and secures the human hair to allow the needed proportion to be drawn from the board without disturbing the rest of the hair while braiding. 93

94 Oregon Laws and Rules The following information is taken directly from Oregon Revised Statutes, Chapter 690 and Oregon Administrative Rules, Chapter 817 governing all Cosmetology fields of practice in Oregon. 94

95 Fields of Practice Natural Hair Care - one of five fields of practice governed by the Board of Cosmetology. Barbering Esthetics Hair Design Nail Technology Natural Hair Care 95

96 Practitioner Certificate Practitioner Certificate - a written authorization allowing an individual to perform services in one or more fields of practice. A practitioner certificate is good for two years and becomes inactive on the last day of the month two years from the date of issuance. The certificate is transferrable between work locations. 96

97 Practice Practice - the holder of a natural hair care practitioner certificate may practice in the capacity as a/an: Employee Independent Contractor Freelance Authorization 97

98 Employee Employee - a practitioner may perform services in a licensed facility under the control and direction of a facility license holder. 98

99 Independent Contractor Independent Contractor Registration - a written authorization that allows a practitioner to perform services in a licensed facility, not under the control and direction of a facility license holder. An Independent contractor registration is good for one year and becomes inactive on the last day of the month one year from the date of issuance. The registration is transferrable between work locations. 99

100 Freelance Authorization Freelance authorization - a written authorization that allows a practitioner to perform services outside of or away from a licensed facility. A freelance authorization is good for one year and becomes inactive on the last day of the month one year from the date of issuance. The Oregon Laws and Rules Examination must be passed within two years before the date of application to obtain a freelance authorization. 100

101 Freelance Authorization A freelance authorization holder must provide each client with: The agencys name, address, and phone number to comment on services they have received; and Display the practitioner certificate number and freelance authorization number on all advertising. 101

102 Facility Facility - an establishment operated on a regular or irregular basis for the purpose of providing services in one or more fields of practice. 102

103 Facility License Facility license - a written authorization issued to a natural person to operate a facility for providing services in one or more fields of practice. A facility license is good for one year and becomes inactive on the last day of the month one year from the date of issuance. The license is not transferrable from person to person or from location to location. 103

104 Posting Requirements All practitioner certificates, facility licenses and independent contractor registrations must be posted in public view. Freelance authorization holders must show their authorization upon request. 104

105 Posting Requirements Facility license and independent contractor registration holders must post the most recent inspection certificate in public view on the facility premises and allow access to the inspection certificate upon request by the agencys inspector or representative. 105

106 Definitions Agency - the Oregon Health Licensing Agency. Board - the Board of Cosmetology which determines practice standards, education and training, and provides consultation to the agency on all disciplinary actions. 106

107 Definitions Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - a branch of the federal government, which approves and registers chemical compounds and agents. Disinfect - a process used to destroy harmful organisms, including bacteria, viruses, germs and fungi. 107

108 Definitions Low-level disinfectant - a chemical agent which has demonstrated bactericidal, germicidal, fungicidal, and limited virucidal activity and is registered with EPA. High-level disinfectant - a chemical agent which has demonstrated tuberculocidal activity and is registered with the EPA. 108

109 Definitions Sanitizing container - a receptacle, holding a disinfecting agent, which is large and deep enough to submerge the tool(s) or implements(s) or portion(s) thereof, which are to be disinfected. Article - items which compliment services including but not limited to neck strips, towels or linens and cloth or plastic capes. 109

110 Definitions Tools and implements - portable articles and instruments, which the practitioner can carry to use in the performance of services on clients. Soiled - an article that has been used and has not been cleaned or disinfected before use on the next client. 110

111 Definitions Hazardous - an unplanned, uncontrolled reaction which could present a hazard to practitioners or clients by explosion, fire, release of toxic gases or by-products, or physical or chemical burns. 111

112 Definitions Segregated in storage - potentially hazardous chemicals and materials must be separated to prevent mixing with one another through leakage, spillage or breakage, by an adequate distance or through the use of physical barriers such as partitions or separate shelving arrangements. 112

113 Facility Standards All licensed facilities must comply with all applicable administrative rules and regulations of the board and other state agencies regarding health, safety, and infection control standards. A facility license holder must allow the agencys representative to inspect the facility or conduct an investigation. 113

114 Facility Standards The cleanliness and sanitary conditions of any shared or common area in a licensed facility is the responsibility of each license or registration holder. All facility license and independent contractor registration holders will be cited for violations of the rules or regulations found in the shared or common area of a licensed facility. 114

115 Standards for Facilities Located in Residence A licensed facility located in a residence must comply with all facility standards including having an identifying house number and sign, with the facility name on file with the agency, which is easily visible from the street and indicates the location of the facility. 115

116 Standards for Facilities Located in Residence The living area of the residence must be separated from the licensed facility by solid walls extending from floor to ceiling, with any connecting doors kept closed while the facility is in operation. 116

117 Water Supply Requirements and Standards Licensed facilities must have an adequate supply of both hot and cold running water and wash basins on the facility premises. Practitioners must have immediate access to a supply of hot and cold running water. Washing accommodations must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. 117

118 Water Supply Requirements and Standards All licensed facilities must have hand soap or similar cleansing agents available. Individual towels of cloth or paper must be available. Air blowers for drying the hands may be substituted for towels. Use of bar soap or a common towel is prohibited. 118

119 Floor Surface Floor surfaces in the working area of a licensed facility must be of a cleanable, non-absorbent material and must be kept clean, orderly, and in good repair. 119

120 Walls and Ceilings Walls and ceilings in a licensed facility must be clean and free of excessive spots, mildew, condensation, or peeling paint. 120

121 Pets in Facilities Pets or other animals must not be permitted in a licensed facility at any time. This prohibition does not apply to trained guide dogs for the disabled, sightless, or hearing impaired or to fish in aquariums. 121

122 Towels or Linens Clean towels or linens must be used for each client and must be stored in a clean area. All soiled towels or linens must be stored in a closable container after each use. 122

123 Towels or Linens Used towels must be laundered either by regular commercial laundering or by a non-commercial laundering process, which includes use of commercial laundry detergent manufactured for the purpose of cleaning clothes, linens or other washable fabric, and immersion in hot water during the hot water wash/rinse operation. 123

124 Articles in Contact with a Client To prevent direct contact between a common use hair cloth or cape and the clients skin, there must be a neck strip or towel placed around the clients neck. 124

125 Articles in Contact with a Client All items that come in direct contact with the clients skin, that do not require disinfecting, must be clean. If the item cannot be cleaned or disinfected it must be disposed of in a covered waste receptacle immediately after use. 125

126 Hairpieces During the trying on of a manufactured hairpiece, that portion of the head which comes in contact with the hairpiece must be completely covered with a disposable cover. All used hair goods must be cleaned according to manufacturers instructions before resale and marked as used. 126

127 Refuse and Waste Material All waste related to the performance of services must be deposited in a covered container to avoid the potential for cross contamination through, release of or exposure to, infectious waste materials. 127

128 Refuse and Waste Material Waste unrelated to performance of services must be deposited in a waste disposal container. Containers located in the reception area, which do not contain waste relating to performance of services, are exempt from having covers. 128

129 Refuse and Waste Material Outer surfaces of waste disposal containers must be kept clean. Sealable plastic bags and sealable rigid containers must be available for use at all times services are being performed in a licensed facility. 129

130 Disinfecting Non-Electric Tools and Implements All tools and implements used within a field of practice must be disinfected before use on each client. 130

131 Disinfecting Non-Electric Tools and Implements The method for disinfecting non-electrical tools and implements will be as follows: Remove all hair and/or foreign material; Clean thoroughly with soap or detergent and water; Rinse thoroughly with clear, clean water; and Sterilize, using one of the approved methods. 131

132 Requirement and Standards All tools and implements that come in direct contact with a client must be disinfected or disposed of after use. All tools and implements with sharp edges or points must be totally immersed in a high-level disinfectant according to the manufacturers instructions. 132

133 Requirements and Standards All tools and implements without sharp edges or points must be totally immersed in a solution containing 1,000 parts per million (ppm) of a commercial quaternary ammonium compound or other low-level disinfectant used according to the manufacturers instructions. 133

134 Requirements and Standards All disinfecting agents must be kept at adequate strengths to maintain effectiveness, be free of foreign material and be available for immediate use at all times the licensed facility is open for business. 134

135 Requirements and Standards Single-use disposable gloves must be discarded after use with each client. 135

136 Requirements and Standards All manual devices or equipment used in the practice of natural hair care must be used in accordance with the product safety and registration requirements imposed by any federal, state, county, or local authority. 136

137 Requirements and Standards Natural hair care practitioners may not use any manual device or equipment unless the use is part of the delivery of services within the practitioners scope of practice, and is consistent with the manufacturers intended use of the device and with client health and safety. 137

138 Storage of Tools and Implements New and/or disinfected and cleaned tools and implements must be stored separately from all others. Storage drawers for clean tools and implements must be clean, free of hair and used only for clean tools and implements. 138

139 Storage of Tools and Implements Storage cabinets, work stations and vanities must be kept clean. 139

140 Equipment The surface of all equipment where services are performed, including but not limited to back bars must be of cleanable non-absorbent material. All equipment must be clean and in good repair. 140

141 Equipment A high-level disinfectant or bleach solution, used according to the manufacturers instructions, must be used to disinfect surfaces contaminated by blood or bodily fluids. 141

142 Serving Clients Practitioners must wash their hands before and after serving each client to prevent cross contamination. When washing hands practitioners must use soap and water or other alternative hand-washing products, such as gel, aerosol spray, foam, or pre- packaged hand wipes. 142

143 Serving Clients Practitioners performing services on clients with skin conditions that are wet or weeping must wear single-use protective gloves. Head lice may be treated at the discretion of the practitioner and/or facility owner. 143

144 Congratulations! You have now completed the Natural Hair Care Training Module. The following requirements will need to be completed prior to obtaining a Natural Hair Care Certificate: 144

145 Examination Requirements Print and complete the attached certificate of completion. Obtain the Natural Hair Care Certification Application from the agencys web site at: aspx#Practitioner_Application Provide all requirements listed on the application checklist in order to sit for the Natural Hair Care Written Examination. 145

146 Examination Requirements The examination is administered at the Oregon Health Licensing Agency, 700 Summer St. N.E., Suite 320, Salem, Oregon 97301. Agency hours for testing are Monday 9am -1:30 pm and Tuesday through Friday 8am -1:30pm. 146

147 Certificate of Completion I herby attest and confirm that I have completed the: Natural Hair Care Training Module _______________________ Print Full Name ____________________________________________________________________ SignatureDate of Completion 147

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