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3/16/2011 Zero Emission Transportation Holdings Ltd. Zero Emission Technology Zero Emission Transportation Ltd. UK. Victoria Suit Vintage House 36-37 Embankment.

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Presentation on theme: "3/16/2011 Zero Emission Transportation Holdings Ltd. Zero Emission Technology Zero Emission Transportation Ltd. UK. Victoria Suit Vintage House 36-37 Embankment."— Presentation transcript:

1 3/16/2011 Zero Emission Transportation Holdings Ltd. Zero Emission Technology Zero Emission Transportation Ltd. UK. Victoria Suit Vintage House Embankment London. UK. Tel: The Airstream Train System A complete System for High Speed Rail and Infrastructure Technical Introduction & Business Proposition

2 3/16/2011 Towards a Sustainable Transport System (Extracts from the Department of Transport research paper Oct. 2007) Peoples aspirations are changing, and our transport planning needs to keep pace with that. For much of the post-War period, people were interested in personal mobility and demanded a wider range of goods on supermarket shelves. Road traffic grew inexorably and there was a rapid increase in air travel. Use of greener forms of transport – bus, cycling and rail – all declined. More recently, however, whilst people continue to value mobility highly, they have also become much more concerned about the adverse impacts of transport on climate, health and quality of life and about their own travel experience as congestion mounts. At face value, this appears to suggest a stark choice between being rich and dirty or poor and green. The independent Stern Review, published in October 2006, makes it clear that the option of being rich and dirty does not exist, because catastrophic climate change would have a huge economic cost, as well as damaging peoples lives and the planet. But nor do we have to be poor to be green. Stern says developed countries must cut CO 2 emissions by at least 60 per cent by 2050, but that this can be achieved at a material, but manageable, global cost of 1 per cent of GDP, provided the right policies are put in place, although for developed countries like the UK this cost could be higher. This cost is significant, but is far lower than the costs of inaction. Similarly, the costs of failing to adapt to a changing climate would exceed those of taking early action. The UK Governments climate change goals will be enshrined in legislation in the Climate Change Bill. Since delivering CO 2 reduction and economic growth are both essential and mutually consistent, we propose for the first time to set explicitly transport goals for both. Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for Transport, by Command of Her Majesty October 2007

3 3/16/2011 Air Travels Impact on Climate Change Just one return flight from London to New York produces a greater carbon footprint than a whole years personal allowance needed to keep the climate safe. Our carbon footprint is the estimated amount of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) given out as we travel, buy food, heat our homes and enjoy our usual lifestyles. The average personal footprint in Britain is 9.5t. To get down to a fair share of the worlds total; this must be cut by 87%, leaving 1.2t. On every flight to New York and back, each traveler emits about 1.2t of CO 2. If we fly, air travel overshadows all our other impacts. We need to cut emissions by 90% by 2050, or better still, by The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research says we need to cut emissions by 90% by 2050 – they believe this can be done, provided that a program of work is started in the next four years. Others, including the ETA, believe the descent needs to be steeper, to achieve 90% in developed countries by To keep the climate safe we need drastic cuts in air travel. Efficiency savings such as more direct flights shave off small fractions but are dwarfed by planned growth. Surely air travel cannot be this damaging? On every flight to New York and back, each traveler emits about 1.2t of CO 2, using Department for Transport figures. This compares to an average British personal total of 9.5t. To get down to a fair share of the worlds total, this must be cut by 87%, leaving 1.2t. Air travel is really worse than this because it puts out more pollution than just CO 2. For example water vapor at high levels forms thin clouds that have a warming effect. We can see trails visibly blanketing the earth. This and other effects mean that air travel has more than twice the warming effect of the carbon dioxide emissions alone. So each flight adds more to climate change than we should be emitting altogether. A one-way journey from London to Manchester (185 miles) emits: Plane – 63.9kg per passenger if the plane is 70% full, and 44.7kg if completely full. Car – based on the average car 19.8kg per person Train 5.2kg per passenger if the train is 70% full Coach – 4.3kg per passenger if there are 40 people on the coach.

4 3/16/2011 About the Airstream Train The Air Stream Train is a new intelligent solution for Transportation. Isaac Newtons 3 rd Law of motion states clearly that any force into one direction creates an equal and opposite force in the opposite direction. So by moving forward we create a force that we then use to levitate the Airstream Train and the faster we go forward the bigger this force is that we create. The AST is an open self regulating System that creates two opposing forces and uses them combined without the need of regulatory equipment. The AST uses forward motion only so that the air is pushed under the passenger cell to create lift, the same principle as for the Airplane applies, i.e. lift off. The Air is then compressed and pushed through a system of channels into the space between Track and Train at high pressure. The faster the Airstream Train accelerates the higher is the pressure she creates. The air is pushed around the Track and out from top to bottom so that we create a stream of high pressured air on which she rides and that ensures the stability of the Airstream Train at any given speed. And as the pressure increases as the speed increases to make the journey safer and more stable. It has no moving parts and no wheels. The Airstream Train combines existing Transportation Technology into one unique and capable System. It is designed to consolidate all existing Transportation into one smooth System. Absolute Environmental Integration The Air Stream Train is designed for absolute environmental Integration. By using Hydrogen as Fuel the Airstream Train produces Water as the only exhaust It can be integrated into any environment without disturbing it. No trees and no buildings need to be demolished and no Tunnels or Bridges need to be build and current Infrastructure can be used and easily integrated. This is due to the speed and design of the complete System. The Airstream Train and Track never touch and are separated by an 8-16 cm flexible cushion / stream of compressed Air on which the Airstream Train moves.

5 3/16/2011 Technical Concept Research and Development The principle Idea of using Aviation Technology on a Rail Track has been around since Aviation began and there have been multiple products that have been tried and tested. All these different projects have shown the capabilities and also the failures and limitations of each of those projects. Some of those were due to the technical limitations of that time. Needless to say that things have changed dramatically in the past 20 years and our capabilities improved accordingly. We took that into account and as a result are able to use raw research Data in the estimated volume exceeding $ The Aerowagon The Aerowagon or aeromotowagon was an experimental high- speed railcar fitted with an aircraft engine and propeller traction invented by Valerian Abakovsky, a Russian engineer and communist from Latvia. It was originally intended to carry Soviet officials.

6 3/16/2011 The Schienenzeppelin The Schienenzeppelin or rail zeppelin was an experimental railcar which resembles a zeppelin airship in appearance. Franz Kruckenberg designed the Schienenzeppelin (Rail Zeppelin) in 1929 after years of designing Zeppelin airships. It was his rigid airship experience that inspired him to create a futuristic train version of the Zeppelin that would literally fly the rails, driven by an aircraft propeller located in the tail section of the bullet-shaped train. Since this revolutionary design would require massive financial investment, Kruckenberg proposed using existing rail lines instead of having to create new monorail ones for greater speeds.

7 3/16/2011 Turbojet Trains A turbojet train is a train powered by turbojet engines. Like a jet aircraft, but unlike a gas turbine locomotive, the train is propelled by the jet thrust of the engines, not by its wheels. So far, only a handful of experimental jet-powered trains have been built, for research in high-speed rail. As gas turbine engines are small and light, compared to previous locomotive engines, turbojet trains, as for most gas turbine trains, have been built as railcars (combining propulsion and passenger accommodation) rather than as separate locomotives. M-497 The first attempt to use turbojet engines on a railroad was made by the New York Central Railroad in Their railcar M-497 was able to reach speeds up to 184 miles per hour (296 km/h). ER 22 Another turbojet railcar was built in the USSR in The ER22 was able to reach a speed of 250 kilometers per hour (160 mph). It had a mass of 54.4 metric tons (including 7.4 tons of fuel) and was 28 meters (92 ft) long. The power car was planned to be used as a part of "Russian troika" express.

8 3/16/2011 Hovertrains A hovertrain is a type of high-speed train that replaces conventional steel wheels with hovercraft lift pads, and the conventional railway bed with a paved road-like surface, known as the "track" or "guideway". The concept aims to eliminate rolling resistance and allow very high performance, while also simplifying the infrastructure needed to lay new lines. Maglev trains attempt to meet the same basic goals, using magnets for levitation rather than air cushions. Hovertrains were seen as a relatively low-risk and low-cost way to develop high-speed inter-city train service, in an era when conventional rail seemed stuck to speeds around 140 mph or less. A number of hovertrain concepts were developed in the 1960s into the 1970s, including a number of systems for smaller urban deployments. The earliest examples of serious hovertrain proposals come, unsurprisingly, from Christopher Cockerell's group, organized in Hythe, Kent as Hovercraft Development Ltd. As early as 1960 their engineers were experimenting with the hovertrain concept, and by 1963 had developed a test-bed system about the size of a tractor-trailer that ran for short distances on a concrete pad with a central vertical surface that provided directional control.

9 3/16/2011 Hovercraft What is a Hovercraft? The modern hovercraft was developed by Sir Christopher Cockerell, an Englishman, in the mid 1950's; it has since gone through countless refinements and design modifications. The basic idea is to pump, by whatever means, a large and continuous amount of air under a craft to achieve lift. To be able to effectively use this air some form of retention system is employed to help control this air; this mechanism is known as the skirt. A diagram of the airflow through a recreational-use hovercraft is shown below.

10 3/16/2011 The Aérotrain The Aérotrain was a hovercraft train developed in France from 1965 to The lead engineer was Jean Bertin. The goal of the Aérotrain was similar to that of the magnetic levitation train: to suspend the train above the tracks so the only resistance is that of air resistance. Consequently, the Aérotrain could travel at very high speeds with reasonable energy consumption and noise levels, but without the technical complexity and expensive tracks of magnetic levitation.

11 3/16/2011 TACV As part of the High Speed Ground Transportation Act of 1965, the Federal Railway Administration (FRA) received funds to develop a series of high-speed trains. In addition to funding development of the successful UAC TurboTrain and more conventional projects, the FRA also took out licenses on Bertin's designs and started efforts to build several prototype vehicles under the Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (TACV) program. TACV envisioned a linear induction motor (LIM) powered hovertrain with 300 mph (483 km/h) performance. Different elements of the technology were to be tested with different prototypes.

12 3/16/2011 LIMRV (Linear Induction Motor Rail Vehicle) Since the Bertin team had not yet used a LIM, the first part of the TACV program was dedicated to LIM development. Garrett AiResearch built the Linear Induction Motor Research Vehicle (LIMRV), a wheeled vehicle running on standard-gauge railroad track, fitted with a 3000 hp gas turbine generator to supply the LIM with electricity. The test track for the LIMRV at the HSGTC near Pueblo wasn't yet complete when Garrett delivered the vehicle: the reaction rail in the middle of the tracks was still being installed. Once the track was ready, linear induction motor, vehicle power systems, and rail dynamics testing progressed and by October 1972, a speed of mph (302.4 km/h) was achieved. Speed was limited due to the length of track (6.4 miles) and vehicle acceleration rates. Two J-52 engines were added to the vehicle to propel the vehicle up to higher speeds. These engines were then throttled back so that the thrust of the J-52's equaled their drag. This allowed higher speed testing without building several miles of additional track. On August 14, 1974, the LIMRV achieved a world record speed of mph (411.5 km/h) for vehicles on conventional rail.

13 3/16/2011 TACRV The second stage of the TACV project was a hovercraft test bed initially powered by turbofan engines, the Tracked Air Cushion Research Vehicle (TACRV). Boeing and Grumman proposed designs, with the Grumman vehicle being given the go-ahead. Grumman's TACRV was presented in Although Grumman's efforts got the majority of the funding in the TACV project, ensuring the construction of 22 miles (35 km) of track, the reaction rails for the LIM propulsion were never installed. With jet engine propulsion only, no more than 90 mph (145 km/h) was achieved. UTACV The third stage of the TACV project was a complete LIM- powered hover train with passenger seating, the Urban Tracked Air Cushion Vehicle (UTACV). Rohr Industries won the contract with a design based on Jean Bertin's Aérotrain, and delivered the prototype to HSGTC in Pueblo in However, there was almost no money left over, so the Rohr vehicle received only 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of track, on which a maximum of only 145 mph (233 km/h) was possible. The need for an electricity supply system, low energy efficiency, and noise levels were seen as problems. The last tests of the Rohr vehicle ended in October 1975.

14 3/16/2011 The Airstream Train It is very well known that Air cushion technology is by far superior compared with magnetic levitation. It can handle different surfaces and is independent from external energy input. The Airstream Train takes this technology to the next level. By combining air cushion / air stream technology with the already tried and tested Scramjet technology we create a unique and powerful new mass transportation system that will set new standards when at the same time provides absolute environmental integration. The Airstream Train used all the know how of what came before to create an absolute in Transportation Technology.

15 3/16/2011 It is the only technology where continuous acceleration is possible by executing all four cycles of an ordinary combustion engine permanently through forward motion. This picture demonstrates the continuous execution of the four cycles of a combustion engine through forward motion. Forward motion compresses the Air and gives us lift and drag at the same time Ensuring the safety of the passengers and the craft. The compressed Airstream is then used for propulsion using Scramjet Technology. The four cycles are executed at Point: 1. Intake 2. Compression 3. Ignition / Expansion 4. Exhaust

16 3/16/2011 Airstream Train Resource Data Length :70m Width : 4m Height :5m Weight: 52t Passengers: Development PhaseProduction Phase Concept Design Basic Design Detail Design Manufacturing Design Manufacturing DevelopmenttestField Test Completed Company position Business Position ContentAirstream TrainHigh Speed Train Operation Speed Mach kph Propulsion System Jet turbine & ScramjetElectric / Diesel Train Control Digital / Analog Car body Material Carbon fiber,Aluminum AlloyAluminum Alloy / Steel Brake Equipment Air brakes, Reverse thrustEddy current / Conventional Brakes Tightness Air tightness,pressurization Levitation Type AirNone / Magnetic Induction

17 3/16/2011 Airflow Section The Air Stream Train is the only Vehicle in the world that offers the possibilities to continuously accelerate inside an Oxygen based environment between two points A and B. That means the speed we can achieve is directly depending on the distance we travel. To make it simple we use the four strokes of a normal Otto engine that air intake, compression, expansion and exhaust. But instead of trying to contain it we shape out Vehicle so that by moving forward we create an equal and opposite force that we then use to execute the four strokes of a normal Otto engine permanently. To do so we need an operating Scramjet engine. That also means we have to accelerate to a speed of Mach 1.5 with the secondary Turbine engine to make use of the scramjet. Only then and after the Scramjet is operational we can continuously accelerate. Air Pressure High Speed Airflow Schematics Standstill

18 3/16/2011 Fuel Section Hydrogen vs. Hydrocarbon Fuel This Picture demonstrates that Hydrogen is by far the best Fuel. It is taken from the DARPA Scramjet research center. Hydrogen is more powerful then Hydrocarbon fuels. Actually in Hydrocarbon Fuels it is only the Hydrogen that burns and the Carbon together with the Oxygen leaves a toxic residue that is better known as Carbon Dioxide or CO 2. Burning Hydrogen leaves us only with H 2 O as a residue.

19 3/16/2011 Friction The airstream train and its track do not touch so that there is no friction. The airstream train flies around the track using forward motion Only and the physical principles and conditions of aviation apply to the air stream train. Track Section The track and track design are an integrated Part of the Airstream Train and cannot be separated from it. Together with the track the Airstream Train creates the pressure chamber that exists only temporary under the Airstream Train. Without the track the Airstream Train cannot operate. Materials Steel. Aluminum. Concrete. Track Data Maintenance The Airstream Train has no moving parts. The Airstream Train is pure minimalistic Transportation making maintenance simple and Cost effective. The Track will be maintained and supported from the inside. Infrastructure Housing through the Inside of the Track Infrastructure Housing Infrastructure can be supplied through the Track.

20 3/16/2011 Airstream Train Engines. The Airstream Train has two engines: One secondary Jet Turbine engine One primary Linear Scramjet engine. Turbine Jet Engine The secondary Jet Turbine engine is used to accelerate the Airstream Train from standstill to a speed of Mach 1.5. The exhaust gases of the Turbine are used to create an air cushion so that the Airstream Train can lift off from standstill. Once the pressure is reached to levitate the Airstream Train the exhaust gases are redirected to give us thrust and create a forward motion. Once the air pressure we create through forward motion is greater than the necessary pressure needed to levitate the Airstream Train all thrust from the secondary turbine engine can be redirected fully for greater acceleration.

21 3/16/2011 Scramjet Engine. Supersonic combustion ramjets, or scramjets operate by burning fuel in a stream of supersonic air compressed by the forward motion of the Air Stream Train. Unlike conventional jet engines, scramjets have no rotating parts. In normal jet engines rotating blades compress the air and the airflow remains sub-sonic. Scramjet engines are able to reach Mach 10 and the including of the Scramjet engine is a powerful tool integrated into the design of the Airstream Train.

22 3/16/2011 Train Control System The Airstream Train designed to be the safest transport system possible. One way to insure this is that between any two stations A and B there is always only one Airstream Train on the track. To insure that this is the case we must know where the Airstream Train is at all given times. At every track joint i.e. every 100m we install a sensor and on the Airstream Train a reader device. That way we can control acceleration and deceleration at exact points and we know where the Airstream Train is at all given times. The sensors can measure the distance to the ground, the relative distance and relative height to each neighbor point. That way we can optimize the Journey for speed and comfort and smoothness. Speed Control Monitoring System As described in the overall train control system on each junction of the track there are sensors installed. This gives us an accurate positioning of the train at any point in time. This also means that every journey can be pre-programmed and optimized for a comfortable smooth and fast and safe journey. The pilots job is to control start and landing i.e. arrival and overall supervision of the system. The main journey will run on AUTO PILOT, there can be flexibilities in part settings such as speed and settings for fluctuations of weather such as rain or storm or ice. This way we can insure maximum passenger safety with maximum speed and comfort. Control Systems Pre Emptive Seismic Monitoring System This sensor system is flexible and can be expanded into a full seismic monitoring system that is better known as a preemptive earthquake warning system. The recent problems in China, Hawaii and Japan highlight the need of this.

23 3/16/2011 SAFETY CONTROL SYSTEM Brake system: DETACHABLE AIR RESISTANCE BRAKE SYSTEM Detachable Air Resistance Brake System Air resistance brakes have been around for a very long time in one or the Other form. The simplest and most common form of an airbrake is the parachute. It uses the air resistance to slow down a falling object or is deployed to slow down the Space Shuttle or a Dragster for example. Another form of airbrakes are mechanical airbrakes that are deployed to slow down an aircraft before landing. The airbrake of the airstream train can be best described as a mechanical parachute. When deployed 100+ panels open up into the airstream that is equivalent to a 50+ m 2 parachute. It is flexible enough to withstand high speed deployment and will be retracted and re-attached when not needed. Even without airbrakes the airstream train should considerably slow down by simply switching off its engines due to the bodys natural air resistance. The braking from low speed to standstill will be done via reverse thrust as this technique is deployed and used in all commercial jet engines is tried tested and readily available to be adapted to the Airstream Train. Detachable Air Resistance Brake System

24 3/16/2011 Zero Emission infrastructure Housing Efficiency Intelligence Design and Structure

25 3/16/2011 High Speed Rail: Investing in the Future (Extracts from the British Department of Transport Research Paper Feb. 2011: High Speed Rail: Investing in Britains Future) We believe a national high speed rail network from London to Birmingham, and onward to Leeds and Manchester, can transform the way Britain works and competes as profoundly as the coming of the original railways in the 19th century. A high speed rail network has the potential to generate a massive £44 Billion of benefits as well as revenues totaling a further £27 Billion. It would directly deliver thousands of jobs constructing and operating new lines, development of our world class engineering talent and regeneration of key areas of our inner cities, including in West London and Birminghams Eastside. High speed rail is also an important part of our plans for a low carbon economy, helping us meet our climate change targets by encouraging millions out of their cars and off the planes onto the train. By providing a huge increase in capacity for long-distance passengers between our major cities, high speed rail would ensure we are ready for those challenges. And by releasing capacity on existing lines, it would also create space for additional commuter and regional services to run. Exploiting maximum benefit from high speed capacity: With expected growth in demand, and the greater range of destinations that could be served with a wider network, the capacity of an initial London – West Midlands line would be fully used over time. Given also the high costs of construction, it is important to ensure that the best use could be made of available methods and routes.

26 3/16/2011 The Fast Track to Prosperity A new high speed rail network would transform the countrys economic geography. It would bring our key cities closer together, enable businesses to operate more productively, support employment growth and regeneration, provide a genuine alternative to domestic aviation, and create a platform for delivering long-term and sustainable economic growth and prosperity. Integration with other transport networks: To fully realize the benefits of high speed rail it would be important that passengers could get easily from the station to their final destination. Capacity High capacity would maximize the benefits of the investment in a new high- speed line. That means long trains and maximizing the number of trains that can be run per hour: at opening up to 14 trains per hour could run in each direction; future technological developments are expected to see that increased to 18 trains per hour on a wider high speed network. Trains would run throughout the day and evening, seven days a week, although no HS2 trains would run between midnight and hours (08.00 hours on a Sunday), allowing time to be available for maintenance of the line. HS2 trains would be up to 400 meters long – similar to the length of Eurostar trains – with up to 1,100 seats. This means stations would need to cope with high volumes of people and provide high quality links for their onward journeys. Shorter classic compatible trains, also capable of highspeed running, would serve cities off the high-speed network. Minimizing the Impact on the Environment High speed rail should avoid, as far as practicable, impacts on communities and the natural and built environment. To that end HS2 Ltd developed a set of Sustainable design aims – a set of principles of good practice for HS2 Ltds design teams.

27 3/16/2011 Addendum To the Department of Transport Research Paper Feb. 2011: High Speed Rail: Investing in Britains Future Speed Conventional High Speed Rail as the Government proposes and as the current standard of Technology allows is capped at 500kph maximum. The Airstream Train however can reach Speeds that are greater than Airplanes can achieve. Given the Travel time necessary to Travel to the Airport and back the Airstream Train slashes 2h of any Air journey. Any Journey inside a Country should be between 20 min and 30 min without breaking the speed of Sound barrier. Safety The Airstream Train System is designed to be the safest possible method of Transportation that can be achieved. This is due to the special shape of the Track that makes it near impossible to get onto the Track. Conventional Rail stays on the Ground and at high speeds is dangerous for the reason that it is far too easy to get on the Track. Magnetic Levitation Trains are much better but since the Track is flat allows easier access than the Airstream Trains Track which is round and as such can not be accessed so easily. Further more the Airstream Train is so designed that all passenger would survive a head on collision at a speed of Mach 10. The passenger cell would detach itself through the force of the speed at pre determined brake off points slide over the edge of the Sledge into the air and land safely on Parachutes. With all passengers safely strapped in their seats by 6 point seat belts no one would be harmed.

28 3/16/2011 Environmental Integration The Air Stream Train System is designed for absolute environmental Integration. By using Hydrogen as a Fuel the Airstream Train produces Water as the only exhaust It can be integrated into any environment without disturbing it. No trees and no buildings need to be demolished and no Tunnels or Bridges need to be build and current Infrastructure can be used and easily integrated. This is due to the speed and design of the complete System. The Airstream Trains Track joints are 100m apart compared with 20m for the Magnetic Levitation Trains. That alone means that the Track building costs are 1/5 of that of a Maglev Train. Plus the fact that the Airstream Trains Track does not have the need to be connected to a power grid as the Maglev System does. This lowers the costs even further and eliminates the need to build new power plants just to supply electricity to the Track. Capacity The Airstream Train has the capacity of 128 to 256 passengers. This is the ideal design for the highest possible speeds. However it can be adapted with a secondary deck to double this capacity. The speed of this design would be the same or slightly faster than an Airplane and would be perfect for inner country travel. Integration and Expansion The Airstream Train System is designed to adapt current infrastructure. Stations and Rail lines can be used and adapted to accompany the Airstream Train. City Country Continent The Airstream Train is not only designed for High Speed but also for use in a low speed environment such as a City and provide a low cost high capacity over ground System that can easily be integrated into any Cityscape.

29 3/16/2011 Infrastructure Housing and Support The most unique feature of the Airstream Train System is the Track. It is in simple terms a hollow tube of an elliptical shape. This is necessary because the principle running method can only be compared with that of an Airplane without wings. But this creates a space that can be used as an Infrastructure housing facility that can be maintained from the inside without interruption of Service Is easily upgradable and has the capacity of future growth. It can accompany anything and even future technologies to support the community. And since nearly everything from electricity to telephone TV and Internet comes in cables these days we have a facility that can be maintained from the inside 24/7. Even Water and waste water could be supplied through the Track. This would eliminate the need for roadwork's and would smoothen out congestion in an inner city environment. The Track inside is so designed that it is easy to lay down new cables and to access those without interrupting any other services. Maintenance can be done while the transportation continues uninterrupted. Silent Transportation The Airstream Train is designed for the lowest possible noise levels. Its engines are inside and can be shielded so that in a low speed environment such as inner City transportation it is effectively a silent transport system. That allows for 24/7 h usage without noise and without pollution. Zero Emissions The Airstream Train is the cleanest possible method of Transportation that there can be. All Airstream Trains together will produce absolute 0 Emissions. Reduction of CO 2 Emissions This way we can reduce the CO 2 emissions by more then 6 Billion tons per year.

30 3/16/2011 Linear Acceleration Linear acceleration is possible when the Scramjet is operating. It effectively means that the speed increases exponentially. That means that the speed that can be achieved is directly depending on the distance of the Journey. The longer the Journey the faster the speed. Linear Travel The Airstream Train is the only Transportation System that is capable of Linear Travel. What that means is that we have only acceleration and deceleration and no cruising speed. Normally the cruising phase is the most time consuming phase of travel. A Journey by plane from Paris to Hong Kong consists of accelerating to cruising speed then cruising at 900kph for 12h and then deceleration and landing. With the Airstream Train for the same journey it would be possible to accelerate to higher speeds up to mach 10 and then decelerate and stop, no cruising phase. This would allow a journey from Paris to Hong Kong to be completed within 1h. Linear Luggage System The Luggage System of the Airstream Train is designed to give each passenger a Box sized 20cm X 75cm X 200cm without weigh restrictions for 128 passengers. This allows for larger goods such as musical Instruments easily to be transported. The System is flexible enough to be adapted for different configurations. Luggage Boxes can be ordered to be collected from home and delivered directly to the Destination so that travelling can be hassle free. Family Size boxes can be offered to accompany larger Items offering family values to an already outstanding transportation system. Self Levitation The Airstream Train levitates itself after reaching a pre determined speed which is known as Take off Speed in aviation terms. After that the Airstream Train fly's around the Track using forward motion only.

31 3/16/2011 Advantages of the Airstream Train The Airstream Train offers overall a better Value for money compared with any other competitors such as Maglev TGV or Aviation. For the price of one Airbus A380 we can buy around 100 Airstream Trains. Speed and safety are unrivalled as well as its flexibility both for operator and end user. The Airstream Train cuts the costs of acquisition operation and maintenance by increasing safety speed and customer satisfaction and lowering the costs of maintenance. Core competencies of the Airstream Train Safety & Speed Environmental Integration Infrastructure Housing Cost efficiency Flexibility Main Markets Transportation Logistics Infrastructure Housing and support Trends HSR is everywhere and on every Governments mind. And all Research Papers from all around the world come to one conclusion and that is that current High Speed Rail technology offers too little real advancement for too much Investment and environmental damage. In simple terms current solutions such as Maglev Trains are not good enough. The Airstream Train System offers more then other HSR Systems offer at 1/5 th of the price of current technology. It reduces travel time from hours to minutes and will set new standards in safety and speed while at the same time providing Infrastructure to every place.

32 3/16/2011 Markets and Opportunities. The Airstream Train System is designed to streamline all existing Transportation into one smooth System. The main markets for the Airstream Train are that of High speed Rail since it is a HSR System and offers better value for money than others. The already allocated Investment funds are outlined here. CountryAllocated Investment America$ 50 Billion China$ 300 Billion Thailand$ 50 Billion Vietnam$ 100 Billion Malaysia$ 100 Billion Europe$ 100 Billion UK$ 60 Billion Opportunity Since the Airstream Train System offers more value for less money this is an opportunity of great magnitude. These are the main markets as well as India and other countries that are waiting to see the development of High Speed Rail infrastructure as current HSR Systems are too expensive and offer too little advancement for too much investment. Hesitating countries can be convinced into adopting this System and new markets will open such as Africa and South America. We can create Jobs and supply Transportation and Infrastructure all over the world.

33 3/16/2011 Executive Summary The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research says we need to cut CO 2 emissions by 90% by 2050 – better by They believe this can be done, provided that a program of work is started within the next four years. A high speed rail network has the potential to generate a massive £44 Billion of benefits as well as revenues totaling a further £27 Billion. It would directly deliver thousands of jobs constructing and operating new lines. The Airstream Train can deliver both of these and more. The beneficial side would be greatly enhanced by providing Infrastructure in addition to the Transportation. This feature is unique to the Airstream Train System and can not be matched with any other Technology. A high speed rail network using the Airstream Train System has the potential to generate a massive £66 Billion of benefits a 50 % increase over other Solutions. It would create more jobs than other Solutions and increase capacity in the IT sector by providing a much faster Internet than currently available with a housing solution that is flexible and easily upgradable. Revenues would also increase since the Airstream Train is cheaper to acquire the Track is cheaper to be build and maintenance is simple and cost effective. This means that we can offer cheaper fares for the end customer by providing a better System and travel experience all around when at the same time we increase the profit margin. A 50% increase of revenues totaling £27 Billion would be £40.5 Billion. The Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research says we need to cut CO 2 emissions by 90% and with the Airstream Train System we can. No other solution is capable of Zero Emissions. No other solutions can match what the Airstream Train System can achieve. This is a complete System of Transportation that caters for the needs of a new generation providing everything that is needed without harming the environment.

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