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MLA Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College.

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1 MLA Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College

2 This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College - What MLA is and why we use it - General document formatting - Avoiding plagiarism Presenter: When you see this click your mouse for motion graphics. !

3 What is MLA? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College MLA is commonly used in the Humanities disciplines. MLA is a set of standards for academic papers. MLA provides standards for: - General document formatting - Avoiding plagiarism

4 General Document Formatting Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Smith 1 Pete Smith Dr. Boilermaker English October 2008 Expanding Ross Stadium During the 2000 football season, the Purdue Boilermakers won the Big Ten Conference Title, earned their first trip to the Rose Bowl in thirty-four years, and played every game in front of a sold-out crowd. Looking ahead, we can expect growth in our top-line numbers of season-ticket holders, all of whom have expressed an interest in box-seating and better concessions. Smith 1 Pete Smith Dr. Boilermaker English October 2008 Expanding Ross Stadium During the 2000 football season, the Purdue Boilermakers won the Big Ten Conference Title, earned their first trip to the Rose Bowl in thirty-four years, and played every game in front of a sold-out crowd. Looking ahead, we can expect growth in our top-line numbers of season-ticket holders, all of whom have expressed an interest in box-seating and better concessions. Type on white 8.5 x 11 paper Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides Double-space everything Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch (or one tab) Formatting standards make papers look similar; not all crazy-different (no funky fonts or goofy margins - stuff like that). Its like the suit you wear to the office, like professional attire: in this business, we wear this suit. !

5 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College MLAs standards for citing and documenting sources help you to avoid plagiarism. Avoiding Plagiarism

6 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Avoiding Plagiarism in MLA What is Plagiarism? Citing Sources Documenting Sources

7 What is Plagiarism? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Plagiarism can happen whenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source. Sources can include books, articles, web pages, interviews, films, advertisements, etc. Oh yeah! This is good stuff for my paper.

8 What is Plagiarism? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Wyatt Earp Frontier Justice Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. 25 Source: a book by Wyatt EarpYour paper: Me 5 Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. Plagiarism happens when you use words, information, or ideas from a source without identifying the source. !

9 Avoiding Plagiarism in MLA Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them. Do this in two places: - Cite your sources in the text of your paper - Document your sources on a Works Cited page

10 Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Identify sources in the text of your paper by: - using quotes and paraphrases - adding author name(s) and page number

11 Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick review Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Quotes use the exact words found in a source. Me 4 Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights Quotations marks show where the exact words begin and end. !

12 Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick review Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Paraphrases tell your readers what the source said, but in your own words. Me 4 stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights Quotations marks are not needed. !

13 Are quotes and paraphrases alone enough to avoid plagiarism? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. Gun control laws weaken our constitutional rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment. No. Quotes and paraphrases alone are not enough. The quote is plagiarism because the source is not identified. The paraphrase is also plagiarism because the source is not identified. (The words were changed, but the idea came from a source) ! !

14 Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Identify sources in the text of your paper by: Using quotes and paraphrases - Adding author name(s) and page number

15 Me 4 Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights Adding author name(s) & page number Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Heres our quote again. The author is Wyatt Earp. The words are on page 25 of his book. Add the author name and page number to the quote. Earp says, (25). !

16 Me 4 stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights Adding author name(s) & page number Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Treat paraphrases the same as you would treat quotes. Add the author name and page number to the paraphrase. Earp believes that (25). !

17 You have two options for adding author name and page number: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights, gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights Option 1Option 2 Author name in front of the quote; page number in back. Author name and page number in back. Earp says, Opponents agree that (25). (Earp 25). ! !

18 The same two options apply to paraphrases: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College stricter gun control laws would weaken our constitutional rights stricter gun control laws would weaken our constitutional rights Option 1Option 2 Earp argues that Opponents argue that (25). (Earp 25). Have you noticed that page numbers always go at the end of the sentence? Its true. So, the only real decision you need to make is where to put the authors name: in front, or in back. !

19 REVIEW: Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College So, to every quote and paraphrase, add the following: 1. The last name of the author of the source. 2. The page number in the source where you found the words, information, or idea. Use Option 1 (author name in front, page number in back) or Option 2 (author name and page number in back).

20 Questions about options: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Why two options? So you can mix it up. Which option is the best? Option 1. Why is Option 1 the best? Because you integrate sources more smoothly into the text of your paper.

21 Authors last name + verb of attribution + quote or paraphrase + (page). This is called a signal phrase Earp argues believes claims says thinks writes Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. Gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment. (25). Earp writes, Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (25). Earp claims that gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment (25). Option 1: Using signal phrases to integrate sources more smoothly into your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College

22 Activity: Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Youve seen how to avoid plagiarism in the text of your paper by identifying your sources: using quotes and paraphrases adding author name(s) and page number Now, you try it.

23 Activity: Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Select one of the sources on the next slide and cite the source: 1. Quote or paraphrase the words. 2. Identify the source by adding author name(s) and page number. Use Option 1 (name in front, page in back). 3. Write down your result.

24 Activity: Citing Sources Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College My window is a grave, and all that lies within its dead. William Gass Page 213 The secret of getting ahead is getting started. Mark Twain Page 141 Im not a very good writer, but Im an excellent rewriter. James Michener Page 25 Tattoos and piercings can be seen as bodily aids in the inner struggle toward identity. Andres Martin Page 79 We have an oversimplified perspective of why children develop as they do. Elissa Allen Page 8 The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem. Luisa Mirano Page 3 See next slide for another look at the signal phrases table.

25 Authors last name + verb of attribution + quote or paraphrase + (page). This is called a signal phrase Earp argues believes claims says thinks writes tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. Gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment. (25). Earp writes, Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (25). Earp claims that gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment (25). Option 1: Using signal phrases to integrate sources more smoothly into your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College

26 Avoiding Plagiarism in MLA Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them. Do this in two places: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited page Youve seen how to do A), so now, lets do B).

27 Documenting sources on a Works Cited page Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Me 7 Works Cited Earp, Wyatt. Frontier Justice: Your Rights, Your Gun. Tombstone Law Journal. Aug. 2005: 10 – 52. Print. Smith, Bubba, and Bo Wesson. Take Our Jobs, But Not Our Guns. Sioux Falls, SD: Rifleman Press, Print. Wild West in Our Nations Capital. Editorial. The Washington Post. 12 Feb 2007: A4. Print. Me 7 Works Cited Earp, Wyatt. Frontier Justice: Your Rights, Your Gun. Tombstone Law Journal. Aug. 2005: 10 – 52. Print. Smith, Bubba, and Bo Wesson. Take Our Jobs, But Not Our Guns. Sioux Falls, SD: Rifleman Press, Print. Wild West in Our Nations Capital. Editorial. The Washington Post. 12 Feb 2007: A4. Print. What is a Works Cited page? Its a bibliography of all the sources you used in your paper. It includes author names, titles, book titles, names of journals or magazines, names of publishers, dates, page numbers, etc. Its the last page of your paper, and it stands alone as its own page.

28 Documenting sources on a Works Cited page Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp, Wyatt. Frontier Justice: Your Rights, Your Gun. Tombstone Law Journal. Aug. 2005: 10 – 52. Smith, Bubba, and Bo Wesson. Take Our Jobs, But Not Our Guns. Sioux Falls, SD: Rifleman Press, Wild West in Our Nations Capital. Editorial. The Washington Post. 12 Feb 2007: A4. Format: Each entry on a Works Cited page has to be formatted in very specific ways, depending on the type of source. But there are some general similarities. Author title of article title of publication Publisher Dates Pages Medium

29 Basic format for a book with one author. Tan, Amy. Saving Fish From Drowning. New York: Putnam, Print. author title of publication place of publication publisher date of publication medium (print or web) The differences depend on the type of source: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College

30 Short work from a website (with one author). Jenkins, Henry. Bearings. MIT Communications Forum. MIT, 19 Feb Web. 16 Jan author title of article title of publication sponsor of website date the site was last updated medium (print or web) date you accessed the site Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College The differences depend on the type of source:

31 How do I know which format to use for a particular source? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Consult a style guide. Style guides have comprehensive lists with explanations and examples. The Writing Center has style guides for use in the Center. Style guides on the web: Try the Purdue Online Writing Lab:

32 Avoiding Plagiarism in MLA Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Now youve seen it all, right? Youve seen how to avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources in two places: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited page Youve tried A). Now, try B).

33 Activity: Documenting sources with a style guide Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Source type: Book William Gass In the Heart of the Heart of the Country and Other Stories New York Pocket Books 1977 Print Tan, Amy. Saving Fish From Drowning. New York: Putnam, Print. Model #6: Basic format for a book with one author. Lets say youre using this book in your paper. Heres all the info you need to create a Works Cited page entry. Your task is to make this info match the model below. Write down your result. !

34 Activity: Documenting sources with a style guide Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Source type: short work from a website Andres Martin Teenager and Tattoos Online Journal of the AACAP AACAP 19 Feb 2004 Web 15 Sep 2011 Model #48: Short work from a website (with one author). Lets say youre also using this short work from a website in your paper. Heres all the info you need to create a Works Cited page entry. Your task, again, is to make this info match the model below. Write down your result. Jenkins, Henry. Bearings. MIT Communications Forum. MIT, 19 Feb Web. 16 Jan !

35 REVIEW: MLA -- how it all works Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Me 4 Earp says, Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (25). Me 7 Works Cited Earp, Wyatt. Frontier Justice. Tombstone Law Journal. Aug. 2005: 10 – 52. Print. Wyatt Earp Frontier Justice Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. 25 Earps bookMy paperMy Works Cited page 1.Use a source2. Cite the source3. Document the source !

36 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Me 4 Earp says, Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights (25). Me 7 Works Cited Earp, Wyatt. Frontier Justice. Tombstone Law Journal. Aug. 2005: 10 – 52. My paperMy Works Cited page In-text citations refer readers to your Works Cited page via the authors last name. REVIEW: MLA -- how it all works !

37 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College FAQ: What do I put here? ! Me 3 Characters like Batman, Superman, and Spider-Man are the most familiar, the most popular, and the biggest money-makers ( 22). Some similarity in mainstream titles was for many years unavoidable due to the creation in 1954 of the Comics Code Authority (CCA), an organization formed by leading comic publishers to regulate the content of comics ( ). In 1968, Robert Crumbs Zap initiated the underground comix revolution ( 101). Zap satirized mainstream, conservative beliefs and did not shy away from sexual or political content, yet beneath the crude humor of Zap lay

38 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Answer: The first thing listed for that source on your Works Cited page, along with the page number (if the source has page numbers). FAQ: What do I put here? Me 3 Characters like Batman, Superman, and Spider- Man are the most familiar, the most popular (Heller 22). Similarities in mainstream titles was for many years unavoidable due to the creation in 1954 of the Comics Code Authority (CCA), an organization formed to regulate the content of comics (Good Shall Triumph). Me 3 Works Cited Heller, David. Comic Book Nation: Transformation of Youth Culture in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, Print. Good Shall Triumph Over Evil: The Comic Book Code of History Matters: The U.S. History Survey Course. George Mason University, Web. 22 Mar ! !

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40 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Whenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source…. …you must identify the source. Oh yeah! This is good stuff for my paper. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited page REVIEW: Avoiding Plagiarism

41 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Cite your sources in the text of your paper by: Using quotes and paraphrases Adding author names and page numbers Document your sources on a Works Cited page by: Consulting a style guide for the right format for each type of source. Mr. Mackey says: Plagiarisms bad. Mmmkay? Dont do it. That would be bad. That would be like…mmreally, really bad. Mmmkay? REVIEW: Avoiding Plagiarism

42 For more info… Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Use, or buy a style guide. Buy it once; youll use it through your entire college career, if not beyond. We use them; we cant remember all this stuff! Come to the Writing Center at YVCC. We have style guides, handouts, and helpful staff. Located in G-125 (Glenn-Anthon). Make an appointment for an individual, 30-minute consultation. Purdue Online Writing Lab:

43 Disclaimer Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Individual results may vary.* You may discover discrepancies between style guides, on- line MLA resources, suggestions from Writing Center consultants, and instructions about using MLA from your instructor. When in doubt, always check with your instructor. * This is not, in fact, fine print. Its just supposed to look like fine print, you know, as a joke– mocking fine print. I mean, yeah, sure, the font is very tiny, so in one sense I suppose it is fine print, but you certainly cant say that it is fine print in the pejorative sense of that term.


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